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Polar area diagram shows annual incidence of three viruses (A-C) within a  ctional virology laboratory. Each slice is equal in angle (30°) but differs in area and radius

Polar area diagram shows annual incidence of three viruses (A-C) within a ctional virology laboratory. Each slice is equal in angle (30°) but differs in area and radius

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Article
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Infographics are an innovative and engaging method of visually communicating information in a colourful and concise manner. There has been substantial interest in their use within the commercial and health sectors. Healthcare professionals already use infographics to communicate medical information to their patients. A firm grasp of health informat...

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... Although effects on smoking cessation have been mixed [15], providing people who smoke with pictures of their own atherosclerotic plaques improved cessation rates by threefold [16], and providing people who smoke with COPD with a personalized spirometric "lung age" improved short-and long-term quit rates [17,18]. It is also established that infographics combining visual and text information may improve patients' grasp of health information and enhance decision-making capacities, thereby aiding in modifying patients' health behaviours [19]. ...
... Because biomedical risk is a complex concept to communicate with patients and ensuring patient relevance is critical to driving quit motivation, we chose to communicate risk through an infographic [15]. Use of infographics for risk communication has been shown to improve health information uptake and may improve patients' decision-making capacity, including for smoking cessation [19,[43][44][45]. Infographics are also particularly well suited to support comprehension among individuals with low health literacy. ...
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Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes 3 million deaths each year, yet 38% of COPD patients continue to smoke. Despite proof of effectiveness and universal guideline recommendations, smoking cessation interventions are underused in practice. We sought to develop an infographic featuring personalized biomedical risk assessment through future lung function decline prediction (with vs without ongoing smoking) to both prompt and enhance clinician delivery of smoking cessation advice and pharmacotherapy, and augment patient motivation to quit. Methods We recruited patients with COPD and pulmonologists from a quaternary care center in Toronto, Canada. Infographic prototype content and design was based on best evidence. After face validation, the prototype was optimized through rapid-cycle design. Each cycle consisted of: (1) infographic testing in a moderated focus group and a clinician interview (recorded/transcribed) (with questionnaire completion); (2) review of transcripts for emergent/critical findings; and (3) infographic modifications to address findings (until no new critical findings emerged). We performed iterative transcript analysis after each cycle and a summative qualitative transcript analysis with quantitative (descriptive) questionnaire analysis. Results Stopping criteria were met after 4 cycles, involving 20 patients (58% male) and 4 pulmonologists (50% male). The following qualitative themes emerged: Tool content (infographic content preferences); Tool Design (infographic design preferences); Advantages of Infographic Messaging (benefits of an infographic over other approaches); Impact of Tool on Determinants of Smoking Cessation Advice Delivery (impact on barriers and enablers to delivery of smoking cessation advice in practice); and Barriers and Enablers to Quitting (impact on barriers and enablers to quitting). Patient Likert scale ratings of infographic content and format/usability were highly positive, with improvements in scores for 20/21 questions through the design process. Providers scored the infographic at 77.8% (“superior”) on the Suitability Assessment of Materials questionnaire. Conclusions We developed a user preference-based personalized biomedical risk assessment infographic to drive smoking cessation in patients with COPD. Our findings suggest that this tool could impact behavioural determinants of provider smoking-cessation advice delivery, while increasing patient quit motivation. Impacts of the tool on provider care, patient motivation to quit, and smoking cessation success should now be evaluated in real-world settings.
... Knowledge translation multimedia has been well received in other patient facing research (294). Infographics are concise, visually stimulating and associated with good recall of information in health education (295,296). Animations, when broken into 'chunks' as with the phase by phase ACL education, are known to enhance effective communication (297) Expert videos have provided new ways of engaging patients that they have respond positively to (298,299). As was learnt from earlier qualitative findings, patients wanted TRAK ACL to meet their expectations of digital tools in terms of the available commercial apps. ...
