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When a table tennis ball is hit by a racket, the ball spins and undergoes a complex trajectory in the air. In this article, a model of a spinning ball is proposed for simulating and predicting the ball flight trajectory including the topspin, backspin, rightward spin, leftward spin, and combined spin. The actual trajectory and rotational motion of...
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... the ball spins through a certain angle, its coordi- nates can be obtained by the spin of point P and trans- lation of the coordinate system. 19 Figure 5 shows point P spinning around the unit vector O ball N that passes through the origin O ball with the angle of c. The coordi- nates of point N are (a, b), so the rotation matrix R(c) is given by equation (9) ...
This study measured 1) the speed and spin differences between the old celluloid versus new plastic table tennis balls at pre ball-table impact and post ball-table impact when projected with topspin at 7.56 m.s-1 , and investigated 2) the effect this has on the kinematic responses of 5 elite versus 5 sub-elite players' forehand topspin in response t...
Background: An optimal stroke is essential for winning table tennis competition. The main purpose of this study was to examine the correlations between the stroke characteristics and the stroke effect. Methods: Forty-two young table tennis players were randomly selected from China Table Tennis College (M age= 14.21; M height= 1.57m; M weight= 46.05 kg, right-hand racket, shake-hands grip, no injuries in each joint of the body). The high-speed infrared motion capture system was used to collect the data of stroke characteristics, and the high-speed camera was used to measure the spin speed of the stroke. The influence of stroke characteristics on stroke effect was analyzed. Results: The time duration of backswing and forward motion were significantly correlated with ball speed (r=-0.403, P<0.01; r=-0.390, P<0.01, respectively) and spin speed (r=-0.244, P=0.027; r=-0.369, P<0.01, respectively). The ball speed was positively correlated with the linear velocity of right wrist joint (r=0.298, P<0.01), and the angular velocity of right elbow joint (r=0.219, P=0.013), right hip joint (r=0.427, P<0.01) and right ankle joint (r=0.443, P<0.01). The spin speed was positively correlated with the linear velocity of right wrist joint (r=0.238, P=0.031), and the angular velocity of right elbow joint (r=0.172, P=0.048) and right hip joint (r=0.277, P=0.012). The placement had a negative correlation with the angular velocity of right knee joint (r=-0.246, P=0.026). Conclusions: The time allocation of the three phases of backspin forehand stroke had an important correlation with stroke effect, especially the ball speed and spin speed. The movement of the right wrist joint and right ankle joint were mainly correlated with the ball speed of the stroke. The spin speed of the stroke was mainly correlated with the movement of the right wrist joint. The placement of the stroke was mainly correlated with the rotation of the right knee joint.