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Multilevel estimates for models predicting NA at night 

Multilevel estimates for models predicting NA at night 

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El objetivo de la presente investigación fue proporcionar una visión integradora de las relaciones entre el bienestar diario emocional de los empleados (afecto positivo y negativo) y la interacción entre la familia y el trabajo, el agotamiento relacionado con el trabajo, el distanciamiento y el significado de la vida. Trabajadores del sector de ser...

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... the case of NA as an outcome variable (see Table 3), Model 1 showed a significant improvement over the null model (difference of -2 x log = 38.49, df = 5, p < .001). ...

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... Sonnentag and Fritz (2015) consider psychological detachment as a core recovery experience. For example, in Spanish workers, experiences of relaxation have produced important benefits in the intensification of positive emotions (Garrosa et al., 2013). This may occur through the prolonged activation of the functional system, neutralizing the effects of negative affect (Parker et al., 2020;Sonnentag & Fritz, 2007;Xanthopoulou et al., 2014). ...
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... Nearly half of all experience sampling studies in the work-family literature use one time point (Allen et al., 2019). Among studies that have more than one time point, work-family conflict is most often measured only once at the end of the day (e.g., Ilies et al., 2015) or in the afternoon after work (e.g., Garrosa-Hernández et al., 2013). Infrequent sampling has the potential to miss meaningful within-day variation in work-family conflict and correlates. ...
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... Meaning in life significantly predicted psychological well-being (García-Alandete 2015; García-Alandete et al. 2018). Despite the literature supporting the importance of meaning in life to improve positive mental health, specifically psychological well-being, few studies have focused on the predictive effect of meaning in life on emotional and social well-being (Garrosa-Hernández et al. 2013). Therefore, the present study provides further evidence indicating that meaning in life is an important factor to promote not only psychological well-being but also emotional and social well-being. ...
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... Second, although research focuses on the positive side of daily work engagement, mostly confirming benefits in job performance, the present study adds findings to the scarce evidence on its daily effects as a predictor and moderator of recovery experiences during off-job activities and subsequent general health at night to determine the level of daily work engagement needed to support an individual's well-being (Shimazu et al., 2018). Third, as detachment from work is the core recovery experience associated with several benefits for employees (e.g., emotional well-being; Garrosa-Hernández et al., 2013), our study tests the unknown lagged effect of detachment from work on next-day general health at night instead of the well-known moderation and mediational roles. ...
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... Consistent with the theoretical role of work-family conflict as a stressor that elicits unpleasant emotional states (Edwards & Rothbard, 2000;Greenhaus & Beutell, 1985;Grzywacz, 2016), trait negative affect is positively associated with work-family conflict levels Michel, Clark, & Jaramillo, 2011). Similarly, studies show a positive association between daily workfamily conflict levels and state negative affect (Chi et al., 2018;Ilies et al., 2007), as well as positive associations between after work work-family conflict levels and evening state negative affect (Garrosa-Hernández, Carmona-Cobo, Ladstätter, Blanco, & Cooper-Thomas, 2013). Daily work-family conflict levels are also related to increased daily negative emotions, such as guilt, hostility, and anxiety (Judge et al., 2006;Livingston & Judge, 2008;Wagner et al., 2014). ...
... For example, a single disruptive family call while at work may be resolved fairly quickly with little impact on daily strain, whereas a series of such calls throughout the day may become increasingly strenuous. Previous research has indirectly examined the former by examining associations between day-level perceptions of workfamily conflict and daily levels of negative affect, psychological distress, and negative emotions such as guilt daily negative affect (Almeida et al., 2016;Bono et al., 2013;Chi et al., 2018;Garrosa-Hernández et al., 2013;Judge et al., 2006). The present research builds upon these results by focusing on the accumulation of work-family conflict episodes, rather than relying on perceptual levels-based measurement, in which frequency and intensity of events may be confounded (Maertz & Boyar, 2011). ...
... 15 allostatic load model, which asserts that accumulation of stressors fosters strain (McEwen, 1998). The accumulation findings are also consistent with correlational findings that examine average workfamily conflict (e.g., Amstad et al., 2011), as well as levels-based daily research, which has supported direct relationships between daily work-family conflict levels and daily negative affect (Almeida et al., 2016;Chi et al., 2018;Garrosa-Hernández et al., 2013;Ilies et al., 2015;Ilies et al., 2007), daily and momentary distress (Bono et al., 2013;Williams & Alliger, 1994), emotional exhaustion , and daily negative emotions such as guilt and hostility (Judge et al., 2006). Second, some evidence was found for acute psychological strain reactivity. ...