Thesis
Background: Outcomes vary after Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery and many patients do not return to previous levels of activity. This may be related to variations in evidence based rehabilitation care. It is NHS policy to avoid inappropriate variations in healthcare and to use digital health interventions (DHI) to improve access and outcomes. / Aim: This thesis explored causes of variability in care and the feasibility of a DHI to overcome them. / Objectives: 1. To identify resources used in trials of optimal ACL rehabilitation; 2. To explore stakeholder views around criteria for optimal care and reasons for variation. 3. To explore opinions of digital tools in evolving care models. 4. To determine the feasibility of undertaking a definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) to determine effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a specific DHI to support ACL rehabilitation. / Methods: Methods were selected to match objectives: Objective 1 was addressed with a systematically conducted scoping review; Objectives 2 & 3 through qualitative interviews with orthopaedic surgeons and physiotherapists; and Objective 3 by a randomised feasibility trial comparing a specific DHI plus Treatment as Usual (TAU) with TAU. / Results: The scoping review established that ACL rehabilitation in RCTs includes specialist equipment, a gym environment and an experienced physiotherapist. Interviews revealed that practitioners were committed to evidence-based care, but were sometimes limited by systemic factors, including lack of resources, infrequent appointments or ambiguous pathways of care. Interviewees cautiously welcomed DHIs to support care but identified concerns. Feasibility results showed 86% recruitment rate, 78% retention rate and 100% completion rate on 4 out of 5 outcomes including the primary outcome of a future trial, the Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Score. Fidelity to the DHI showed user engagement was heavily skewed. / Conclusion: This work provides evidence to explain observed unacceptable variations in care for this patient group and suggests that a digital health intervention could help address these. A definitive trial is both warranted and feasible.
... The video should also have had a significant number of views. • Videos containing voice narration with animated information graphics have been recognized as engaging and innovative methods of visual communication using colors and concise information, especially for healthcare [17]. This was the main rationale behind choosing an infographic video. ...
... The use of tailored infographics is an innovative, emerging approach to supporting comprehension of personal health information among patients with varying levels of health literacy. As visually communicated health information, they are a means to make medical information more accessible, and to enhance patient's decision-making capabilities regarding their health [58]. Developed with local community participatory design, these effectively engage patients as clinical communication tools to drive self-health management. ...
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Background Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for recurrent stroke, and blood pressure (BP) reduction is associated with decreased risk of stroke recurrence. However, hypertension remains poorly controlled in many stroke survivors. Black and Hispanic patients have a higher prevalence of uncontrolled BP and higher rates of stroke. Limited access to care contributes to challenges in post-stroke care. Telehealth After Stroke Care (TASC) is a telehealth intervention that integrates remote BP monitoring (RBPM) including nursing telephone support, tailored BP infographics and telehealth video visits with a multidisciplinary team approach including pharmacy to improve post-stroke care and reduce stroke disparities. Methods In this pilot trial, 50 acute stroke patients with hypertension will be screened for inclusion prior to hospital discharge and randomized to usual care or TASC. Usual care patients will be seen by a primary care nurse practitioner at 1–2 weeks and a stroke neurologist at 1 and 3 months. In addition to these usual care visits, TASC intervention patients will see a pharmacist at 4 and 8 weeks and will be enrolled in RBPM consisting of home BP monitoring with interval calls by a centralized team of telehealth nurses. As part of RBPM, TASC patients will be provided with a home BP monitoring device and electronic tablet that wirelessly transmits home BP data to the electronic health record. They will also receive tailored BP infographics that help explain their BP readings. The primary outcome will be feasibility including recruitment, adherence to at least one video visit and retention rates. The clinical outcome for consideration in a subsequent trial will be within-patient change in BP from baseline to 3 months after discharge. Secondary outcomes will be medication adherence self-efficacy and satisfaction with post-stroke telehealth, both measured at 3 months. Additional patient reported outcomes will include depression, cognitive function, and socioeconomic determinants. Multidisciplinary team competency and fidelity measures will also be assessed. Conclusions Integrated team-based interventions may improve BP control and reduce racial/ethnic disparities in post-stroke care. TASC is a post-acute stroke care model that is novel in providing RBPM with tailored infographics, and a multidisciplinary team approach including pharmacy. Our pilot will determine if such an approach is feasible and effective in enhancing post-stroke BP control and promoting self-efficacy. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04640519
... For the purpose of this article we have defined "visual aids" as all media or formats that are used to give information with the aid of non-moving images (aid to verbal or written information). Images comprise photographs, illustrations, drawings, infographics (method to visually communicate information) or pictograms (Fig 1) [6]. Other types of VA than pictograms (illustrations, infographics, photo stories and cartoons) have also been studied for patient education and risk communication among other fields [7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. ...
