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Schematic representation of diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic materials microscopic structures at rest and in the presence of a magnetic field H.  

Schematic representation of diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic materials microscopic structures at rest and in the presence of a magnetic field H.  

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In the last decades, LOC technologies have represented a real breakthrough in the field of in vitro biochemical and biological analyses. However, the integration of really complex functions in a limited space results extremely challenging and proper working princi‐ ples should be identified. In this sense, magnetic fields revealed to be extremely p...

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... on this parameter, it is possible to classify magnetic materials in three main categories: diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic (Figure 2) [7]. Diamagnetic mate-rials, such as bismuth or brass, have no net atomic or molecular magnetic moment and do not retain magnetization when the external magnetic field is removed. ...

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