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PubMed: search performed using key words and Boolean operators and activating 'Limits' for the search term entered.

PubMed: search performed using key words and Boolean operators and activating 'Limits' for the search term entered.

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Literature searches are essential components of the research process. In identifying a research problem, researchers must survey the current state of knowledge to avoid duplication of work so that their own efforts are meaningful. Literature reviews, additionally keep professionals updated on specifi c topics and support multiple work functions. He...

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... the key words, 'ACE inhibitors', 'angiotensin-II receptor antagonists', 'hypertension' in a Boolean search string (using AND), we retrieved 4,609 citations ( Figure 5). After applying the limits ('5 years', 'English language', and those focusing on 'Humans' and 'systematic reviews') we then retrieved a very manageable list of 95 citations ( Figure 6). We can see that a reduction of 92 references results when we only use key words instead of using MeSH terms in our literature search. ...

Citations

... A systematic and step-by-step approach is necessary for planning the details of a study. [4] The next lecture was delivered by Dr. P. Balakumar [5] ). Referencing is not only an important but also an inevitable aspect of scientific writing. ...
... Recommended sources for further reading are listed with this workshop report. [1][2][3][4][5][6] In conclusion, the participants of the workshop were educated in different aspects of research that included a range of diverse topics such as (a) cornerstones of the research process, (b) constructing a successful literature search and review using different databases and search engines, (c) impact factor, CiteScore, h-index (author and institution), h m -index, h5-index, citations, self-citations, field-weighted citation impact, and citation benchmarking, (d) practical session on basic statistical analysis, (e) art and science of scientific writing, and effectively writing different components of a research paper/thesis, (f) Harvard and Vancouver referencing styles, (g) Web of Science, Journal Citation Reports, Clarivate analytics impact factor, and selection of a scientific journal, (h) working with journals: cover letter, submission process, peer-reviewing, responding to reviewers, the publication process, etc., and (i) ethics in publication. Overall, the participants suggested that the workshop was very useful for their research and dissertation work. ...
... A successful researcher, in addition to having proficiency in literature searching and reviewing, should know how to find the right kind of search engines and databases to extract from the wealth of information existing in the ocean of biomedical and health sciences. The presentation by Dr. Balakumar conferred about constructing successful literature searches using a variety of biomedical databases and search engines, including PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science, SciFinder, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Quertle, BibliMed, Citeline, PharmaPendium, AHFS Drug Information, Facts and Comparisons ® eAnswers, Micromedex ® , Drugs@FDA, and DSSTOX, among others (reviewed in [5] ). Referencing is not only an important but also an inevitable aspect of scientific writing. ...
... Recommended sources for further reading are listed with this workshop report. [1][2][3][4][5][6] In conclusion, the participants of the workshop were educated in different aspects of research that included a range of diverse topics such as (a) cornerstones of the research process, (b) constructing a successful literature search and review using different databases and search engines, (c) impact factor, CiteScore, h-index (author and institution), h m -index, h5-index, citations, self-citations, field-weighted citation impact, and citation benchmarking, (d) practical session on basic statistical analysis, (e) art and science of scientific writing, and effectively writing different components of a research paper/thesis, (f) Harvard and Vancouver referencing styles, (g) Web of Science, Journal Citation Reports, Clarivate analytics impact factor, and selection of a scientific journal, (h) working with journals: cover letter, submission process, peer-reviewing, responding to reviewers, the publication process, etc., and (i) ethics in publication. Overall, the participants suggested that the workshop was very useful for their research and dissertation work. ...
... Research is empirical (practical) because all of the planned studies involve a series of observations, measurements, and analyses of data that are all based on proper experimental design. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The subject of this report is to inform readers of the proceedings from a recent workshop organized by the 64 th Annual conference of the 'Indian Pharmaceutical Congress' at SRM University, Chennai, India, from 05 to 06 December 2012. The objectives of the workshop titled 'The Critical Steps for Successful Research: ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
... Research is empirical (practical) because all of the planned studies involve a series of observations, measurements, and analyses of data that are all based on proper experimental design. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The subject of this report is to inform readers of the proceedings from a recent workshop organized by the 64 th Annual conference of the 'Indian Pharmaceutical Congress' at SRM University, Chennai, India, from 05 to 06 December 2012. The objectives of the workshop titled 'The Critical Steps for Successful Research: ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
Article
Full-text available
An interactive workshop on 'The Critical Steps for Successful Research: The Research Proposal and Scientific Writing' was conducted in conjunction with the 64(th) Annual Conference of the Indian Pharmaceutical Congress-2012 at Chennai, India. In essence, research is performed to enlighten our understanding of a contemporary issue relevant to the needs of society. To accomplish this, a researcher begins search for a novel topic based on purpose, creativity, critical thinking, and logic. This leads to the fundamental pieces of the research endeavor: Question, objective, hypothesis, experimental tools to test the hypothesis, methodology, and data analysis. When correctly performed, research should produce new knowledge. The four cornerstones of good research are the well-formulated protocol or proposal that is well executed, analyzed, discussed and concluded. This recent workshop educated researchers in the critical steps involved in the development of a scientific idea to its successful execution and eventual publication.