... Although our findings emphasize benefits of VA when they are used as interactive VA rather than stand-alone VA, verbal communication around VA is not frequently assessed in research studies. The recommendations focus rather on the necessity of pointing to images while talking or explain the benefits of an image for a specific purpose as compared to another [2,6,28]. We think that the addition of instructions for use is thus necessary. ...
Article
This study aims to explore how visual aids (VA) are used in ambulatory medical practice. Our research group (two doctors, one graphic designer and one sociologist) have led a qualitative study based on Focus Groups. A semi-structured guide and examples of VA were used to stimulate discussions. Participants were healthcare professionals (HP) working in ambulatory practice in Geneva and French-speaking outpatients. After inductive thematic analysis, the coding process was analyzed and modified to eventually reach consensus. Six focus groups gathered twenty-one HP and fifteen patients. Our study underlines the variety of purposes of use of VA and the different contexts of use allowing the distinction between "stand-alone" VA used out of consultation by patients alone and "interactive" VA used during a consultation enriched by the interaction between HP and patients. HP described that VA can take the form of useful tools for education and communication during consultation. They have questioned the quality of available VA and complained about restricted access to them. Patients expressed concern about the impact of VA on the interaction with HP. Participants agreed on the beneficial role of VA to supplement verbal explanation and text. Our study emphasizes the need to classify available VA, guarantee their quality, facilitate their access and deliver pertinent instructions for use.
... Experiment 1 will test the effectiveness of culturally-tailored vs. standard messages when both presented in didactic format. Infographics have been increasingly used in health promotion due to their concise, visual communication of information [49]. We will use an infographic incorporating Latino cultural cues as the culturally-tailored stimulus and a standard (not culturally-tailored) infographic as the standard stimulus. ...
Article
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The strategic use of media is a common approach to promote health. A large body of evidence identifies specific features that increase message efficacy, including tailoring messages to the target audience and using a storytelling format. Yet most message testing research has focused on individual-level outcomes, ignoring the social and environmental determinants of health behaviors, which require collective action and political will to change. Grounded in an ecological approach to communication, we will carry out two double-blinded randomized experiments to test the relative effectiveness of message tailoring (culturally-tailored vs. standard) and format (narrative vs. didactic) to increase the intention to reduce individual sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, the understanding of social and commercial determinants of health, and the sense of empowerment among young adult Latinas. Based on power analyses (80% power at alpha = 0.05), we will randomize 438 participants to two groups (traditional standard infographic and culturally-tailored infographic) in the first study, and 662 participants to two groups (culturally-tailored infographic and culturally-tailored comic book) in the second study. All participants will be measured by a pre-treatment test and an immediate post-treatment test. We hypothesize that culturally-tailored comic book will be most effective, and traditional standard infographic will be least effective, on all levels of outcomes. This study will provide empirical evidence in communication strategies to help young Latinos or other racial/ethnic minority young people to pursue positive dietary behaviors that both benefit themselves and contribute to change of social norms.
... Таблицы, рисунки и схемы более удобны для восприятия научной информации и ссылок. Исследования, посвященные использованию графических объектов внутри текста, показали, что изложение информации в виде рисунка является более продуктивным, понимаемым и запоминающимся методом ее распространения [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]. ...
Article
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In September 2021, the Russian Society for the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases published a practical guideline “Promoting the research results using infographic tools and graphical summaries”, which describes data visualization in research articles. The use of infographics in scientific articles becomes more and more popular. Therefore, researchers began to ask more often: how to create a graphical summary or a short presentation with the research results? The article outlines the basic principles of graphical data representation that will help authors in preparing publications.
