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FIG 1 - Boundary Zonal Flow in Rotating Turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard Convection

FIG. 1. Sidewall temperature PDFs, r=R ¼ 1, for z=H ¼ 1=4 (diamonds), z=H ¼ 1=2 (circles), and z=H ¼ 3=4 (squares), with 1=Ro ¼ 0 (a), (c) and 10 (b), (d). Experimental measurements with Ra ¼ 8 × 10 12 (a), (b) and DNS with Ra ¼ 10 9 (c), (d), both with Pr ¼ 0.8. Bimodal Gaussian distributions (solid lines), the sum of two normal distributions (dashed lines), are observed for rapid rotation (b), (d). h·i z s denotes average in time and over all sensor positions at distance z from the hot plate.
Sidewall temperature PDFs, r=R ¼ 1, for z=H ¼ 1=4 (diamonds), z=H ¼ 1=2 (circles), and z=H ¼ 3=4 (squares), with 1=Ro ¼ 0 (a), (c) and 10 (b), (d). Experimental measurements with Ra ¼ 8 × 10 12 (a), (b) and DNS with Ra ¼ 10 9 (c), (d), both with Pr ¼ 0.8. Bimodal Gaussian distributions (solid lines), the sum of two normal distributions (dashed lines), are observed for rapid rotation (b), (d). h·i z s denotes average in time and over all sensor positions at distance z from the hot plate.
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