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-Photomicrographs of vimentin immunostaining in the cortex (A and B) and medulla (C, D, E and F) of the camel kidney. (A) Arrows: Strong vimentin immunopositive podocytes. Black arrowhead: Immunopositive endothelial cell of a small artery. White arrowhead: Immunopositive endothelial cell of a glomerular arteriole. (B) Black arrow: Strong vimentin immunostaining in a podocyte. Small white arrowhead: Strong vimentin immunostaining in a cell in the parietal layer of a glomerular capsule. Black arrowheads: Vimentin immunonegative cells in the parietal layer. Large white arrowhead: Vimentin immunonegative intraglomerular mesangial cell. Small white arrow: Vimentin immunonegative epithelium of a proximal convoluting tubule. Large white arrow: Vimentin immunonegative epithelium of a distal convoluting tubule. Inset: High magnification of a glomerulus and glomerular capsule. Arrow: Vimentin immunopositive podocyte. (C) White arrowheads: Vimentin immunopositive cells forming the thin limbs of the loop of Henle in superficial nephrons. Arrows: Immunopositive endothelial cells of vasa rectae in the outer medulla. Black arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of thin limbs of the loops of Henle in juxtamedullary nephrons. Inset: Arrow: Immunopositive endothelium of a vasa recta. (D) Arrowheads: Vimentin immunonegative cells lining the thin descending limbs (tD) of loops of Henle in juxtamedullary nephrons. Arrow: Immunopositive endothelium of a vasa recta at the junction between outer and inner regions of the medulla. TD: Thick descending limb of a loop of Henle. (E) White arrows: Immunopositive endothelial cells of vasa rectae in the inner medulla. Black arrows: Immunonegative endothelial cells. Black arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of thin limbs of the loops of Henle of juxtamedullary nephrons. White arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of collecting ducts. (F) Arrows: Immunopositive stromal cells in the interstitial tissue of the medulla. Black arrowheads: Immunopositive stromal cells in the subepithelial connective tissue of a renal papilla. White arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of collecting ducts. Scale bars: 100 µm for A, C; 20 µm for B, D, F; 50 µm for E.

-Photomicrographs of vimentin immunostaining in the cortex (A and B) and medulla (C, D, E and F) of the camel kidney. (A) Arrows: Strong vimentin immunopositive podocytes. Black arrowhead: Immunopositive endothelial cell of a small artery. White arrowhead: Immunopositive endothelial cell of a glomerular arteriole. (B) Black arrow: Strong vimentin immunostaining in a podocyte. Small white arrowhead: Strong vimentin immunostaining in a cell in the parietal layer of a glomerular capsule. Black arrowheads: Vimentin immunonegative cells in the parietal layer. Large white arrowhead: Vimentin immunonegative intraglomerular mesangial cell. Small white arrow: Vimentin immunonegative epithelium of a proximal convoluting tubule. Large white arrow: Vimentin immunonegative epithelium of a distal convoluting tubule. Inset: High magnification of a glomerulus and glomerular capsule. Arrow: Vimentin immunopositive podocyte. (C) White arrowheads: Vimentin immunopositive cells forming the thin limbs of the loop of Henle in superficial nephrons. Arrows: Immunopositive endothelial cells of vasa rectae in the outer medulla. Black arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of thin limbs of the loops of Henle in juxtamedullary nephrons. Inset: Arrow: Immunopositive endothelium of a vasa recta. (D) Arrowheads: Vimentin immunonegative cells lining the thin descending limbs (tD) of loops of Henle in juxtamedullary nephrons. Arrow: Immunopositive endothelium of a vasa recta at the junction between outer and inner regions of the medulla. TD: Thick descending limb of a loop of Henle. (E) White arrows: Immunopositive endothelial cells of vasa rectae in the inner medulla. Black arrows: Immunonegative endothelial cells. Black arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of thin limbs of the loops of Henle of juxtamedullary nephrons. White arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of collecting ducts. (F) Arrows: Immunopositive stromal cells in the interstitial tissue of the medulla. Black arrowheads: Immunopositive stromal cells in the subepithelial connective tissue of a renal papilla. White arrowheads: Immunonegative cells of collecting ducts. Scale bars: 100 µm for A, C; 20 µm for B, D, F; 50 µm for E.

