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INDEX OF AVERAGE REAL WAGES IN BELARUS AND OTHER POST-COMMUNIST COUNTRIES, 1990 ¼ 100. Sources: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus (2010); Rutkowski (1995); 'TransMONEE', Database of United Nations Children's Fund, 2005, available at: http://www.unicef-icdc.org/resources/transmonee. html, accessed 24 January 2006.

INDEX OF AVERAGE REAL WAGES IN BELARUS AND OTHER POST-COMMUNIST COUNTRIES, 1990 ¼ 100. Sources: National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus (2010); Rutkowski (1995); 'TransMONEE', Database of United Nations Children's Fund, 2005, available at: http://www.unicef-icdc.org/resources/transmonee. html, accessed 24 January 2006.

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A peculiar model of post-communist political economy has evolved in Belarus under President Aliaksandr Lukashenka. It features prioritisation of non-entrepreneurial social groups, a strong role for the state, and extensive social security provision. The model appears to be grounded on Lukashenka's understanding of his political powerbase; having no...

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... The apparently positive role of continued state ownership for non-entrepreneurial groups in Belarus can also be discerned from statistics on wages and pensions. Notably, the index of real wage dynamics in Belarus in the first decade of reforms (more recent comparative data are unavailable) exceeded that for all other post-communist countries in almost all years except 1994 (see Figure 4). ...

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... After independence in 1991, Belarus flirted with Washington Consensus political and economic reforms. In 1994, however, Alyaksandr Lukashenka came to power, stopped privatization, subsidized transport and preserved free health and education (Ioffe, 2004), preferring 'a somewhat adjusted Marxist-Leninist ideology' over neo-liberalism which 'can be succinctly defined as an ideology of social injustice, profiteering, and individualism … [and] is … not applicable at all to us, to our people, with our tolerance and mentality' (Lukashenka, cited in Yarashevich (2014Yarashevich ( , p. 1705. ...
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... (Smok, 2013: 1). Other researchers are kinder to Lukashenka arguing that "(…) the Belarusian political economy model amounts to a kind of welfare state, based on a mixture of inherited Soviet and new market principles in both economic and social spheres" (Yarashevich 2014(Yarashevich : 1704. It is difficult to trace market principles in Belarussian economic regime. ...
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