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1: Happiness by Gender over Time in the US (GSS). 

1: Happiness by Gender over Time in the US (GSS). 

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... Wolfers(2008b)]. Then the paper documents the differences between the genders and assesses whether these differences can account for the decline in women’s happiness for each dimension over which men and women happiness is studied. More precisely, effects on the time trend of the gender happiness gap are quantified. Figure 4.1 shows the happiness of male and female respondents of the GSS since 1975. Two elements are apparent. Firstly, the decline in female happiness. Although it is somewhat volatile, women’s happiness has a distinct negative trend over the three decades of the survey. While women where happier than men in the mid-seventies, this gap reversed itself by the beginning of the new millennium. Table 4.3 formalizes this decline by estimating non-parametric estimates of the time trend. The following equation is ...
Context 2
... decline in the happiness of American women over the last forty years has recently been added to the list of puzzling facts about happiness [Stevenson and Wolfers(2008b)]. Although the gender happiness gap favored women in the mid-seventiesthe gap had reversed by the mid-two- thousands. Figure 4.1 illustrates this phenomenon in the US; the data is from the General Social Survey. In many regards, the lives of women have improved over the last decades. The women’s right movement, the increased availability of oral contraceptive, the fall in the male-female wage gap, the rise in women’s educational attaintment and their increased participation in the labor market have all contributed to this. As Stevenson and Wolfers argue (2008), the reversal of the gender happiness gap “rise(s) provocative questions about (...) the legitimacy of using subjective well-being to assess broad social changes.”. The primary goals of this paper are to propose a taxonomy for interpreting empirical analysis in the field of happiness research and to document how happiness differs between men and women. The secondary objective is to test the possibility that gender differences can account for the reversal of the happiness gap. This paper studies three dimensions along which men and women differ in terms of happiness: the life cycle, the effect of time spent working and the effect of labor force ...


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The concept of happiness includes many elements such as social and physical environment, demographic characteristics, economic conditions and expectations. Today, the topic of happiness has increasingly become a signifıcant issue in economics. This study examined the effects of health, education, and household incomes on happiness. This study utilized the data Life Satisfaction Survey prepared for the 2004-2019 period (TSI) by Turkey Statistical Institute. This study used the ordered Logit approach, and the variable coefficients were evaluated using Odds-Ratio and Marginal Effects. As a result of the analysis, it was seen that health has the most significant effect on happiness. Findings also show that while income statistically has a significant positive impact on happiness, education has a negative impact but does not have a statistically significant relationship.
Mutluluk kavramı sosyal ve fiziksel çevre, demografik özellikler, ekonomik koşullar, beklentiler gibi birçok unsuru barındırmakta olup başlangıçta psikoloji ve felsefe alanlarında sıklıkla incelenmiştir. Günümüzde ise iktisatta önemi artan bir konu olmuştur. Bu çalışmada ise sağlık, eğitim ve hane halkı gelirinin mutluluk üzerindeki etkisi incelenmiştir. Çalışmada 2004-2019 dönemi için Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (TÜİK) tarafından hazırlanmış olan Yaşam Memnuniyeti Anket verilerinden yararlanılmıştır. Sıralı Logit yönteminin kullanıldığı çalışmada, yapılan regresyon analiziyle değişkenlere ait katsayılar yorumlanmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda mutluluk üzerindeki en büyük etkiye sağlığın sahip olduğu görülmüştür. Gelirin mutluluk üzerinde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı pozitif bir etkiye sahipken eğitimin negatif bir etkiye sahip olduğu fakat istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişkiye sahip olmadığı anlaşılmıştır.