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Quality characteristics in different grades of ginger

Quality characteristics in different grades of ginger

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Organic Cultivation of Ginger in the north eastern India NEH Region, India

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Context 1
... addition, the GDS, Umsning also maintain varieties like "Nadia", "Wynad" and Local cultivars. In International market, several grades are available and on the basis of that, ginger has been categorized in different grades (Table 1). The ginger produced in the region should be at par to this grade for exporting to fetch higher prices because the prices vary as per the grades. ...
Context 2
... also helps in adding organic matter to the soil, checks weed emergence and conserves moisture during the latter part of the cropping season. The first mulching is done with green leaves @ 10-12 t/ha at the time of planting and is repeated for about 5 t/ha at 45 and 90 days after planting (Table 10). ...
Context 3
... can be provided only in less rainfall areas where distribution is not uniform. The critical stages of ginger for irrigation are given in Table 11. The first irrigation should be done immediately after planting and subsequent irrigations are given at intervals of 7 to 10 days based on prevailing weather and soil type. ...
Context 4
... addition, a diverse cropping is supporting; a wide range of beneficial insects and soil microorganisms; helps in soil and water conservation; improves soil fertility; enhancing farm productivity per unit land; to ensure security against potential risks of monoculture alongside creating a platform for stabilizing the diversified needs of farming households whose production is greatly influenced by vagaries of nature. In north eastern regions, the following crops are the most common intercrops with ginger (Table 12). In our experiment, revealed that intercropping with French bean and cowpea are more profitable in ginger based cropping (Table 13). ...
Context 5
... north eastern regions, the following crops are the most common intercrops with ginger (Table 12). In our experiment, revealed that intercropping with French bean and cowpea are more profitable in ginger based cropping (Table 13). Crop rotation is a common practice in ginger. ...
Context 6
... starts flowering during the month of June-July along with showers or rains. The time of harvesting of the rhizomes varies with purpose of uses (Table 14). The fully mature rhizomes are indicated by turning yellow of leaves and the pseudo stems begin to dry (Fig. 16). ...
Context 7
... can be prepared by proper mixing of Copper sulphate solution and quick lime solution in a fixed ratio according to the plant tissue being applied. A 10 litre quantity of Bordeaux mixture of different concentrations can be prepared using the ingredients (Table 15; Fig. 28). ...
Context 8
... Lyngdoh, president of the SHG reported the differences in production due to variety, "Nadia". The comparative performance of improved variety "Nadia" and local genotype is presented in Table 16. Significant differences were observed between both the varieties for plant growth and rhizome development (Fig.29 and Fig. 30). ...

Citations

... Dry ginger recovery of these varieties is much better than exotic Rio-de-Janeiro. Basar Local is very popular in Arunachal Pradesh because of its high yield and adaptability to the local environment (Yadav et al. 2004;Rymbai et al. 2018). Hedychium mechukanum and Amomum arunachalense, both found in Arunachal Pradesh, are two new ginger species discovered in Northeast India (The Hindu, 2020). ...
Book
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Its about the traditional knowledge of Indian People.
... The indigenous ginger cultivars of Mizoram such as Thinglaidum, Thingpuidum, Thingaria, Thingpui and Jugijan were reported to dominate the ginger cultivars of the state (Rahman et al., 2009;Soni et al., 2022). Among these cultivars, the farmers mostly prefer Thinglaidum, a medium-size rhizome as it contains less fibre showing a blackish ring and can yield upto 154 q/ha (Rymbai et al., 2018). However, these cultivars are usually low yielders than other improved varieties of different regions of India. ...
... Recent improvements in ginger genotypes are focused on quality characters. The variety Bold Nadia is prevalent in the northeastern region due to its low fibre content and tolerance to soft-rot (Verma et al., 2019), high dry matter content (22.6%) and higher yield up to 30 t/ha (Rymbai et al., 2018) which is about 32.16% more than local cultivar Thinglaidum. ...
Article
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Mizoram has an excellent suitability for quality ginger production. Although productivity has shown an improving trend, the yield is still meagre as cultivation is dominated by local genotypes that are poor yielders. There is also a lack of systemic findings and recommendations to provide the detailed performance of high yielding genotypes with nearly similar in quality to local genotypes suitable for Mizoram. Therefore, a field experiment was carried out to evaluate the performance of ginger genotypes for three consecutive years (2019, 2020 & 2021). The experiment consists of seven genotypes (Gurubathani, Bold Nadia, Bhaise, John's ginger, PGS 121, PGS 95 and PGS 102) as treatments with RBD design having three replications. Fifteen observations were recorded to identify potential substitute for low yielding local genotypes to improve the overall production of ginger cultivation in Mizoram. Bhaise has recorded significantly highest rhizome yield (10.20 t/ha), number of tillers/plant at maturity (4.13); chlorophyll ‘b’ (0.47 mg/g) and total chlorophyll (1.77 mg/g) at 90 DAP. Moreover, the genotype Bold Nadia has recorded highest fresh weight of clump (177.59 g), dry recovery (24.29 %) and chlorophyll ‘a’ at 90 DAP (1.30 mg/g). Also, PGS 102 and Gurubathani have recorded at par yield of the above genotypes. Correlation analysis was performed to study the degree and direction of relationship between traits. The yield of rhizome has high positive significant correlation with fresh weight of clump (r = 0.817*). From the experiment it can be concluded that genotypes like Bold Nadia, Bhaise, PGS 102 and Gorubathani have performed best in terms of high fresh weight of clump, rhizome yield and other yield contributing traits. Whereas, for dry ginger purpose, Bold Nadia has performed best. Therefore, these genotypes are found suitable for large scale cultivation of ginger in Mizoram.
... The indigenous ginger cultivars of Mizoram such as Thinglaidum, Thingpuidum, Thingaria, Thingpui and Jugijan were reported to dominate the ginger cultivars of the state (Rahman et al., 2009;Soni et al., 2022). Among these cultivars, the farmers mostly prefer Thinglaidum, a medium-size rhizome as it contains less fibre showing a blackish ring and can yield upto 154 q/ha (Rymbai et al., 2018). However, these cultivars are usually low yielders than other improved varieties of different regions of India. ...
... Recent improvements in ginger genotypes are focused on quality characters. The variety Bold Nadia is prevalent in the northeastern region due to its low fibre content and tolerance to soft-rot (Verma et al., 2019), high dry matter content (22.6%) and higher yield up to 30 t/ha (Rymbai et al., 2018) which is about 32.16% more than local cultivar Thinglaidum. ...
Article
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Article
Shifting agriculture locally known as jhum is the predominant form of agriculture used by the local tribe of the north-eastern hill region of India. There is also some valley rice cultivation and terrace cultivation. The structure and some functional aspects of these three agro-ecosystem types are discussed and compared. The 30 year jhum cycle has the advantage over the 10 or 5 year cycle apart from higher yields, in that the monetary output/input ratio under a 30 year jhum cycle is comparatively favourable. Further, the 30 year jhum cycle is advantageous over terrace cultivation as the latter needs heavy inputs of fertilizers. The main advantage of settled valley cultivation is the raising of crops consistent in yield year after year from the same site.