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Participatory design approaches (Muller and Kuhn 1993) 

Participatory design approaches (Muller and Kuhn 1993) 

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ICT healthcare design in rural China is a special topic in product development, and various outputs about ICT, healthcare and rural China from literature are relevant to it. In this paper the author reviews those publications and defines three domains: Design for Base of the Pyramid, User Centered Design and ICT healthcare design. After studying th...

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... design is another frequently used industrial design approach that attempts to actively involve the end users in the design process to help ensure that the product designed meets their needs and is usable. (Schuler and Namioka, 1997) In this definition, potentially end-users will be invited to participate in several stages of an innovation process: they participate during the initial exploration and problem definition both to help define the problem and to focus ideas for solution, and during development. They help evaluate proposed solutions as well. Participatory design can be seen as a move of users into the world of designers and researchers according to demand of involve community opinions in major decision-making (Wheeler, 2004). Muller and Kuhn (Muller and Kuhn, 1993) had concluded many participatory designs related methods and tools into one graph ( figure 2): the X-axis is the design process from early stage to late stage and the Y- axis is the participatory level of users. There are three kinds of customer participatory approaches (Matti Kaulio, 1998) in product development: Design for customer, Design with customer and Design by customer. ...