Southern Portugal Early Neolithic pottery traditions. (1) Upper Estremadura illustrated after Santarém cardial vessel (Matriznet.dgpct.pt), (2) lower Estremadura after Nossa Senhora da Luz -false acacia leaf vessel (Matriznet.dgpct.pt), and (3)

Southern Portugal Early Neolithic pottery traditions. (1) Upper Estremadura illustrated after Santarém cardial vessel (Matriznet.dgpct.pt), (2) lower Estremadura after Nossa Senhora da Luz -false acacia leaf vessel (Matriznet.dgpct.pt), and (3)

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Western Iberia Early Neolithic has been described as an ultimate and very altered form of the Mediterranean Neolithisation process. Despite its Atlantic position, this territory – corresponding mainly to Central/Southern Portugal – is, in its physical and cultural geography, a Mediterranean landscape deeply connected to a historical process arrivin...

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Context 1
... a closer observation, three main traditions can be identified in the area previously identified as a cardial zone (Figure 3 2008; Jorge, 1979;Zilhão, 1992Zilhão, , 2001). Frequently, cardial ware is reduced to very fragmented sherds, with small and repetitive zigzag commissure impressions although, in some rare cases, a more baroque decoration covered almost the entire vessel. ...
Context 2
... illustrating genetic results, such as Figure 3, emphasise a (deceptively simple) dichotomous world where hunter-gatherers and Early Neolithic groups appear as two discontinuous, and in themselves uniform, entities with a large territorial expression. However, this genetically homogenous, small, and fastmoving Early Neolithic groups present distinct patterns of material culture in deep contrast with those data (Figure 4). Figure 4: Genetic admixture between hunter-gatherers and Neolithic groups after Valdiosera et al. (2018). ...

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