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Number of goals scored by substitutes (FIFA World Cup tournaments: 1998-2014)

Number of goals scored by substitutes (FIFA World Cup tournaments: 1998-2014)

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This study analysed the 795 goals scored during a total of 320 matches played in five successive FIFA World Cup tournaments (1998–2014). Data were obtained through YouTube videos and analysed by means of Longomatch software. The variables analysed included the number of goals scored per half (45‐min period), per 15‐min period, and per 30‐min period...

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... Moreover, HSR and sprinting distances were also found to reduce towards the end of the game and temporarily after intense periods [ 1 , 9 ] . In particular, these periods coincide with the last 10-15 min of each half when higher frequency of goals are scored during a match [ 10 ] . On an individual level, the ability to repeatedly cope with the high-intensity demands of the match and to eff ectively execute their tactical role may ultimately represent an asset to gain advantages in attacking and defensive situations over the opponents [ 11 ] . ...
... Playing rules, playing area, number of players, players' density, inclusion or exclusion of goalkeepers and exercise:rest ratios are all key aspects to consider with the aim to induce specifi c locomotor demands and associated physiological responses [ 32 -35 ] . In this context, effi cient development and maintenance of HSR and sprinting capabilities can be attained by implementing the following game formats and associated designs: a) 1 vs. 1 or 2 vs. 2 formats with mini goals (1.5 × 2 m) played in either long-narrow or long-wide pitches with a low player density ranging between 200-300 m 2 per player; b) Repetitive bouts (4-8 games) of relative short duration (30-60") and recovery (60-150") to ensure an exercise:rest ratio ranging between 1:2 and 1:5; c) Medium (7 vs. 7 and 8 vs. 8) and large-sided games (10 vs. 10) of longer duration (> 4 min) played on pitches with a player density around 300 m 2 per player allow to cover similar HSR distanced covered in a match. ...
... Una ragione plausibile di questa differenza potrebbe essere dovuta al fatto che, verso il termine della partita, soprattutto nel caso di un torneo ad eliminazione diretta di livello internazionale, le squadre che inseguono il pareggio tendono ad avere un maggiore fretta di ottenere un risultato positivo che permetta loro di rimanere nella competizione, e a causa di ciò il portiere potrebbe venire coinvolto maggiormente nella manovra, in maniera non dissimile da quanto accade per altri ruoli coperti dai giocatori di movimento. 30,31 Di conseguenza, quando si sta cercando di raggiungere il pareggio, il portiere ha più probabilità di rappresentare un'opzione addizionale nella fase di costruzione del gioco e di generare eventualmente superiorità numerica allo scopo di aprire degli spazi e farsi largo all'interno della difesa avversaria. Pertanto, mentre la posizione in campo dei portieri non è stata specificamente contemplata da questo studio, le distanze più lunghe coperte durante la fase offensiva potrebbero essere il risultato della tendenza dei portieri a lasciare l'area di rigore e a spostarsi più in alto, verso il centrocampo, nel tentativo di venire coinvolti maggiormente nella manovra offensiva. ...
... A plausible reason for this difference could be that towards the end of a match, especially during an international knockout tournament, trailing teams tend to have a greater sense of urgency to get a positive result and stay in the competition, and therefore the GK may become more actively involved in the game play, similar to outfield players. 30,31 As a result, when trailing in a match the GK may be more likely to provide an additional option in the build-up play and cause an overload to identify space and penetrate the opposition. Therefore, while GKs' pitch location was not specifically measured in this study, the longer distances covered in attacking phases of play may be a result of GKs tending to leave the penalty area and moving further up the pitch in order to become more involved with attacking phases of play. ...
Article
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse match performance of goalkeepers (GKs) during the 2019 COPA America soccer championship. METHODS: A total of 28 match observations were analyzed using the InStat ® tracking system. Descriptive statistics (i.e., means and standard deviations), effect size (ES) and an independent t-test were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Results indicated that GKs covered a mean total distance of 4675 m (minimum =3262 m; maximum =6181 m) per match. GKs of teams that won significantly had higher averages than GKs of teams that lost on the following technical variables: shots saved (%) (85.48±21.59; P=0.001; ES=1.42) and hand passes (%) (100±1.00; P=0.04; ES=0.82). In contrast, GKs of teams that lost significantly had higher averages on opponent's shots (11.79±4.00; P=0.03; ES=0.85) and passes (24.71±6.68; P=0.05; ES=0.77) than those of teams that won. CONCLUSIONS: The present observations have practical implications for designing training programs and in-game tactics for GKs.
