| Growth in research connecting biodiversity to mental health, between the years 2006-2021. Captions across the top with arrows indicate the years that have been included in the reviews conducted by Lovell et al. (2014) and Marselle et al. (2019) upon which this current study builds.

| Growth in research connecting biodiversity to mental health, between the years 2006-2021. Captions across the top with arrows indicate the years that have been included in the reviews conducted by Lovell et al. (2014) and Marselle et al. (2019) upon which this current study builds.

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Biodiversity conservation and mental health and wellbeing are of increasing global concern, with growing relevance to planning and policy. A growing body of literature exploring the relationships between biodiversity and mental health and wellbeing—based on early research conducted largely from social science perspectives—suggests that particular q...

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Context 1
... Figure 1 we show the growth in research connecting biodiversity to health and wellbeing, since 2006. An early work of this topic by Lovell et al. (2014) reviewed just eight studies, which explicitly explored links between biodiversity indicators and mental health. ...
Context 2
... theories are similarly based on the notion that natural elements within landscapes provide the opportunity for mental relief from the many things that demand attention in everyday life and enable recovery from stress or the use of active attention through passive engagement with the environment ( Kaplan and Kaplan, 1989). The use of these theories reflects the short-term nature of most of the studies, which examine what may be referred to as "momentary wellbeing" (Fisher et al., 2021). Another theory that has been used in both early and recent works is the Biophilia Hypothesis (Figure 3), which suggests that humans have an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life (Kellert, 1995). ...

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