... Research is empirical (practical) because all of the planned studies involve a series of observations, measurements, and analyses of data that are all based on proper experimental design. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The subject of this report is to inform readers of the proceedings from a recent workshop organized by the 64 th Annual conference of the 'Indian Pharmaceutical Congress' at SRM University, Chennai, India, from 05 to 06 December 2012. The objectives of the workshop titled 'The Critical Steps for Successful Research: ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
... Research is empirical (practical) because all of the planned studies involve a series of observations, measurements, and analyses of data that are all based on proper experimental design. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The subject of this report is to inform readers of the proceedings from a recent workshop organized by the 64 th Annual conference of the 'Indian Pharmaceutical Congress' at SRM University, Chennai, India, from 05 to 06 December 2012. The objectives of the workshop titled 'The Critical Steps for Successful Research: ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
Article
Full-text available
The 63rd Annual Conference of the Indian Pharmaceutical Congress (IPC) was held in Bengaluru, India, from 16 to 18 December 2011. It was hosted by the Karnataka state branch of the ‘Indian Pharmaceutical Association’. The conference was preceded by a 2-day workshop, titled “The Basic Concepts of Scientific Research and Scientific Communication”. This workshop, held on 14 and 15 December 2011 at Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru, was organized under the aegis of the 63rd annual conference of the IPC. The workshop conveners were Dr. G. Jagadeesh of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), USA, and Dr. M. N. Inamdar of the Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy. The goals of the workshop were to teach ‘research processes’ and ‘scientific writing’. The participants were novice researchers (M. Pharm and above), teaching faculty, and industry professionals working in R and D, QA/QC, and regulatory affairs. The term ‘research’ is derived from the Middle French ‘recherché’, meaning ‘to go about seeking’. Research is the original and intellectual investigation undertaken to discover, interpret, and revise the current scientific knowledge of a subject relevant to the needs of society. The workshop’s objective was to provide guidance through topics such as thinking creatively and critically, generating research ideas, searching biomedical literature, reviewing literature, developing research protocols and proposals, analyzing data, and conducting research ethically and responsibly. The workshop also placed emphasis on scientific communication, because the writer narrates the story of the project, from initial thought process to final answer.The mastery of these skills is essential for an individual who embarks on a scientific and/ or academic career. Research must demonstrate a potential for success and advancement of knowledge in the field of interest, thereby strengthening the future career prospects of a researcher.[1-3] In light of these factors, the 2-day workshop included key lectures and interactive sessions for statistical analysis and writing an experimental protocol on different subjects of pharmaceutical sciences.
... Research is empirical (practical) because all of the planned studies involve a series of observations, measurements, and analyses of data that are all based on proper experimental design. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The subject of this report is to inform readers of the proceedings from a recent workshop organized by the 64 th Annual conference of the 'Indian Pharmaceutical Congress' at SRM University, Chennai, India, from 05 to 06 December 2012. The objectives of the workshop titled 'The Critical Steps for Successful Research: ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
... A researcher should be familiar with the right kinds of databases and search engines to extract the needed information. [3,6] Dr. P. Balakumar [3] Literature searches using alternative interfaces for PubMed such as GoPubMed, Quertle, PubFocus, Pubget, and BibliMed were discussed. The participants were additionally informed of databases on chemistry, drugs and drug targets, clinical trials, toxicology, and laboratory animals (reviewed in ref [3] ). ...
Chapter
The world of scientific research is articulated and involved many figures, and it is largely influenced by many dynamics. The original and profound nature of a research should be giving contribution to improve knowledge and even having a useful impact on the human life. Timing and ways of doing research are profoundly changed in the last decades, according to evolving contexts in each field. As a researcher, you are expected to produce and share your study results with others in several forms. Undoubtedly, timing and ways of doing research are profoundly changed in the last decades, according to evolving contexts in each field. In essence, a researcher should begin a work for a novel topic based on curiosity, creativity, critical thinking, and logic. In this essay, we would like to share considerations and opinions about the world of research, how it changed during decades and what are its main keystones, moving by the unique representation of Ernest Harburg in his original poster “The Island of research. One rule: do not block the path of enquiry”, that in the 1960s caught some essential findings on the way of doing research and nowadays is still really actual.
Book
Full-text available
Specially designed for aspiring researchers, this book presents a systematic exposition of the basic principles and methodologies involved in biomedical research. The book covers the entire research process from the conception of an idea, its development, investigation and execution, and finally to its publication. Various research methodologies including study design and statistical approaches to data analyses are also discussed in detail. The importance of ethics and integrity in research is highlighted extensively. In addition, the book discusses relevant issues relating to the commercialization of research innovations and outlines the steps necessary for successful entrepreneurship.