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... studies used multiple methods. A full breakdown is given in Figure 1. ...

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... However, there are still challenges to connect scientific evidence with policymaking, including differences between the type of evidence that researchers produced and the form of evidence that policymakers need (Cairney & Oliver, 2020;Rose, 2017). The complexity and timeliness of scientific data are just some of the barriers to the use of scientific work for policymaking (Newman, 2020). There have been works exploring different routes to overcome these challenges, including knowledge brokering and translations (Mols et al., 2020), institutionalised collaborative practices (Estabrooks et al., 2019), promoting an organisational culture of scientific advice in policy through leadership (Van der Arend, 2014), among others. ...
... Traditionally, most academic work has focused on understanding scientific advice for executive branches (Kenny et al., 2017). Consequently, recent systematic analyzes have focused on executive advisory processes (Newman, 2020;Oliver & Cairney, 2019). Hence, we asked ourselves: what is the current state-of-the-art knowledge about legislative advisory bodies and their advice processes? ...
... Examples of this trend can be found in the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the new behavioural science unit in the US Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the UK networks of 'What Works' evidence centres. a) Recommendations for knowledge brokering and translation: moving from the scientific to the policy sphere Another critical element discussed by experts in various fields is the need for adequate knowledge brokering (Newman, 2020), i.e. the transition from predominantly scientific or academic to outputs that are engaging and easily of use for legislators (Oliver & Boaz, 2019;Rose, 2017). Examples of strategies to achieve this could be increased use of data visualisation (Rose, 2017), reduced scientific jargon (Kenny et al., 2017), institutionalised collaborative practices (Estabrooks et al., 2019), and promotion of an organisational culture of scientific advice in policy through leadership (Van der Arend, 2014). ...
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