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-Mapa histórico de Peniche, provavelmente atribuível ao século XVIII de autor desconhecido (Acervo da Direcção de Infra-estruturas do Exército -Gabinete de Estudos Arqueológicos de Engenharia Militar).

-Mapa histórico de Peniche, provavelmente atribuível ao século XVIII de autor desconhecido (Acervo da Direcção de Infra-estruturas do Exército -Gabinete de Estudos Arqueológicos de Engenharia Militar).

Source publication
Technical Report
Full-text available
First archaeological excavation in the 1500's convent of Bom Jesus de Penicha, Peniche, Portugal.

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... em que começam as primeiras referências históricas à construção da capela original que no século seguinte viria a se transformar no Convento do Bom Jesus. Este contudo não é o único ponto em que a história dos dois monumentos se cruza como ficou evidenciado nos trabalhos de intervenção arqueológica no convento. Nota-se na cartografia histórica (Fig. 6) e é citado nos despachos da Vereação local (Salvador, 1997) que em meados do século XVII e provavelmente devido à proximidade das fontes que se concentravam na zona norte as explorações agrícolas da Vila (Fig. 7). Das fontes encontradas no lado norte de Peniche a do Rosário é a mais próxima ao Convento do Bom Jesus. Juntamente com a ...
Context 2
... mais numerosa que aquela de Atouguia, dá-se em 1570 a fundação do Convento do Bom Jesus, de acordo com a data da respectiva licença civil de D. Luís de Ataíde, Vice-Rei da Índia e Conde de Atouguia da Baleia (Calado, 1984) no local onde já existia uma enfermaria franciscana datada de 1452 ). De acordo com registos cartográficos históricos (ver Fig. 6 acima) e relatos históricos , a construção do convento realizar-se-ia nas imediações de três ermidas pré-existentes, uma delas provavelmente associada à dita ...

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Citations

Technical Report
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: This report refers to works of salvage archaeology carried out in the construction site of a supermarket in the town of Peniche, central west coast of Portugal, between October 6th and December 30th, 2010. The construction works began without archaeological survey or any other preventive care and resulted in the destruction of a large area of important archaeological sites, including the wealthy Convent of Bom Jesus supported by the Vice Roy of India, D. Luís de Ataíde, in the late 1500’s. Archaeological materials were detected by locals in the sediments excavated without professional supervision from a large area in the neighborhood of the Convento de Bom Jesus. As the name of the area suggests, this strip of Peniche’s coast is long known to be an important heritage site. The convent’s chapel still standing is also an evidence of the exact location of the convent. The destruction of part of the convent was reported to the heritage bureau and only after that did the archaeological intervention begin. Not much could be done to the archaeological strata affected previously to the arrival of the archaeologists, but compensatory measures were assured after that. The construction company was required to pay for: (I) the archaeological supervision of the works yet to be done in the site; (II) excavation of areas to be affected by further construction around the supermarket; and (III) the sieving of all sediments resulting from the destruction of strata excavated prior to the archaeological work. The excavation report for this site is available here at Researchgate (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280937501_Relatrio_de_Escavao_do_stio_do_Bom_Jesus_de_Peniche?ev=prf_pub). The following report refers to the materials recovered by the sieving of sediments from the area mechanically excavated without archaeological supervision. This is not a usual approach in archaeological studies, but it was taken as a last resource to salvage at least some information on the destructed area. Despite the lack of contextualization of this material, it still provides some information on the site, particularly when combined with data gathered by the subsequent excavation of undisturbed areas of the site of the Convent of Bom Jesus de Peniche. Materials referring to the different periods of occupation of the site are a testimony to the importance of the previously wealthy convent. Evidence of the destruction of prehistoric archaeological levels were also provided by this unusual approach to the site, as rich lithic industry could be recovered, indicating that not one, but at least two sites were destroyed by the unsupervised beginning of construction. Although this approach is a last resource following a destructive intervention of an important site, it did prove useful in providing limited information on the archaeology of the area complemented by later archaeological intervention on undisturbed levels of the site. It was also faced as a compensation supported financially by the company responsible for the destruction of archaeological strata. Key words: Peniche; Convent of Bom Jesus; salvage archaeology.