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Situation of the chestnut trees in study sites 

Situation of the chestnut trees in study sites 

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The chestnuts stand (Castanea sativa Mill.), situated on the foothills of Europe, between forests and agricultural land, are important, both from the scenic and environmental point of view, and for the local economy and culture. These agro-forest ecosystems are threatened by the activity of man, by global change, by fungal diseases and by the poor...

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... each site, mentioned above, a local phytosanitary inventory was carried out by surveys for every chestnut tree, in all surface of massive. On each site all trees were examined by surveys for the decline, caused by diseases; pests, abiotic and biotic stress factors, presence of them by attack incidence, and the degree of damage incidence, caused by them to trees was classified in five classes, using method described by Cellerino et al. (1990) and Lushaj (1987;1991), as below (Table 7). During the surveying the impact of chestnut blight was detectable on old branches, which were completely dead, as a result of old infection, that had occurred a number years. ...

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