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The myths surrounding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines have prompted scientists to refocus their attention on vaccine hesitancy, which is fuelled by the spread of misinformation. The scientific investigation of behavioural concepts relating to vaccine hesitancy can be enhanced by the examination of behavioural concepts from the field of...
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... versions of the HBM also include the construct of modifying factors (socioeconomics, gender, age, personality and knowledge) which affect individuals' beliefs and which indirectly impact their behaviour ( Skinner et al. 2015). Figure 1 illustrates the proposed HBM constructs applied to consumers' decisions on infant vaccination. ...
... 16 The model assumes a perception that an adverse health condition can be avoided, that by following advice an adverse health condition can be averted, and that individuals are able to be convinced to adhere to a recommended behavior. 17 The HBM also assumes that existing beliefs can predict future behaviors. When applied to disease prevention, it suggests that a future behavior can be predicted by the combination of an individual's willingness to prevent an illness and their expectations of a specific action. ...
Vaccination has proven to be the most effective tool in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. While pregnant individuals are considered to be a high-risk population and are more likely to experience adverse effects from COVID-19, vaccination rates among pregnant individuals are significantly lower than in the general population. The Health Belief Model (HBM), Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), 3C model, 5C model, and 5A model have been used to assess vaccination hesitancy behaviors. In this paper, we review the use of each of these models to address vaccine hesitancy, with a focus on the pregnant population and the COVID-19 vaccine. The HBM, TPB, 3C model, and 5C model have demonstrated great versatility in their ability to evaluate, explain, and modify vaccine hesitancy and behavior. Up to date, the HBM and 3C models appear to be the most effective models to study and address vaccination hesitancy within the pregnant persons.