... Birçok çalışma müsabakalardaki gollerin zamanını farklı açılardan incelemiştir (Gürkan vd., 2017;Njororai, 2014;Çobanoğlu & Terekli, 2018;Armatas vd., 2007;Evangelos vd., 2018;Göral & Saygın, 2012;2014;Kubayi & Toriola, 2019;Muhamad vd., 2013;Göral, 2016;Plummer, 2013;Njororai, 2013;Vergonis vd., 2019;Tousios vd., 2018;Çobanoğlu, 2019;Göral, 2015;Başkaya & Şentürk, 2017;Çebi vd., 2016). Farklı zaman aralıklarında atılan ve yenilen gollerin, takımların lig performansına etkisi farklı açılardan değerlendirilmiştir. ...
... Gürkan vd. (2017: 143) Kubayi & Toriola (2019: 233) 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010 ve 2014 yılında organize edilen FIFA Dünya Kupası organizasyonlarında oynanan müsabakalarda, farklı zaman dilimlerinde atılan golleri analiz ettikleri çalışmalarında, tüm organizasyonlarda en fazla sayıda golün müsabakaların son bölümünde (76-90 dk. aralığında) atıldığını (196 gol, toplam atılan gol sayısının % 24,7'si) ortaya koymuşlardır. ...
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The soccer teams use effectively match analysis for increase match performance. The goal analysis may provide important informations about teams in the context of match analysis. The aim of this study was considered of analysis relationship between league performance and goal time of teams in 2018-2019 soccer season of Turkey Super League. In 2018-2019 soccer season, the time of goals scored and conceded in total 306 matches of 18 team at Turkey Super League was obtained from match records at official web page of Turkish Football Federation. The teams were categorized to three groups according to ranking at end of league (1-6, 7-12, and 13-18 ranking), number of won (16-20, 11-15 and 6-10 match) and lost match (5-9, 10-14 and 15-19 match). The intergroup comparisons of goals scored and conceded at different time intervals of matches were performed by the one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA). The relationship between number of the total goals scored and conceded in all, home and away matches and the number of goals scored and conceded in different time intervals was analyzed by Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis. The results revealed that the number of goals scoring during second half of matches of the teams with better league performance was higher (p<0.05). However, it was seen that the number of goals conceded in second half of matches was lower for the teams with less number of lost match (p<0.05). It was indicated that variance on number of total goal scored and conceded was explained with high rate by number of goal scored and conceded in second half of home and away matches (variance explanation proportions: goal scored in home match: 62,9% ; goal scored in away match: 74,2% ; goal conceded in home match: 52,2% ; goal conceded in away match: 72,9% , p<0.05). The analysis results indicated that the proportion of number of goal scored and conceded in second half of matches inside number of total goal scored and conceded was high in 2018-2019 season of Turkey Super League. Consequently, it may be concluded that the league performance of teams is highly related to the number of goals scored and conceded in the second half of matches. The using the goal time analysis, the coaches may analyze the structure of the league and determine the optimal match tactics.
... Moreover, HSR and sprinting distances were also found to reduce towards the end of the game and temporarily after intense periods [1,9]. In particular, these periods coincide with the last 10-15 min of each half when higher frequency of goals are scored during a match [10]. On an individual level, the ability to repeatedly cope with the high-intensity demands of the match and to effectively execute their tactical role may ultimately represent an asset to gain advantages in attacking and defensive situations over the opponents [11]. ...
... Playing rules, playing area, number of players, players' density, inclusion or exclusion of goalkeepers and exercise:rest ratios are all key aspects to consider with the aim to induce specific locomotor demands and associated physiological responses [32][33][34][35]. In this context, efficient development and maintenance of HSR and sprinting capabilities can be attained by implementing the following game formats and associated designs: a) 1 vs. 1 or 2 vs. 2 formats with mini goals (1.5 × 2 m) played in either long-narrow or long-wide pitches with a low player density ranging between 200-300 m 2 per player; b) Repetitive bouts (4-8 games) of relative short duration (30-60") and recovery (60-150") to ensure an exercise:rest ratio ranging between 1:2 and 1:5; c) Medium (7 vs. 7 and 8 vs. 8) and large-sided games (10 vs. 10) of longer duration (> 4 min) played on pitches with a player density around 300 m 2 per player allow to cover similar HSR distanced covered in a match. ...
Article
High-speed running and sprinting training play an important role in the development of physical capabilities, sport-specific performance and injury prevention among soccer players. This commentary aims to summarize the current evidence regarding high-speed running and sprinting training in professional soccer and to inform its implementation in research and applied settings. It is structured into four sections: 1) Evidence-based high-speed running and sprinting conditioning methodologies; 2) Monitoring of high-speed running and sprinting performance in soccer 3) Recommendations for effective implementation of high-speed running and sprinting training in applied soccer settings; 4) Limitations and future directions. The contemporary literature provides preliminary methodological guidelines for coaches and practitioners. The recommended methods to ensure high-speed running and sprinting exposure for both conditioning purposes and injury prevention strategies among soccer players are: high-intensity running training, field-based drills and ball-drills in the form of medium- and large-sided games. Global navigation satellite systems are valid and reliable technologies for high-speed running and sprinting monitoring practice. Future research is required to refine, and advance training practices aimed at optimizing individual high-speed running and sprinting training responses and associated long-term effects.