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Intermediate filaments belong to a large family of proteins which contribute to the formation of the cytoskeleton. The immunolocalization of cytoskeletal proteins has been used extensively in the diagnosis of various renal pathologies. The present study described the immunolocalization of the cytoskeletal proteins vimentin, desmin, smooth muscle ac...

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... vimentin immunostaining was demonstrated in podocytes which formed the visceral layer of the glomerular capsule (Fig. 2 A, B). Immunoreactivity was strong to moderate in cells forming the parietal layer of the glomerular capsule. However, interspersed between the vimentin immunoreactive cells were non-reactive cells (Fig. 2B). The thin limbs of the loops of Henle in cortical nephrons displayed strong vimentin immunoreactivity (Fig. 2C), whereas those of the ...
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... vimentin immunostaining was demonstrated in podocytes which formed the visceral layer of the glomerular capsule (Fig. 2 A, B). Immunoreactivity was strong to moderate in cells forming the parietal layer of the glomerular capsule. However, interspersed between the vimentin immunoreactive cells were non-reactive cells (Fig. 2B). The thin limbs of the loops of Henle in cortical nephrons displayed strong vimentin immunoreactivity (Fig. 2C), whereas those of the juxtamedullary nephrons were non-reactive to vimentin (Fig. 2C, D and ...
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... of the glomerular capsule (Fig. 2 A, B). Immunoreactivity was strong to moderate in cells forming the parietal layer of the glomerular capsule. However, interspersed between the vimentin immunoreactive cells were non-reactive cells (Fig. 2B). The thin limbs of the loops of Henle in cortical nephrons displayed strong vimentin immunoreactivity (Fig. 2C), whereas those of the juxtamedullary nephrons were non-reactive to vimentin (Fig. 2C, D and ...
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... in cells forming the parietal layer of the glomerular capsule. However, interspersed between the vimentin immunoreactive cells were non-reactive cells (Fig. 2B). The thin limbs of the loops of Henle in cortical nephrons displayed strong vimentin immunoreactivity (Fig. 2C), whereas those of the juxtamedullary nephrons were non-reactive to vimentin (Fig. 2C, D and ...
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... cells of renal blood vessels were predominantly immunoreactive to vimentin. In the cortex, these immunoreactive endothelial cells appeared to be mainly confined to cortical arteries and glomerular arterioles ( Fig. 2A). In the medulla, strong immunoreactivity for vimentin was observed in the endothelial cells of the vasa rectae (Fig. 2C, D and E). However, in the medulla a few vasa rectae were lined by endothelia that non-reactive to vimentin (Fig. ...
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... cells of renal blood vessels were predominantly immunoreactive to vimentin. In the cortex, these immunoreactive endothelial cells appeared to be mainly confined to cortical arteries and glomerular arterioles ( Fig. 2A). In the medulla, strong immunoreactivity for vimentin was observed in the endothelial cells of the vasa rectae (Fig. 2C, D and E). However, in the medulla a few vasa rectae were lined by endothelia that non-reactive to vimentin (Fig. ...
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... endothelial cells appeared to be mainly confined to cortical arteries and glomerular arterioles ( Fig. 2A). In the medulla, strong immunoreactivity for vimentin was observed in the endothelial cells of the vasa rectae (Fig. 2C, D and E). However, in the medulla a few vasa rectae were lined by endothelia that non-reactive to vimentin (Fig. ...
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... cells in the interstitial tissue of the medulla and subepithelial connective tissue of the renal papilla exhibited strong immunoreactivity for vimentin (Fig. 2F). In addition, moderate to weak vimentin immunostaining was observed in fibroblasts located in the renal capsule, as well as in the trabeculae between ...
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... vimentin immunoreactivity was observed in the intraglomerular mesangial cells, epithelium of proximal and distal tubules (Fig. 2B), and collecting ducts (Fig. 2E, ...
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... vimentin immunoreactivity was observed in the intraglomerular mesangial cells, epithelium of proximal and distal tubules (Fig. 2B), and collecting ducts (Fig. 2E, ...