Table 1 - uploaded by Pedro Vidinha
Content may be subject to copyright.
Optimized conditions for electrospinning of choline-based IJ solutions

Optimized conditions for electrospinning of choline-based IJ solutions

Source publication
Article
Full-text available
We report a method to obtain electrospun fibers based on ionic liquids and gelatin, exhibiting antimicrobial properties.

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... optimized conditions for the electrospinning of IJ using choline-based ILs are presented in Table 1. ...
Context 2
... morphology can be evaluated by SEM images. Fig. 1 reveals that the electrospinning of choline-based IJ solutions under conditions described in Table 1 yielded sub-micrometer, defectless and bead-free bers. In line with previous observa- tions, images suggest that changing the IL does not have a signicant effect on ber morphology (Fig. 2-4). ...

Similar publications

Citations

... Ion jelly R , formed from gelatine and ionic liquid (including a range of cholinium-based ionic liquids), has been shown to be extremely versatile, with applications including selective membranes, gas separation, conductive coatings for textiles, development of antimicrobial fibers, solid-state electrochromic systems, and as a gas sensor ( Vidinha et al., 2008;Nuno et al., 2011;Couto et al., 2013Couto et al., , 2015Rana et al., 2013;Santos et al., 2013;Carvalho et al., 2014;Benedetti et al., 2015). Gelatine-based ionogels have also been partnered with silver oxide nanoparticles to generate microbe-resistant and highly stretchable materials that are also self-healing and have shapememory ( Singh et al., 2017). ...
Article
Full-text available
Biopolymer processing and handling is greatly facilitated by the use of ionic liquids, given the increased solubility, and in some cases, structural stability imparted to these molecules. Focussing on proteins, we highlight here not just the key drivers behind protein-ionic liquid interactions that facilitate these functionalities, but address relevant current and potential applications of protein-ionic liquid interactions, including areas of future interest.
... Previous studies on the production of electrospun gelatin fibers were used as reference. Zhang et al. reported that gelatin produces good fibers in a concentration between 30 and 50% (w/v) (28), while Santos et al. concluded that a concentration of 30% (w/v) was adequate for fiber formation (29). In line with these results, in this present study, uniform and smooth fibers were obtained with both 30 and 35% (w/v) gelatin. ...
... Gelatin fibers when submitted to stress conditions assumed a straight configuration (29). However, when the stress is removed, fibers assume a more disorganized configuration (Fig. 1). ...
... Gelatin is an elastomer and produces fibers with different conformations, being the helix the most typical shape observed (29)(30)(31)(32). However, variations in electrospinning parameters are responsible for other conformations, e.g. ...
Article
Fast-dissolving delivery systems (FDDS) have received increasing attention in the last years. Oral drug delivery is still the preferred route for the administration of pharmaceutical ingredients. Nevertheless, some patients, e.g. children or elderly people, have difficulties in swallowing solid tablets. In this work, gelatin membranes were produced by electrospinning, containing an encapsulated therapeutic deep-eutectic solvent (THEDES) composed by choline chloride/mandelic acid, in a 1:2 molar ratio. A gelatin solution (30% w/v) with 2% (v/v) of THEDES was used to produce electrospun fibers and the experimental parameters were optimized. Due to the high surface area of polymer fibers, this type of construct has wide applicability. With no cytotoxicity effect, and showing a fast-dissolving release profile in PBS, the gelatin fibers with encapsulated THEDES seem to have promising applications in the development of new drug delivery systems.
... The developed system had enhanced thermal stability and ensured a fast release of the API. Also dos Santos et al. have reported on the production of antimicrobial ionic gel fibres with chloride mandelate [10]. ...
Article
Full-text available
A therapeutic deep eutectic system (THEDES) is here defined as a deep eutectic solvent (DES) having an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) as one of the components. In this work, THEDESs are proposed as enhanced transporters and delivery vehicles for bioactive molecules. THEDESs based on choline chloride (ChCl) or menthol conjugated with three different APIs, namely acetylsalicylic acid (AA), benzoic acid (BA) and phenylacetic acid (PA), were synthesized and characterized for thermal behaviour, structural features, dissolution rate and antibacterial activity. Differential scanning calorimetry and polarized optical microscopy showed that ChCl:PA (1:1), ChCl:AA (1:1), menthol:AA (3:1), menthol:BA (3:1), menthol:PA (2:1) and menthol:PA (3:1) were liquid at room temperature. Dissolution studies in PBS led to increased dissolution rates for the APIs when in the form of THEDES, compared to the API alone. The increase in dissolution rate was particularly noticeable for menthol-based THEDES. Antibacterial activity was assessed using both Gram-positive and Gram-negative model organisms. The results show that all the THEDESs retain the antibacterial activity of the API. Overall, our results highlight the great potential of THEDES as dissolution enhancers in the development of novel and more effective drug delivery systems.
... The technique is able to process mixtures of polymers or polymers carrying nonspinnable materials, so allowing a high degree of flexibility in the design of functional mats or membranes [9]. Electrospinning has been used to prepare nanofibrous scaffolds for gas and liquid filtration that benefits from adjustable functionality to prepare materials incorporating antimicrobial activity [10] and [11]. ...
Article
Full-text available