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The study aimed to analyze the temporal incidence of goals in a state competition and the relationship of the opening goal with final match scores in different age/competitive levels. We analyzed 526 matches from the under-15, under-17, under-20 and professional levels from three state soccer tournaments in 2018, held in the state of Rio de Janeiro, were analyzed. Data was obtained through the website of the Rio de Janeiro State Soccer Federation. Descriptive analysis (means and standard deviation) and the Shapiro-Wilk normality test were performed. The Kruskal Wallis (non-parametric data) and ANOVA (parametric data) tests were performed to compare goals according to time interval. The association between the opening goal and the final match score was verified using the Friedman test. The Wilcoxon test was used for pairwise comparisons. The significance level was set at p <0.05. No significant differences between the time intervals were observed regarding the incidence of goals. With respect to the association between the opening goal and the final match score, significant differences were found (p <0.001) for all age levels in the comparison between wins and losses and in the comparison between wins and draws. It was possible to infer that scoring the opening goal may increase a team’s probability of winning the match.
Article
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The goal is a crucial indicator of performance analysis in football. The aim of our study was to analyze the goal and previous phases since the recovery of the ball. 169 goals from group stage and elimination of the 2018 World Cup were analyzed. The observations were made through the LINCE program and the data were analyzed using the HOISAN and SPSS Statistics 24 program. The data were analyzed using descriptive, graphic statistics, Fisher's exact test, U-Mann Whitney and polar coordinates. It was verified that the recovery of the ball happens preferably due to fault of the opponent, in the areas of offensive midfield. The last pass is recorded very often in the offensive zones, as a result of the positional attack, with the right foot and inside the large area. It was also verified the importance of tactical schemes in obtaining the goal. The polar coordinates show activation relationships between the finalization and the other technical-tactical behaviors, reinforcing and complementing the notational analysis. We conclude that the notational analysis, complemented with statistical analysis and polar coordinate analysis, reveal relevant information to analyze performance in competition and plan the training process. El gol es un indicador crucial del análisis del rendimiento del fútbol. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue analizar el gol y etapas anteriores desde la recuperación del balón. Se analizaron un total de 169 goles en la fase de grupos y eliminación del Mundial 2018. Las observaciones se realizaron con el programa LINCE y los datos se analizaron con el programa HOISAN y SPSS Statistics 24. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadísticas descriptivas y gráfica, prueba exacta de Fisher, U-Mann Whitney y coordenadas polares. Se verificó que la recuperación del balón ocurre preferentemente por falta del oponente, en las zonas del mediocampo ofensivo. El último pase se registra muy a menudo en las zonas ofensivas, como consecuencia del ataque posicional, con el pie derecho y dentro del área de penalti. También se comprobó la importancia de los esquemas tácticos para obtener el gol. Las coordenadas polares muestran las relaciones de activación entre la finalización y los otros comportamientos técnico-tácticos, reforzando y complementando el análisis notacional. Concluimos que el análisis notacional, complementado con el tratamiento estadístico y análisis de coordenadas polares, descubre información relevante para analizar el desempeño en competición y planificar el proceso de entrenamiento. O golo é um indicador crucial da análise de desempenho no futebol. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi analisar o golo e fases anteriores desde a recuperação da bola. Foram analisados um total de 169 golos da fase de grupos e eliminação do Mundial de 2018. As observações foram feitas através do programa LINCE e os dados foram analisados utilizando o programa HOISAN e SPSS Statistics 24. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva, gráfica, teste exato de Fisher, U-Mann Whitney e coordenadas polares. Foi verificado que a recuperação da bola acontece preferencialmente por falta do adversário, nas zonas de meio campo ofensivo. O último passe é registado com muita frequência nas zonas ofensivas, em resultado do ataque posicional, com o pé-direito e dentro da grande área. Foi ainda verificado a importância dos esquemas táticos na obtenção do golo. As coordenadas polares mostram relações de ativação entre a finalização e os outros comportamentos técnico-táticos, reforçando e complementando a análise notacional. Concluímos que a análise notacional, complementada com tratamento estatístico e análise de coordenadas polares revelam informações relevantes para analisar o desempenho em competição e planear o processo de treino.
