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Rubins vase: It has two meanings of "two human faces" (white) and "a vase" (black).

Rubins vase: It has two meanings of "two human faces" (white) and "a vase" (black).

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In this study, we discuss a non-Kolmogorovness of the optical illusion in the human visual perception. We show subjects the ambiguous figure of "Schröeder stair", which has two different meanings [1]. We prepare 11 pictures which are inclined by different angles. The tendency to answer "left side is front" depends on the order of showing those pict...

Context in source publication

Context 1
... figure is a figure which has two or more meanings. Rubin's vase is one of most famous ambiguous figures (see Figure 2). The intensity of illusion depends on how it exists in the surroundings [2]. ...

Citations

... This last phenomenology of hysteresis (to be meant according to psychology) related to vision may be also correlated analogically ( [3]) with certain aspects of the physical phenomenology discussed first in [21], and dealing with conscious-unconscious visual recognition, hence reconsidered in [3] where the authors have then pointed out the possible analogical identification of hysteresis effects in visual recognition experiments performed in [2]. Indeed, in such a context, H. von Helmholtz unconscious inferences, which play a crucial role in the passage from sensation to perception, are considered in relation to a quantum-like pattern of sensation-perception dynamics -quantically treated, in that not based on classical logicsso providing a concrete model for unconscious and consciousness processing of information and their interaction. ...
... This last phenomenology of hysteresis (to be meant according to psychology) related to vision may be also correlated analogically ( [3]) with certain aspects of the physical phenomenology discussed first in [21], and dealing with conscious-unconscious visual recognition, hence reconsidered in [3] where the authors have then pointed out the possible analogical identification of hysteresis effects in visual recognition experiments performed in [2]. Indeed, in such a context, H. von Helmholtz unconscious inferences, which play a crucial role in the passage from sensation to perception, are considered in relation to a quantum-like pattern of sensation-perception dynamics -quantically treated, in that not based on classical logicsso providing a concrete model for unconscious and consciousness processing of information and their interaction. ...
... Indeed, in such a context, H. von Helmholtz unconscious inferences, which play a crucial role in the passage from sensation to perception, are considered in relation to a quantum-like pattern of sensation-perception dynamics -quantically treated, in that not based on classical logicsso providing a concrete model for unconscious and consciousness processing of information and their interaction. To be precise, in the cognitive modeling worked out in [21] and [3], if S represents the unconscious information processing and S ′ the conscious one, then, in the concrete instance of von Helmholtz's unconscious inference, S represents just the processing of sensation (its unconscious nature having been emphasized as early by Hermann von Helmholtz) and S ′ represents processing of perceptionconscious representation of sensation. The related experiment performed in [2], then theoretically analyzed in [21] and [3], concerned the bistable perception (of the type S → S ′ ) of the rotation of an ambiguous figure (i.e., the Schröder stair), which turned out to be different, for each of the three groups of persons chosen to form statistical test samples, due to the diversity of data's contextuality (suitably treatable just by quantum formalism) entailing optical illusions affected by memory biases, and put into relation with hysteresis effects in [3]. ...
Preprint
This comment is aimed to point out that the recent work due to Kim, et al. in which the clinical and experiential assessment of a brain network model suggests that asymmetry of synchronization suppression is the key mechanism of hysteresis has coupling with our theoretical hysteresis model of unconscious-conscious interconnection based on dynamics on m-adic trees.
... This last phenomenology of hysteresis (to be meant according to psychology) related to vision may be also correlated analogically ( [3]) with certain aspects of the physical phenomenology discussed first in [21], and dealing with conscious-unconscious visual recognition, hence reconsidered in [3] where the authors have then pointed out the possible analogical identification of hysteresis effects in visual recognition experiments performed in [2]. Indeed, in such a context, H. von Helmholtz unconscious inferences, which play a crucial role in the passage from sensation to perception, are considered in relation to a quantum-like pattern of sensation-perception dynamics -quantically treated, in that not based on classical logics -so providing a concrete model for unconscious and consciousness processing of information and their interaction. ...
... This last phenomenology of hysteresis (to be meant according to psychology) related to vision may be also correlated analogically ( [3]) with certain aspects of the physical phenomenology discussed first in [21], and dealing with conscious-unconscious visual recognition, hence reconsidered in [3] where the authors have then pointed out the possible analogical identification of hysteresis effects in visual recognition experiments performed in [2]. Indeed, in such a context, H. von Helmholtz unconscious inferences, which play a crucial role in the passage from sensation to perception, are considered in relation to a quantum-like pattern of sensation-perception dynamics -quantically treated, in that not based on classical logics -so providing a concrete model for unconscious and consciousness processing of information and their interaction. ...
... Indeed, in such a context, H. von Helmholtz unconscious inferences, which play a crucial role in the passage from sensation to perception, are considered in relation to a quantum-like pattern of sensation-perception dynamics -quantically treated, in that not based on classical logics -so providing a concrete model for unconscious and consciousness processing of information and their interaction. To be precise, in the cognitive modeling worked out in [21] and [3], if S represents the unconscious information processing and S the conscious one, then, in the concrete instance of von Helmholtz's unconscious inference, S represents just the processing of sensation (its unconscious nature having been emphasized as early by Hermann von Helmholtz) and S represents processing of perception-conscious representation of sensation. The related experiment performed in [2], then theoretically analyzed in [21] and [3], concerned the bistable perception (of the type S → S ) of the rotation of an ambiguous figure (i.e., the Schr¨oder stair), which turned out to be different, for each of the three groups of persons chosen to form statistical test samples, due to the diversity of data's contextuality (suitably treatable just by quantum formalism) entailing optical illusions affected by memory biases, and put into relation with hysteresis effects in [3]. ...
Article
Full-text available
This comment is aimed to point out that the recent work due to H. Kim, J-Y. Moon, G. A. Mashour and U. Lee ([22]), in which the clinical and experiential assessment of a brain network model suggests that asymmetry of synchronization suppression is the key mechanism of hysteresis observed during loss and recovery of consciousness in general anesthesia, has indirectly provided empirical confirmation of the theoretical model outlined in [8] (Iurato and Khrennikov, 2015), based on a possible implementation of an hysteretic pattern into a formal model of unconscious-conscious interconnection worked out on the basis of representations of mental entities by p-adic numbers. One of the main assumptions done by the authors of [22], is that (physical) hysteresis (of their brain network model took into account) observed during anesthetic state transitions shares the same underlying mechanism as that observed in non-biological networks. This makes licit to put into comparative relations [8] and [22].