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Simulated normalised magnetisation of field cooled (FC) and zero field cooled (ZFC) magnetic moments of nanoparticle ensembles with different standard deviations of log-normal volume distribution. 

Simulated normalised magnetisation of field cooled (FC) and zero field cooled (ZFC) magnetic moments of nanoparticle ensembles with different standard deviations of log-normal volume distribution. 

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X-ray absorption spectroscopy facilitated by state-of-the-art synchrotron radiation technology is presented as a powerful tool to study nanoscale systems, in particular revealing their static element-specific magnetic and electronic properties on a microscopic level. A survey is given on the properties of nanoparticles, nanocomposites and thin film...

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... Magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) dependence on particle's volume leads to superparamagnetic effect due to which magnetisation starts fluctuating. The temperature at which magnetisation fluctuation occurs is called blocking temperature [5]. Literatures do not provide any standard procedure to deduce blocking temperature for nanoparticles. ...
... Literatures do not provide any standard procedure to deduce blocking temperature for nanoparticles. Antoniak [5] referred inflection point temperature in ZFC as the θB. Presa et al. [6] represented temperature corresponding to maximum ZFC magnetization as θB for γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. ...
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... A fourth possible case of left circularly polarized x-ray is not shown here. Taken from[115]. ...
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