The use of electrospun polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) nanofibers containing silver, copper, and zinc nanoparticles was studied to prepare antimicrobial mats using silver and copper nitrates and zinc acetate as precursors. Silver became reduced during electrospinning and formed nanoparticles of several tens of nanometers. Silver nanoparticles and the insoluble forms of copper and zinc were dispersed using low molecular weight PVP as capping agent. High molecular weight PVP formed uniform fibers with a narrow distribution of diameters around 500nm. The fibers were converted into an insoluble network using ultraviolet irradiation crosslinking. The efficiency of metal-loaded mats against the bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus was tested for different metal loadings by measuring the inhibition of colony forming units and the staining with fluorescent probes for metabolic viability and compromised membranes. The assays included the culture in contact with mats and the direct staining of surface attached microorganisms. The results indicated a strong inhibition for silver-loaded fibers and the absence of significant amounts of viable but non-culturable microorganisms. Copper and zinc-loaded mats also decreased the metabolic activity and cell viability, although in a lesser extent. Metal-loaded fibers allowed the slow release of the soluble forms of the three metals. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
... For the purpose of this work we have chosen Ion Jelly. This particular combination of ILs with gelatin has been shown to be an interesting and promising strategy not only to prepare transparent, flexible and conducting materials for different electrochemical devices [22][23][24][25], but also as an enzyme immobilization matrix [26], separation membrane [27] and even a drug delivery system [28]. Moreover, gelatin is soluble in water above 35 1C being jellified upon cooling. ...
Article
Full-text available
Several hydrogel materials have been proposed for drug delivery systems and other purposes as interfacial materials, such as components for fuel cells and immobilization of biomolecules. In the present work, two materials, an ion sol-gel, based on 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, and an ion jelly (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate) film deposited on carbon screen-printed electrodes, were electrochemically characterized. The electrode kinetics of ion jelly and ion sol-gel materials were compared by using ferrocyanide/ferricyanide redox reaction couple as a model redox process. Diffusion coefficients were calculated and compared to those obtained with the model redox couple in non-modified electrodes. Results pointed to a decrease of two and four orders of magnitude in the diffusion coefficients, respectively, for ion jelly and ion sol-gel film modified electrodes. Heterogeneous electron transfer constants for the ferrocyanide/ferricyanide ion redox process were also determined for modified and non-modified electrodes, in which the ion sol-gel film modified electrode presented the lower values. This work sought to contribute to the understanding of these materials’ properties, with emphasis on their diffusion, conductivity, and electrochemical behavior, namely reversibility, transfer coefficients, and kinetics, and optimize the most suitable properties for different possible applications, such as drug delivery.
Article
In this work the physicochemical properties of newly obtained mixtures (ChM) based on choline acetate (ChAc)/chloride (ChCl) as a hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA) and carboxylic acids (oxalic (OxA), malonic (MA), citric (CA), acetic (AA), formic (FA))/ urea (U) as a hydrogen bond donors (HBD) are discussed. NMR study showed slow reaction between choline and carboxylic acid, leading to obtain ester and water. After 3 weeks of synthesis, water content (wH2O) increased ca. 1.4 and 1.9 times for ChAc+FA and ChAc+OxA respectively. This factor is acid strength (as HBD) dependents. Moreover, the results clearly shown that wH2O can be rapidly determined based on the measurements of the refractive index. The densities of the examined systems are in the range 1.084–1.296 g·cm⁻³ at 298.15 K, while kinematic viscosity at the same temperature varies from ca. 19 cSt to 2190 cSt for ChAc+FA and ChAc+CA respectively. The highest conductivity was measured in ChCl+FA system and equaled 14.60 mS·cm⁻¹.
Article
Full-text available
We report the correlation between key solution properties and spinability of chitin from the ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C2mim][OAc]) and the similarities and differences to electrospinning solutions of nonionic polymers in volatile organic compounds (VOCs). We found that when electrospinning is conducted from ILs, conductivity and surface tension are not the key parameters regulating spinability, while solution viscosity and polymer concentration are. Contrarily, for electrospinning of polymers from VOCs, solution conductivity and viscosity have been reported to be among some of the most important factors controlling fiber formation. For chitin electrospun from [C2mim][OAc], we found both a critical chitin concentration required for continuous fiber formation (>0.20 wt %) and a required viscosity for the spinning solution (between ca. 450-1500 cP). The high viscosities of the biopolymer-IL solutions made it possible to electrospin solutions with low, less than 1 wt %, polymer concentration and produce thin fibers without the need to adjust the electrospinning parameters. These results suggest new prospects for the control of fiber architecture in nonwoven mats, which is crucial for materials performance.
Article
Full-text available
Ionic liquids (ILs), such as hydroxylammonium acetate ([NH3OH][OAc]), can reactively demineralize and remove proteins from shrimp shells in an efficient one-pot pulping process, thus allowing the isolation of native chitin with >80% purity and a high degree of acetylation and crystallinity. Compared to a previously reported IL extraction using 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, [C2mim][OAc], these less expensive ILs can achieve comparable chitin yields and purity, at up to ten times the biomass loading, although potentially result in lower molecular weight (MW) chitin. Because the IL is not recovered or recycled, the cost can additionally be further reduced by the sequential addition of hydroxylamine and acetic acid (or vice versa) to conduct the pulping process in situ. Though each methodology results in a comparable yields and purity of chitin material, the varying production costs and process safety issues are still unknown. This work presents a step toward narrowing the choices for chitin isolation technologies that can lead to an economically and environmentally sustainable process replacing the current hazardous, energy consuming, and environmentally unsafe process.