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Number of cases of Zika virus infection by week of reporting and probable region of infection, 21 EU/EEA countries a , week 48/2015-week 5/2017 (n = 1,811)

Number of cases of Zika virus infection by week of reporting and probable region of infection, 21 EU/EEA countries a , week 48/2015-week 5/2017 (n = 1,811)

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Surveillance of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) was implemented in 2016 in response to the large outbreak reported in the Americas in 2015 associated with an increased number of infants born with microcephaly. Between June 2015 and January 2017, 21 EU/EEA countries reported 2,133 confirmed cases of...

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Introduction Since the identification of ZIKV in Brazil in May 2015, the virus has spread extensively throughout the Americas. Cases of ZIKV infection have been reported in Suriname since October 2, 2015. Methods A laboratory-based surveillance system was quickly implemented according to previous experience with the emergence of chikungunya. Gener...

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... In November 2017, 305 cases were reported in the United Kingdom, all of them were associated with travelling [43]. However, between June 2015 and January 2017, 21 countries in the European Union reported 2133 confirmed cases of infection in which 106 cases were of pregnant women [44]. WHO has warned the risk of Zika virus transmission in Europe is low to moderate, although three areas are at high risk: the island of Madeira in Portugal, Georgia, and the southern part of the Russian Federation [45]. ...
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... Between the end of 2015 and throughout 2016, similarly to CHIKV, ZIKV spread in less than one year to every Caribbean country ( Table 1). The establishment of autochthonous infections in the Caribbean fueled further exportation of the virus to Europe [82] and the US [83]. ...
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... Además, respecto al SGB, un estudio llevado a cabo en Colombia ha reafirmado el papel del virus en su desarrollo, presentando una mediana de aparición de 7 días desde el inicio de los síntomas de enfermedad por VZ hasta el desarrollo del síndrome (50) . mayor número fue el de 25 a 34 años (52) . Se han notificado 138 casos de infección por VZ en embarazadas (5,9%), siendo los países que más casos detectaron España (37%), Francia (25%) y Países Bajos (18%) (53) . ...
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By mid-2015, an increase in the number of cases of microcephaly among newborns and neurologic disorders was detected in the Northwest of Brazil, which was possibly associated with Zika virus infection. Later on, this phenomenon was also observed in several Latin-American countries. In February 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) on this basis, declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. From that moment on, several measures were adopted to achieve the epidemic control at both international and national levels. The WHO launched a strategic response plan based on case detection, infection control and treatment, as well as, the research and development of new vector control tools, diagnostic tests and vaccines. In Europe both surveillance and vector control systems were reinforced. The countries reporting most cases were France, Spain and the United Kingdom. In Spain, due to the high probability of case importation based on the close relationships with Latin-America, numerous measures were adopted to achieve a rapid response and an optimal control. Those included: the implementation of an active surveillance in collaboration with several experts, institutions and scientific societies; entomologic surveillance enhancement; the development of communication activities and recommendations for both healthcare workers and general population.
... Además, respecto al SGB, un estudio llevado a cabo en Colombia ha reafirmado el papel del virus en su desarrollo, presentando una mediana de aparición de 7 días desde el inicio de los síntomas de enfermedad por VZ hasta el desarrollo del síndrome (50) . mayor número fue el de 25 a 34 años (52) . Se han notificado 138 casos de infección por VZ en embarazadas (5,9%), siendo los países que más casos detectaron España (37%), Francia (25%) y Países Bajos (18%) (53) . ...
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By mid-2015, an increase in the number of cases of microcephaly among newborns and neurologic disorders was detected in the Northwest of Brazil, which was possibly associated with Zika virus infection. Later on, this phenomenon was also observed in several Latin-American countries. In February 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) on this basis, declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. From that moment on, several measures were adopted to achieve the epidemic control at both international and national levels. The WHO launched a strategic response plan based on case detection, infection control and treatment, as well as, the research and development of new vector control tools, diagnostic tests and vaccines. In Europe both surveillance and vector control systems were reinforced. The countries reporting most cases were France, Spain and the United Kingdom. In Spain, due to the high probability of case importation based on the close relationships with Latin-America, numerous measures were adopted to achieve a rapid response and an optimal control. Those included: the implementation of an active surveillance in collaboration with several experts, institutions and scientific societies; entomologic surveillance enhancement; the development of communication activities and recommendations for both healthcare workers and general population.
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The current COVID-19 pandemic has exceeded any epidemiologic prevision, but increasing information suggests some analogies with the major viral outbreaks in the last century, and a general warning has been issued on the possibility that co-infections can make the differential diagnosis and treatment difficult, especially in tropical countries. Some reports have pointed out that presence of high Dengue antibodies can give a false negative testing for SARS-CoV-2. Muco-cutaneous manifestations are very frequent, with an apparent overlap among different pathogens. However, strong clinico-pathologic correlation might provide some clues to address differential. Waiting for laboratory and instrumental results, the timing and distribution of skin lesions is often pathognomonic. Histopathologic findings characterize certain reaction pattern, and provide insights on pathogenetic mechanisms. Unfortunately, skin assessment takes a back seat in severely ill patients, especially invasive exam such as biopsy. A literature retrieval was performed to collect from other epidemics as much information to counteract what has become the most frightening disease of our time.