Path diagram of latent variables.

Path diagram of latent variables.

Source publication
Article
Full-text available
High levels of economic inequality are widely viewed as a key challenge facing both advanced industrial and developing economies. Country-level studies have consistently shown a negative link between income inequality and trust in others. This is typically attributed to greater social distance within unequal societies. Do we observe similar relatio...

Context in source publication

Context 1
... factor analysis was conducted to assess validity and reliability of the measurement model. The measurement model comprised three latent variables: trust, fairness and a measure for the exchange relationship between employees and managers for sensitivity analysis (see Figure 3). To standardise results, the variance for both manifest and latent variables was fixed at 1. Initially, a theoretical measurement model was tested wherein individual items were allowed to load on their hypothesised latent constructs. ...

Similar publications

Article
Full-text available
Machine learning (ML) algorithms are widely used to develop predictive frameworks. Accurate prediction of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) age of onset (ADAOO) is crucial to investigate potential treatments, follow-up, and therapeutic interventions. Although genetic and non-genetic factors affecting ADAOO were elucidated by other research groups and ours,...

Citations

... The influence of trade unions beyond workplace boundaries is well-documented in the employment relations literature (Budd et al., 2018;Lamare, 2010), particularly at a time of economic crisis (Hickland & Dundon, 2016;Johnstone et al., 2019;Roche & Teague, 2012). It is underscored by the predisposition of collective bargaining to deliberative decision-making, democratic, cooperative behaviors in the workplace underpinned by trust between employers, employees, and their representatives (Schulz et al., 2021;Wilkinson et al., 2014;Wilkinson & Wood, 2012). Job support schemes during the pandemic were contingent on employers' cooperation and willingness to partake (Adams-Prassl et al., 2020;Stuart et al., 2021). ...
Article
Full-text available
This article reveals the extent of international inequalities in the immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on participation in paid work. Drawing on World Systems Theory (WST) and a novel quasi-experimental analysis of nationally representative household panel surveys across 20 countries, the study finds a much sharper increase in the likelihood of dropping out of paid work in semiperiphery and periphery states relative to core states. We establish a causal link between such international disparities and the early trajectories of state interventions in the labor market. Further analysis demonstrates that within all three world systems delayed, less stringent interventions in the labor market were enabled by right-wing populism but mitigated by the strength of active labor market policies and collective bargaining.
... A related phenomenon concerning management attitudes towards worker representative voice is the importance of trust-building between the parties (e.g. Kougiannou et al., 2015;Kougiannou et al., 2021;Schulz et al., 2021;Timming, 2009). However, underplayed in the trust literature is the influence of managerial prerogative (control) and managers' attitudes towards employee representatives. ...
Article
Full-text available
Managerial attitudes are often seen as critical to sustainable employee participation practices, yet very little is known about how managers act within employee voice fora. We examine managements' decision to actively consult with employees, and by doing so contribute to industrial relations debates concerning the role of managerial prerogative and trust to better understand the attitudes of managers towards elected employee representatives. Using evidence from a 2-year longitudinal study of non-union employee representation, we report on how managements' perception of risk about sharing information with employee representatives influences their decision as to how to consult with employees. The findings show that managers can be unwilling to share information with employee representatives, which constrains the depth and scope of consultation. The role of management decision-makers, typically the I&C fora Chairperson, is highlighted as champion for, or obstacle to, consultation. Lastly, the data illustrate that I&C is viewed by management as a lower strategic organizational priority, and how extending worker voice is constrained by the importance management place on This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Article
Management scholarship is beginning to grapple with the growing popularity of machine learning (ML) as an analytical tool. While quantitative research in our discipline remains heavily influenced by positivist thinking and statistical modelling underpinned by null hypothesis significance testing, ML is increasingly used to solve technical, computationally demanding problems. In this paper, we argue for a wider, more systematic adoption of the key tenets of ML in quantitative management scholarship, both in conjunction with and, where appropriate, as an alternative to canonical forms of statistical modelling. We discuss how ML can extend the boundaries of quantitative management scholarship, help management scholars to unpack complex phenomena, and improve the overall trustworthiness of quantitative research. The paper provides a representative review of the use of ML to date and uses a worked example to demonstrate the value of ML for management scholarship.