Figure - available from: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
This content is subject to copyright. Terms and conditions apply.
Relative abundance of A. manicatum males in the Botanical Garden Halle. Dots indicate the number of individuals observed per day, referred to the maximum number of individuals observed on a single day of the particular year (rel. abundance). Black circle: 1997, gray circle: 1998, open circle: 1999, solid line: Lorentzian peak function fitted to the pooled data of all 3 years. Please note that the markers of the maximum male number observed per year were slightly shifted to the left and right, respectively, to increase the readability of the figure
The wool carder bee Anthidium manicatum is one textbook example of resource defense polygyny among solitary bees, known for intense male–male competition, forced copulations, and the extreme form of interspecific territoriality toward other flower visitors. This mating system depends on the spatial structure of the defended resource and requires se...
In proboscis monkeys, sexual behavior between an adult male and adult female culminates to mounting and copulation. Sexual activity is initiated by the adult male. To solicit copulation, the adult female would stare at the adult male, shake her head or display facial expressions such face pouting, lip pursing and nose twitching. If receptive, the a...