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A sizable body of research has established work-family conflict and its nomological network. Despite decades of research, we have yet to form a precise understanding of what happens when a conflict arises. The current research addresses this question using a growth modeling, episodic approach. We use stressor-strain and allostatic load theories to examine changes in daily patterns of psychological (fatigue, negative affect) and physiological (heart rate, blood pressure) strains that occur during and after a work-family conflict episode. We found some evidence for acute changes in psychological strain during and after work-to-family conflict episodes. Daily family-to-work conflict was associated with mixed reactions. State fatigue and heart rate decreased at the time of a family-to-work conflict, although state negative affect increased at the time of family-to-work conflict, and state fatigue increased more rapidly throughout the day after the second time family-to-work conflict was experienced. Additionally, we found evidence that state negative affect increases throughout the day as work-to-family conflict episodes accumulate. Daily family-to-work conflict accumulation was also associated with decreased fatigue, increased state negative affect, and increased systolic blood pressure. Lagged analyses showed some evidence that negative mood predicts work-family conflict occurrence within the next few hours. Implications for the theoretical relationship between work-family conflict and strain are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).
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... Diary studies found that lack of detachment from work during the evening was related to a low level of positive emotions in the evening (Rodríguez-Muñoz, Sanz-Vergel, Antino, Demerouti, & Bakker, 2018), high evening strain (Debrot, Siegler, Klumb, & Schoebi, 2018), evening energetic depletion (Germeys & De Gieter, 2018) and other negative states at bedtime (Garrosa-Hernández, Carmona-Cobo, Ladstätter, Blanco, & Cooper-Thomas, 2013;Sonnentag & Lischetzke, 2018) and during the next morning (Sonnentag, Binnewies, & Mojza, 2008), even when controlling for previous negative states ( Garrosa-Hernández et al., 2013;Sonnentag et al., 2008;Sonnentag & Lischetzke, 2018). Other diary studies did not find direct associations between lack of detachment and negative states at bedtime (Haun, Nübold, & Bauer, 2018) or during the next morning (Park, Fritz, & Jex, 2018). ...
... Diary studies found that lack of detachment from work during the evening was related to a low level of positive emotions in the evening (Rodríguez-Muñoz, Sanz-Vergel, Antino, Demerouti, & Bakker, 2018), high evening strain (Debrot, Siegler, Klumb, & Schoebi, 2018), evening energetic depletion (Germeys & De Gieter, 2018) and other negative states at bedtime (Garrosa-Hernández, Carmona-Cobo, Ladstätter, Blanco, & Cooper-Thomas, 2013;Sonnentag & Lischetzke, 2018) and during the next morning (Sonnentag, Binnewies, & Mojza, 2008), even when controlling for previous negative states ( Garrosa-Hernández et al., 2013;Sonnentag et al., 2008;Sonnentag & Lischetzke, 2018). Other diary studies did not find direct associations between lack of detachment and negative states at bedtime (Haun, Nübold, & Bauer, 2018) or during the next morning (Park, Fritz, & Jex, 2018). ...
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Job stressors such as time pressure, organizational constraints, and interpersonal conflicts matter for individual well-being within organizations, both at the day level and over longer periods of time. Recovery-enhancing processes such as psychological detachment from work during nonwork time, physical exercise, and sleep have the potential to protect well-being. Although the experience of job stressors calls for effective recovery processes, empirical research shows that recovery processes actually are impaired when job stressors are high (recovery paradox). This article presents explanations for the recovery paradox, discusses moderating factors, and suggests avenues for future research.
... For example, some research using a sample of IT employees found that on days with higher levels of WFC, levels of negative affect are increased . Similarly, daily FWC can predict negative affect at night (Garrosa-Hernández et al., 2013). Previous research has also investigated some of the cognitive mechanisms underlying the relationship between WLC and positive/negative affect. ...
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The challenge of managing work and nonwork domains is an omnipresent experience for the employed workforce that has meaningful links to psychological, physical, and behavioral health. Work‐life conflict can create tension‐based strain and deplete resources, in turn interfering directly or indirectly with health. In this review, we summarize the empirical literature on work‐life conflict, and the more frequently studied and specific construct of work‐family conflict, as it pertains to employee health. Over three decades of literature inform this review, with more attention devoted to publications from the last 5 years. Trends and gaps in the current literature are identified.