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Noise pollution and change over time. The percentage of population in the County of Stockholm, who report that they are disturbed by traffic noise (road, railway or aircraft noise) at least once a week  

Noise pollution and change over time. The percentage of population in the County of Stockholm, who report that they are disturbed by traffic noise (road, railway or aircraft noise) at least once a week  

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In Sweden, as in many other European countries, traffic noise is an important environmental health issue. At present, almost two million people are exposed to average noise levels exceeding the outdoor national guideline value (55 dB(A)). Despite efforts to reduce the noise burden, noise-related health effects, such as annoyance and sleep disturban...

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... National Swedish Environmental Health report from 2009 showed a 40% increase in the number of noise annoyed subjects since 2001. [2] On a national level, the increase in annoyance was primarily related to road traffic (from 9 to 12%), however, in urban settings, such as in the Stockholm area, the increase in annoyance was seen for all noise sources [ Figure 1]. [23] There are several competing interests in the Swedish community planning. ...

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Citations

... [82] Risk of hypertension among reproductive aged women due to road traflc noise exposure [83] Impact of long-term noise exposure on BP and hypertension is not convincingly reported. [84,85] Non-significant risk of cardiovascular issues. [86] Rate of risk is low for noise level below 60 dB, but increases for noise levels above 60 dB considerably, complimenting the suggested dose-response relationship. ...
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This paper presents a bibliometric and critical review of auditory and non-auditory health impacts due to road traffic noise exposure. The paper discusses the general trends of studies conducted in the research domain using the bibliometric network approach. These networks are based on citation, bibliographic coupling, and co-authorship relationships. Further, a critical review is conducted to summarise the auditory and non-auditory impacts due to traffic noise exposure. Auditory health impact issues such as noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and tinnitus are presented. Non-auditory impacts are categorised as physiology and performance-related impacts. Physiology related health impact includes a review of cardiovascular and sleep disturbance issues due to noise. Performance-related health impact includes annoyance and cognitive impairment issues. This paper discusses the severity level, different exposure-response relationships, techniques, and empirical models developed to assess the magnitude of these health impacts. Subjective and laboratory assessment techniques used to analyse the health impact through various modeling and statistical approaches are considered. Additionally, a scenario analysis of health impact due to heterogeneous transportation is performed. An assessment is done to find the applicability of health risk prediction models in heterogeneous traffic conditions.
... For another, previous epidemiological studies have preliminarily confirmed that long-term exposure to road traffic noise mainly causes CDs (Sørensen et al., 2013;Basner and McGuire, 2018), especially the daytime noise exposure (WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2018b). And some conclusions have shown that the risk of CDs significantly increases when L den is higher than 55 dB (A) or 60 dB (A) (Bluhm and Eriksson, 2011). For the sake of protecting human health, World Health Organization (WHO) proposed the noise limit (L den ) of 53 dB (A) in 2018. ...
... This study also found a similar trend under the short-term influence of noise, which was lower 2.1 dpm at 55 dB (A) and 0.2 dpm at 65 dB (A) in HR of the high-sensitive group than that of the low-sensitive group. At the same time, the above-mentioned 55 dB (A) and 65 dB (A) (also in the SDNN part) are highly consistent with the SPL findings of epidemiological studies that the prevalence of CDs increasing significantly when the SPL is higher than around 55 dB (A) to 60 dB (A) (Barregard et al., 2009;Bluhm and Eriksson, 2011;Chang et al., 2011). And according to the WHO cumulative effect of noise impact, the differences in HR (and in SDNN) indicators observed in this study caused by short-term noise stimulation may have the potential to produce physiological response and lead to between-groups differences in prevalence after long-term recurrent effect, which is worthy of further research. ...
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... It is estimated that in Europe, 125 million people are exposed to road traffic noise greater than 55 dB (dBA) L den , 8 million are exposed to rail traffic noise and 3 million to aircraft noise above 55 dB (dBA) L den (L den is the common EU indicator that corresponds to the average noise level throughout the day, evening and night, to which a citizen is exposed over the period of a year) [6]. Almost 2 million people in Sweden are exposed to average noise levels exceeding national guideline value for outdoor noise (55 dBA) [7]. ...
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... (a) Noise pollution and change over time in the county of Stockholm[16]; (b) Effectiveness of active and passive noise methods[81]. ...
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... The 1990s were marked by research aimed at more specific impacts on human health and reported discomfort due to noise [9][10][11]. Furthermore, these studies correlated exposure to noise with the onset of cardiovascular diseases [12,13]. ...
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... Statistics released by China's ministry of ecology and environment protection show that, by February 2019, the hotline 12369 had received noise pollution accounted for 32 percent of reports. Noise has gradually become one of the biggest public hazards in recent years [1][2][3][4][5]. Among them, the impact of the heat pump unit on the surrounding environment is a universal environmental pollution problem that the city faces and needs to be solved [6,7]. ...
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... In recent years, many studies have emerged in order to prevent people for being impacted by noise. Constant exposure to noise leads to health issues such as sleep disturbance (Muzet [36,22] annoyance [28] and [30], cardiovascular effects [2,3] hearing loss [25] learning impairment [26,6] hypertension ischemic heart disease [19]. Disturbing the physical and psychological activities, reducing the productivity and performance [7], poor communication and increased chance of accidents [43], are among the many consequences of prolonged noise exposure. ...
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... A complementary assumption that endocrine system activation could be different according to gender is suggested [291], [292]. This would explain the gender-differences in the results of several studies about the effects of traffic noise exposure on cardiovascular diseases [60], [293]- [295]. Moreover, as some studies have shown that endocrine distress can lead to psychological symptoms, this would also explain the gender-difference observed in the present study between aircraft noise exposure and self-rated health status. ...
... A complementary assumption that endocrine system activation could be different according to gender is suggested [291], [292]. This would explain the gender-differences in the results of several studies about the effects of traffic noise exposure on cardiovascular diseases [60], [76], [293]- [295]. ...
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... 61 Survey was conducted in Sweden and it was found that noise related serious health effects like cardiovascular system was growing besides other issues like annoyance and morning saliva cortisol, hypertension and myocardial infarction. 62 Study was conducted near hospital, educational zones, church and mosque, hotel and recreational zones, offices and working areas, residence and market areas in Dire-Dawa City, Ethiopia. It was observed that noise level in different locations of city was high and crosses the permissible limits. ...
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India’s transport network is one of the most extensive in the world. Road network is vital for sustained and inclusive growth of the economy and consolidation of social diversification of the nation. When compared to other transport means, road transport is considered to be more flexible and consumer-friendly as it provides door-to-door service to the people even in the remotest parts of the country. With the increasing population, there is immense load on natural as well as man-made resources. With growing development, people are more and more dependent on the transport system for fulfilling their needs and expansions. Thus, these road activities greatly affect environment qualities. The present review discusses the impacts of road activities on soil, water, and air quality and noise nuisance.