Hiroshi Ishiguro (left) and ERICA (right, ERATO Intelligent Conversational Android) ©️ERATO ISHIGURO Symbiotic Human-Robot Interaction Project
The documentary Philosophy in the Age of Desire records a short encounter between Hiroshi Ishiguro and Markus Gabriel in 2018. Their exchange on the role of technology in human life, on the conception of human being, and other topics revealed noticeable differences between the German philosopher and the Japanese engineer. Four years later two separ...
Following the robots, whether virtual characters (VC) will cause the uncanny valley (UV) effect has become a new topic of UV studies, and also a topic that cannot be avoided by VC design and human-VC interaction. Based on the Web of Science core collection (WoSCC), this paper reviews literature on the topics of both the VC and UV (2007-2022) by summarizing the trends and methods research. It groups studies into three categories: verifying the UV and its influencing factors; suggestions for avoiding the UV; possibilities for crossing the UV. We suggest that, under current technological conditions, finding a proper balance between abstraction and high realism to avoid the risk of the UV is a sound choice for VC design, while also providing suggestions for future research.