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1 : Size comparison of nanoparticles with bacteria, viruses and molecules[7]. 

1 : Size comparison of nanoparticles with bacteria, viruses and molecules[7]. 

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The colloidal solutions of the gold nanoparticles (GNPs) were prepared with double deionized water (DDDW), and Dulbecco’s Modified Medium (DMEM) solution (pH=7.2-7.4), using pulsed laser ablation in the liquid phase (PLAL), with 1064 nm Nd-YAG laser, and energies (300, 400, 500 and 600) mJ and the laser spot intensity of laser (6.11, 8.15, 10.19 an...

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... Genetics. Steps of synthesis, biological application and measurements shown in the figure ...
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... effect has been increased with both size and concentration. GNPs with (1-10) nm diameters did not show an obvious effect even in 75% concentration as shown in figure (4.14.a). This can be attributed to the number of GNPs in low concentration, it did not able to aggregate, and sit alone in the endosomes.. This prevents the occurrence of the plasmonic absorption in the IR region. And it does not get enough time to conjugate with the protein compounds to make the destruction inside the cell ...
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... effects may be depended on many factors; as the ability of the (1-10) nm (a) (11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20) and cannot separate them to get acceptable results. Figures (4.17) and (4.18) represent the cumulative effect of the prepared GNPs in DDDW and DMEM with IR irradiation on Hela and SR cells, the better active effects shown where the effects of GNPs (21-30) ...
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... surface plasmon resonance and the optical properties of MNPs , within it GNPs depend on size, shape, surface dimensions [79] and dielectric constants of surrounding medium and metal [90], The spherical nanoparticles has a single absorption peak., but if the shape starts with elongating, its plasmon spectrum starts to has two peaks [79], a strong long wavelength band in the near infrared region due to the longitudinal oscillation of electrons (longitudinal plasmon band) and a weak short wavelength band in the visible region (transverse plasmon band) [89] Figure (2.13) explains the Calculated optical extinctions of typically-sized gold nanorods of varying aspect ratios in water ...
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... electron in an artificial atom that can be described by a quantum wave-function that is similar to the one used for an electron in a single atom, even though its energy is spread coherently over the lattice of atomic nuclei. The size of a crystal decreases to the nanometer region, the size of the particle begins to modify the properties of the crystal .The electronic structure is altered by the continuous electronic bands to discrete or quantized electronic levels .As a result, the continuous optical transitions between the electronic bands become discrete and the properties of the nanomaterial become size dependent. Therefore, optical, thermal and electrical properties of the particles become dependent on their sizes and shapes [19] as shown in figure (1.4) to demonstrate the fraction of molecules at the surface as a function of nanoparticle size for particles of various shapes. ...
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... effect of percentages of IR exposure time on the cultured Hela and SR cells in DMEM without GPNs were presented in the figure (4.11). Hela (1-10) (11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20) ...
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... size of a crystal decreases to the nanometer region, the size of the particle begins to modify the properties of the crystal .The electronic structure is altered by the continuous electronic bands to discrete or quantized electronic levels .As a result, the continuous optical transitions between the electronic bands become discrete and the properties of the nanomaterial become size dependent. Therefore, optical, thermal and electrical properties of the particles become dependent on their sizes and shapes [19] as shown in figure (1.4) to demonstrate the fraction of molecules at the surface as a function of nanoparticle size for particles of various shapes. ...
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... surface plasmon resonance and the optical properties of MNPs , within it GNPs depend on size, shape, surface dimensions [79] and dielectric constants of surrounding medium and metal [90], The spherical nanoparticles has a single absorption peak., but if the shape starts with elongating, its plasmon spectrum starts to has two peaks [79], a strong long wavelength band in the near infrared region due to the longitudinal oscillation of electrons (longitudinal plasmon band) and a weak short wavelength band in the visible region (transverse plasmon band) [89] Figure (2.13) explains the Calculated optical extinctions of typically-sized gold nanorods of varying aspect ratios in water [91]. ...
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... Genetics. Steps of synthesis, biological application and measurements shown in the figure (3.1). ...
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... effect of percentages of IR exposure time on the cultured Hela and SR cells in DMEM without GPNs were presented in the figure (4.11). Hela (1-10) (11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20) ...
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... effect has been increased with both size and concentration. GNPs with (1-10) nm diameters did not show an obvious effect even in 75% concentration as shown in figure (4.14.a). This can be attributed to the number of GNPs in low concentration, it did not able to aggregate, and sit alone in the endosomes.. ...
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... effects may be depended on many factors; as the ability of the (1-10) nm (a) (11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20) and cannot separate them to get acceptable results. Figures (4.17) and (4.18) represent the cumulative effect of the prepared GNPs in DDDW and DMEM with IR irradiation on Hela and SR cells, the better active effects shown where the effects of GNPs (21-30) ...