Figures
Explore figures and images from publications
Fig 3 - uploaded by Pankaj Kumar Thanvi
Content may be subject to copyright.
Photograph showing floor of mouth cavity of camel. Vt -Ventral surface of tongue, Fl -Frenulum linguae, Hpc -Horny papillae of cheek, Hrm -Horizontal ramus of mandible, V -Vestibule, Ll -Lower lip.

Photograph showing floor of mouth cavity of camel. Vt -Ventral surface of tongue, Fl -Frenulum linguae, Hpc -Horny papillae of cheek, Hrm -Horizontal ramus of mandible, V -Vestibule, Ll -Lower lip.

Source publication
Article
Full-text available
The present study was conducted on tongues obtained from 10 cadavers of adult camels (Camelus dromedarius). Gross anatomical features were studied. The tongue of camel was muscular and spatula shaped, comprised of 3 parts - the apex, body and the root. The mean length of tongue was 41.21 ± 0.527 cm. A median groove was present on the dorsal surface...

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... tongue of the camel had light pink appearance of dorsal surface and grayish pink ventral surface (Figs 1 and 2). Black pigmented patches or spots were occasionally found on the ventral surface of the tip and body (Fig 3). Whereas pigmented spots on the dorsum of mucous membrane of tongue of ox were reported by Sisson and Grossman (1958). ...
Context 2
... findings were also reported by Raghavan (1964) in ox. The ventral surface of the free part of the tongue was attached to the floor of the oral cavity by a median fold of mucosa, the frenulum linguae which was extended from caudal end of lyssa to 1 -2 cm rostrally to the 1 st premolar (Fig 3). It was in congruence with the observations of Gupta et al (1989) in buffalo, Ye et al (2008) in Bactrian camel and El-Bakary and Abumandour (2017) in Egyptian water buffalo. ...

Citations

... One of these adaptations is that the dromedary camel has very sturdy mouth to maintain the efficient feeding of thorny and rough-stem plants which naturally grow in the arid regions (El Sharaby et al., 2012). In addition, several studies on the mouth of camel have described the anatomical features of camel tongue (Qayyum et al., 1988;Takehana et al., 2001;Peng et al., 2008;Salehi et al., 2010;El Sharaby et al., 2012;Thanvi et al., 2020). With regards to its dorsal surface, similar to ruminants, the tongue of camel is characterized by the presence of fungiform and vallate papillae, and the lack of foliate papillae as well (Thanvi et al., 2020). ...
... In addition, several studies on the mouth of camel have described the anatomical features of camel tongue (Qayyum et al., 1988;Takehana et al., 2001;Peng et al., 2008;Salehi et al., 2010;El Sharaby et al., 2012;Thanvi et al., 2020). With regards to its dorsal surface, similar to ruminants, the tongue of camel is characterized by the presence of fungiform and vallate papillae, and the lack of foliate papillae as well (Thanvi et al., 2020). ...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed at investigating the histological structures of the vallate papillae of the tongue of the dromedary camel. Samples were taken from the tongues of 5 healthy adult dromedary camels, then processed by standard routine histological technique. The vallate papillae were broad, encircled by a distinctive sulcus, and exhibited concave dorsal surfaces. The papillae were covered with stratified squamous epithelium which was made up of several layers of cells arranged from the basement membrane to the outer surface as follows: basal layer; spinosum layer; squamous layer; corneum layer. The lamina propria sub mucosa showed two well-defined layers. The first one was located beneath the epithelium and characterized by loose connective tissue. The second layer was much thicker and composed mainly of dense irregular collagenous fibres. Deep to the circumvallate papilla was a group of prominent tubulo-acinar glands (von Ebner’s glands). The main ducts of the glands opened directly into the surrounding sulcus at different levels. In general, the histological structures of the vallate papillae of the dromedary camel were similar to those of other domestic mammals. The well-developed von Ebner’s glands suggested their abundant serous secretion that reflected on the high capability of gustation.