In an environment in which the globalization affects numerous people in a direct way, in which quality decides over rapid business and in which individual partnerships are more important and long-lasting than narrow-minded price discussions, the strategy for specified high quality Austrian Embroideries is becoming more important. The motivation f...
Some drought years over sub-Saharan west Africa (1972, 1977, 1984) have been previously related to a cross-equatorial Atlantic gradient pattern with anomalously warm sea surface temperatures (SSTs) south of 10°N and anomalously cold SSTs north of 10°N. This SST dipole-like pattern was not characteristic of 1983, the third driest summer of the twent...
The aim of this policy paper is to describe the current role of academic family enterprise education in Finland. Family business centers and family business programmes have been started around the world to offer education for family entrepreneurs and next generation members. MBAs, master's degrees in science, and other degrees are offered for key members of the family businesses. At the same time, we are having a debate on are entrepreneurs born or made? The role of entrepreneurship and enterprise education at university level is unclear, and many might believe that entrepreneurship does not even belong to the academic world. This policy paper presents the academic family enterprise programme offered in Finland, at the University of Jyvskyl. Creating a full family business Master's degree programme takes a long time to design and implement. Enterprise education policy needs resources to support planning and designing such programmes, because there exists a need to learn more about family entrepreneurship and family business management. Also, interdisciplinary collaboration helps family business education development. National and international visibility and collaboration between family entrepreneurs, family business associations, and universities is needed to achieve enterprise education policy goals. Family enterprise pedagogy does not exist, which creates a demand to activate the discussion on family enterprise education strategy for the future years.
The literature reveals that traditional and cultural textiles are becoming more and more part of international fashion. Especially, locally produced and imported Wax fabrics are an important element of the cultural landscape of twenty-first century West Africa. It represents economic potential as well as a kind of national identity and personalization. These fabrics are still a source of inspiration and the subject of innovation for designers, artists and entrepreneurs. In addition, various studies and projects have shown that the actual situation of the West African textile market changes rapidly. The motivation for this project is based on learning from history of more than 500 years of trading with textiles between West Africa and Europe. Accordingly, the purpose of this article is to describe the actual situation in West Africa holistically for all participating partners of the supply chain (producers, sellers, consumers, etc). Therefore, it examines Wax fabrics in a comprehensive manner starting with the definition, due to misleading definitions, and its history, the production as well as the actual marketing and distribution situation in West Africa.