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Peinture néolithique rupestre de la Cueva de la Araña (Valence, Espagne ;-5000 av. J.-C.) représentant la "cueillette" du miel par une silhouette féminine..

Peinture néolithique rupestre de la Cueva de la Araña (Valence, Espagne ;-5000 av. J.-C.) représentant la "cueillette" du miel par une silhouette féminine..

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The new classification of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Apiformes) or the fall of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) from its pedestal. In this article, the author provides a historical review of classification and phylogeny of bees. Recent work suggests the paraphyly of Melittidae and their basal position in the bee tree, questioning the classificati...

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... longtemps, de nombreuses sociétés utilisent le miel comme principale source de sucre. Une des premières représentations d'insecte réalisée par l'homme montre d'ailleurs une silhouette féminine récoltant du miel dans une crevasse, entourée d'abeilles sommairement représentées ( Figure 1). Par ailleurs, l'observation du travail acharné des ouvrières a fasciné de nombreux curieux, intellectuels ou scientifiques. ...

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... Cet insecte est l'un des animaux les plus étudiés en dehors de Drosophila melanogaster, les souris blanches , et bien sûr les êtres humains (Grimaldi 2005). C'est sur son étude que se sont longtemps basées l'apidologie et la systématique des abeilles (Michez 2007a). L'abeille mellifère est une espèce qui vit en colonie composée de 40 000 à 60 000 individus. ...
... Cette colonie se compose d'une reine, seule femelle reproductrice, d'ouvrières et, au printemps et en été, de mâles appelés « faux-bourdons » (Pouvreau 2004). La classification centrée sur l'abeille mellifère, peut s'expliquer par l'intérêt qu'elle représente grâce à l'exploitation des produits de la ruche, la facilité d'observation du travail des ouvrières (Michener 2007;Michez 2007a), ainsi que le rapport aussi privilégié entre l'abeille mellifère et l'Homme que peu d'insectes présente. Depuis longtemps, le miel est utilisé comme principale source de sucre par de nombreuses sociétés. ...
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... Les abeilles, avec un nombre d'espèces compris entre 20 000 et 30 000 dans le monde et environ 1 000 en France dénombrées en 6 familles (Rasmont et al. 1995 ;Michener 2000 ; Apis mellifera L. Cette classification centré sur l'abeille domestique peut s'expliquer par avant tout par l'exploitation des produits même de la ruche et par les nombreuses observations du travail des ouvrières par des amateurs, des apicultuers ou des scientifiques (Michez 2007). La première classification moderne des abeilles est présentée dans la thèse de doctorat de Charles D. Michener (Michener 1944) (Michener 2000). ...
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