Figure 4 - uploaded by Dimitrios S. Dendrinos

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# Parthenon's Southern corner of the entablature's Eastern pediment. The estimated about 13 (12.7 to be exact) basis angle of the Parthenon's pediment (formed by the ΣΙΜΑ framing the ΤΥΜΠΑΝΟΝ) is shown above. It is the place where the architects ΚΑΛΛΙΚΡΑΤΗΣ and ΙΚΤΙΝΟΣ embedded one of the constituent angles of the Temple. Source of photo: public domain.

Source publication

A novel view of the Parthenon’s structure is taken in this paper. Instead of analyzing the Parthenon’s final configuration, either in its various reconstructions or in its current condition, the study draws the Temple’s 3-d skeletal structure. Based on that sketch plan, the Parthenon’s modulus and its grid pattern are derived. In closely examining...

## Contexts in source publication

**Context 1**

... is noted that the angle found on the Parthenon's pediment, see Figure 4, is close to 12.7. It is the angle formed by the sima (ΣΙΜΑ) at the two bottom corners of the tympanum (ΤΥΜΠΑΝΟΝ), at the pediment's structure. ...

**Context 2**

... step in these instructions was the derivation of the angle shown at the Parthenon's two pediments, the Southern corner of the Eastern pediment shown in Figure 4. The various discrepancies observed between the actual components and the fractions or multiples of various ancient Greek units measuring lengths are due to the formation of the structure obeying these instructions. ...

**Context 3**

... various discrepancies observed between the actual components and the fractions or multiples of various ancient Greek units measuring lengths are due to the formation of the structure obeying these instructions. The exact replication of the three core angles and the pediment's angle of Figure 4 are evidence that these triangles, angles and instructions were the starting steps of the design process, whereby the final skeletal form was heuristically derived. ...

**Context 4**

... concluding this study, it would had been imprudent if one were not to check whether the three key right triangles of the Parthenon's skeletal structure, as well as half of the triangle embedded at the Temple's pediments (shown in part in Figure 4) are in fact Primitive Pythagorean Triples (PPTs). The author demonstrated in his paper on Le Grand Menec monument of standing stones at Carnac, Brittany (see reference [1.4]), that a tradition in monumental Architecture may have existed, even prior to Pythagoras, that could possibly entail at least some knowledge and potentially some minimum understanding of PPTs since the 5 th millennium BC. ...