... This does not come without its challenges. The shear complexity of this data requires an expert eye to help tease out the key information, and models require significant processing prior to use in any apps, infographics or animations (McCrorie et al. 2016). ...
... Whilst engaging with individuals for the purposes of education is valuable, the ability to change an individual's behaviour in a positive manner is ultimately the aim for many patientfocused animations and infographics (McCrorie et al. 2016). This is particularly true when considering hypertension, where lifestyle modifications and adherence to medication reduce a patient's risk of potentially debilitating and life-threatening complications (Milani et al. 2017). ...
Chapter
Hypertension is a condition requiring lifelong medication, where patients often feel well with or without treatment. Uncontrolled hypertension, however, can lead to permanent remodelling processes that occur to the vascular structure, which are seldom understood by the public. As a result, a significant burden is placed on healthcare systems globally as a result of the effects of hypertension and lack of adherence to prescribed treatment.Improving patient education through well-designed interactive applications and animation is a known strategy that can improve adherence rates to medication. In the context of hypertension, little attention has been given to helping patients understand the unseen damage that occurs to vessels exposed to high blood pressure. However, generating an accurate representation of a vessel and the changes that occur can be challenging. Using microscopy data is one way for creating an anatomically correct model, but this often needs careful consideration as data cannot be directly imported. Here we describe methods for creating an accurate 3D model of a small artery using confocal microscopy data. This model can then be animated to demonstrate the substructures and pathological changes that occur in hypertensive conditions to better inform patients about the dangers of uncontrolled blood pressure.
... Infographics are becoming a common tool in the communication of public health information (Stones and Gent, 2015b) and can be useful in facilitating patient understanding and communicating key messages to the general public (McCrorie et al., 2016;Scott et al., 2016). They have been recognised as an effective way to educate the general public (Siricharoen and Siricharoen, 2018); with the background, treatment and prevention of a disease being an example of potential application (Balkac and Ergun, 2018). ...
Article
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Infographics are becoming a common tool in the communication of public-health information. However, research-based resources in how to create effective infographics are rare. The application of design principles in the creation of infographics has been shown to more effectively communicate information. Here, the research explores the adherence of 84 research-based infographic design principles on 3 designs of varying levels of application. A multi-method approach, including eye-tracking, was used to record information location efficiency, memorability and user perception. Support was found in favour of utilising design principles in the creation of public health infographics; resulting in improved user opinion and information location.
... This has been highlighted as an issue in previous studies [43,47,49,50]. Furthermore, lack of understanding of scientific numerical data has been found to be a barrier to acting upon health advice previously [72][73][74]. ...
... Therefore, in order to ensure the infographic displays easy to digest information, reducing the amount of text and increasing the use of illustrations could improve its acceptability. Furthermore, the addition of a logo to indicate that the infographic was endorsed by a reliable organization would aid trust in the information and thus increase acceptability [73,78]. ...
... The infographic thus needs to be clear enough so that it can be delivered as standalone information and could be used to support health care practitioners, when delivering verbal information to pregnant women and parents. Once this is achieved, the infographic has the opportunity to serve a dual purpose of educating parents and health care professionals [73]. ...
Article
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Vitamin D deficiency is a serious public health issue in the United Kingdom. Those at increased risk, such as pregnant women, children under 5 years and people from ethnic groups with dark skin, are not all achieving their recommended vitamin D. Effective vitamin D education is warranted. A qualitative study was undertaken to evaluate the acceptability and understanding of a vitamin D infographic, developed using recommendations from previous research. Fifteen parents/carers, recruited through local playgroups and adverts on popular parent websites, participated in focus groups and telephone interviews. The majority were female, White British and educated to degree level. A thematic analysis methodology was applied. The findings indicated that understanding and acceptability of the infographic were satisfactory, but improvements were recommended to aid interpretation and create more accessible information. These included additional content (what vitamin D is; other sources; its health benefits; methods/doses for administration and scientific symbols used) and improved presentation (eye-catching, less text, simpler language, more images and a logo). Once finalized, the infographic could be a useful tool to educate families around vitamin D supplementation guidelines, support the UK Healthy Start vitamins scheme and help improve vitamin D status for pregnant and lactating women and young children.