Health Outcomes (means[SD]; Per Protocol Analyses).

Health Outcomes (means[SD]; Per Protocol Analyses).

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Background Chronic low back pain (cLBP) and chronic neck pain (cNP) are highly prevalent conditions and common reasons for disability among military personnel. Yoga and other mind-body interventions have been shown to safely decrease pain and disability in persons with cLBP and/or cNP but have not been adequately studied in active duty military per...

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... some of the effect sizes reflected little change or improvement. Table 4 provides data and pre-post effect sizes for per protocol analyses that focus on those attending at least 50% of intervention sessions/weeks. As expected, among the participants attending at least half of the yoga sessions, effects were larger and more robust across different outcome measures. ...
Context 2
... found that among participants with cNP only or both cNP and cLBP, hatha Yoga participants had lower attendance, minimal benefit on average (See Supplemental Table 2), and a few participants reported worsening neck pain and neck pain-related disability. The sample size is very small, but when looking at those who were able to attend regularly (Supplemental Table 4), moderate effects were present. Secondary outcomes are presented in Supplemental Table 5. ...
Context 3
... further explore our findings, we examined the change in outcomes for participants with cLBP only, vs those with only cNP or both cNP and cLBP. As shown in Table 4, we observe a pattern in which cNP participants reported very little health improvement on average. At the same time, improvement in those with cLBP alone was more robust and similar to findings in a previous study of yoga for cLBP 28 even though attendance was slightly lower. ...
Context 4
... final analysis (Supplemental Tables 3 and 4) sought to examine any patterns by type of yoga in participants with cNP. With only about 10 participants in each group, data should be interpreted cautiously, but participants with cNP randomized to hatha yoga benefitted very little on average, with 4-5 of those participants reporting various increases in pain or functional limitations. ...