Conference Paper
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NODO test je dobro konstruisan test za učenike prvog razreda oba pola i savetuje se učenje ove veštine u nižim razredima osnovne s kole. Cilj uc enja ove ves tine ne mora biti sam sebi svrha, vec stvaranje solidne osnove za učenje osnovnih preskoka (kao što su raznoška ili zgrčka) u višim razredima osnovne škole. Iako u početku učenici nisu imali prethodno iskustvo u izvođenju ves tine, nakon uvodnog c asa mogli su da izvrs e opste kretanje ves tine. Kroz eksperimentalni proces, oc ekivano su se povec ali nivoi performansi veštine, ali isti, iako su utvrđeni kao značajni, nisu bili vrlo vidljivi kroz školske ocene koje bi učenici dobili za izvođenje veštine. Numeric ki vec e vrednosti ves tine, utvrđene kod uc enika u obe tac ke merenja, verovatno se mogu pripisati nižim nivoima straha i verovatno višim nivoima FMS veština (koje doprinose boljim performansama ove gimnastičke veštine). Isto se može primetiti i kroz radno iskustvo sa ovom populacijom. Međutim, isto ostaje da se utvrdi i naučno dokaže u daljim studijama. U zakljucku je moguc e primetiti da vreme eksperimentalnog tretmana (tri meseca) nije bilo dovoljno da pruži očiglednije-vidljivije poboljšanje performansi. Iako je klasifikovana kao jednostavna gimnastička veština i zaista je samo mali segment „prave“ veštine preskoka, očigledno je da učenicima prvog razreda to nije tako jednostavno i da im treba više vremena i frekvencija za poboljšanje performanse.
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It is generally known that muscle strength depends on morphological dimensions. However, it is not completely defined which morphological dimensions have the largest contribution during single-joint and multi-joint movements. The aim of this study was to examine the predictor role of different morphological characteristics: body height - TV, body mass - TM, body composition (total muscle mass - SMM and regional muscle mass of arms - RSMM and leg - NSMM) and muscle cross-section area (PP) on maximum strength level (one-repetition maximum - 1RM). The sample consisted of 15 subjects (8 men and 7 women, age: 23.8 ± 1.4 years), who do not practice weight training. The 1RM test (kg) included two exercises: preacher curl (BP) and parallel squat (PC). Ultrasound diagnostics assessed the cross-section of the biceps brachii (mm) and quadriceps femoris (mm²) muscles, while SMM (kg), RSMM (kg) and NSMM (kg) were determined by the bioelectrical impedance method. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed a significant positive correlation (p < 0.05) between 1RM of both exercises and all morphological variables (r = 0.512-0.939). However, when backward regression analysis was applied, the best model singled out the variable PP biceps brachii as the most significant predictor of strength for precher curl exercise (R² = 0.882, p <0.01), and variables NSMM, TM and TV for parallel squat (R² = 0.838, p <0.01). These findings shows that muscle strength during flexion in the elbow joint is largely determined by the dimensions of the biceps brachii muscle. On the other hand, various morphological factors determine 1RM when performing squats, which indicates the complexity of the exercise. Keywords – muscle strength, ultrasound, bioimpedance, preacher curl, parallel squat
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Purpose:This study aimed to compare the attention performance, by playing position, in elite Brazilian football players. Methods:A total of 66 professional players competing in the first division of the Brazilian Championship were evaluated. They were grouped according to their playing positions into 7 goalkeepers, 8 defenders, 15 fullbacks, 8 defensive midfielders, 13 attacking midfielders, and 15 forwards. The attention was evaluated using the QuotientTM ADHD System equipment. The group performances were compared using the Kruskal–Wallis Test and the post-hoc analysis using the Mann–Whitney Test.Results:Fullbacks showed less attentive behavior than defenders (U = 9.000, p = 0.001), defensive midfielders (U = 12.500, p = 0.002), offensive midfielders (U = 48.000, p = 0.007) and forwards (U = 27.000, p = 0.001). Fullbacks also had impulsive behavior longer than defenders (U = 10.500, p = 0.001) and defensive midfielders (U = 12.000, p = 0.002), as well as offensive midfielders had impulsive behavior longer than defenders (U = 16.0000, p = 0.004) and defensive midfielders (U = 19.500, p = 0.009). Conclusion:Players of defensive positions, as defenders and defensive midfielders, were more attentive and less impulsive than players of hybrid positions, responsible for both defensive and offensive actions, such as fullbacks and attacking midfielders. The present finding indicates that the defenders were the players who maintained the attention level for more time, while the fullbacks maintained for less time. Players in offensive playing positions (fullbacks and attacking midfielders) maintained their impulsive behavior for longer when compared to defensive positions (defenders and defensive midfielders).