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Projects Portfolio of COSIPLAN (IIRSA,2014)

Projects Portfolio of COSIPLAN (IIRSA,2014)

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The purpose of this work is to present the difficulties of the superstructure when related to EI (Energy Integration) process in South America. The methodology aims to give emphasis to related projects within a binational and multinational scope. Methodologically there is the consideration of deterministic indicators, such as: project costs, instal...

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... is a special division of the South American territory organized into 10 axes (Andean, Amazon, Peru-Brazil-Bolivia, Capricorn, Guyanese Shield, South Andean, Central Interoceanic, MERCOSUR-Chile, Parana-Paraguay Waterway and South), see Figure 10. IIRSA, over ten years, and currently the COSIPLAN, developed important projects, with a portfolio of 579 projects, see Table 4, in study (23.5%), pre-running (28.8%), running (29.2%) and completed (18.5%), with an approximate investment of US$ 163.069 billion (IIRSA, 2014). According to the latest report of COSIPLANs projects portfolio (2013), the energy sector concentrated 59 projects, of which 27 (46% of the total) are aimed at generating, representing 75% of the total investment, and 32 interconnections projects. ...

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... Portanto, a existência de complementaridade energética é fator fundamental para a proliferação de processos de integração nessa seara. Este conceito pode ser entendido como a existência de países com grande produção e baixo consumo e outros com alto consumo e baixa produção em uma mesma região geográfica, o que favorece as trocas energéticas entre países ricos em recursos energéticos e com baixo consumo, como Bolívia e Venezuela, coexistem com países como Chile, que tem baixa produção de energia e alto consumo [4] [1]. A existência dessa complementaridade favorece as trocas, já que pode haver ganhos econômicos e estratégicos por meio da cooperação no setor [3]. ...
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Thesis
How to insert imported energy resources in energy planning? This question underpins the objective of this thesis - o develop a model for evaluating the energy resources (ER) available in the geography and time, which allows satisfying the planned internal demand of a country and presenting surpluses, enabling long-term exports, to be internalized in the energy planning from an importing country. With this objective in mind, the model developed within the context of the transnational energy integration of South American (TEI-SA) countries will be applied, considering their energy potentials, socio-environmental characteristics, and endemic energy policies, to determine the energy resources available for the transnational energy integration of long term in the region. The methodology used is based on the bibliographic review of the current state of the TEI-SA and on the bibliometric and systematic review of existing energy planning models and tools. From these revisions, the base elements and the existing bottlenecks are illuminated, and an evaluation model of the imported REs is built. The results of the reviews demonstrate the existence of a transnational integration infrastructure that comprises binational hydroelectric power plants, transmission lines and transnational gas pipelines. On the other hand, the TEI-SA still needs an institutional evolution for quick solutions to international arbitration and a long-term predictability regarding the access and offer of ERs. As for the model developed and the evaluation of thirteen ERs, it appears that the construction and calculation of attributes and sub-attributes is not trivial, since: there is a need for a broad database – not consolidated for the region –; use of input data of some attributes from the output of other attributes, namely, there is a need to calculate all attributes and sub-attributes due to the intersection between the different dimensions. However, after all dimensions have been calculated, the ERs can be translated into ranked indices, which range from 0 to 1, allowing the comparison between them and the identification of the ER that best responds to the demands of sustainable development. Therefore, it is concluded that the model developed allows the evaluation of ERs in all dimensions that sustainable development demands, and can be applied not only to the TEI, but also to exclusively national, subnational and market Energy Planning.