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5: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) GDP per capita of South Korea, at current US dollars 

5: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) GDP per capita of South Korea, at current US dollars 

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... This is one of the attributes of states in post-colonial society, where in some cases mediocrity is celebrated over meritocracy. To achieve development and maximum productivity, (Peter, 2012) asserts that, the character of the political elites, governance style, the capacity of the institutions and the willingness of the state to champion the cause of national development are major considerations in development. The state by virtue of its position is central to the question of resource mobilsation, distribution and over all development. ...
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The manpower resources available to any nation constitute the most important assets of that nation. It determines whether or not the organisation is going to be successful and achieve its objective. It is in consideration of this that every organization places great emphasis on human training and manpower development. The main objective of this study is to appraise and analyse the conception, implementation and effectiveness of manpower development efforts of the Kogi State Civil Service Commission from 2011 to 2015. The study utilises both the qualitative and quantitative research techniques. The data were obtained from primary and secondary sources. This included structured questionnaire and documentary sources such as published and unpublished materials and internet sources. The data from the questionnaire were analysed using simple statistics technique. A sample of 100 staff comprising of senior, intermediate and junior staff of the Kogi State Civil Service Commission were used for this research. The paper adopted the structural functional theory, which presupposes that a system is a compendium of structures performing different functions for the purpose of optimal performance of the system by enhancing solidarity and stability. The dysfunction of one structure ultimately paralyses the other parts of the system. It was found out that workers in the Kogi State Civil Service were not given adequate incentives; also, little funds were made available for training of personnel. The research therefore recommends that manpower training and retraining be encouraged through adequate funding. It is also recommended that promotions and proper placements of staff be accorded priority.
... But authoritarian regimes (including civilian ones) have been able to engineer development in history as evident in the case of the Asian Tigers (Peter, 2012). This was corroborated by Evans (1995: 11) that Brazil, India and South Korea "are countries where state involvement in industrial transformation is undeniable." ...
... The centrality of poverty in the measurement of the level of economic development of a country cannot be over-emphasized. In this context, poverty can be understood as "the lack of basic human needs, such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter, because of the inability to afford them" (cited in Peter, 2012). It is an income below which families would find it difficult to live without serious problems and which would place them in real danger when faced with any sort of economic crisis, such as a sick child or an injury at work. ...
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There is a nexus between the state, resource mobilisation and the national development of any nation. The capacity of the state is measured by its ability to effectively harness and optimally utilize and allocate the commonwealth of the nation. The Nigerian state has not been able to effectively convert the abundant human and natural resources to wealth for the people. This paper therefore interrogates the capacity and willingness of the Nigerian state to effectively explore and manage the abundance resources to improve the life of the people as a way of enhancing the national development of the Nigerian state. The paper adopted qualitative technique of research with extensive use of secondary data sourced from national and international data banks, the internet, the library and national dailies. The paper followed the logic of neo-Marxism to question the nature of capital accumulation in Nigeria with its attendant (under)development implications. It therefore recommends active state engagement with the private sector to ensure effective use of the abundant resources for the overall development of other critical sectors of the Nigeria’s economy.
... In this context, poverty can be understood as "the lack of basic human needs, such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter, because of the inability to afford them" (Wikipedia, 24/11/2010). It is an income below which families would find it difficult to live without serious problems and which would place them in real danger when faced with any sort of economic crisis, such as a sick child or an injury at work (Yakes cited in Peter, 2012). ...
... The fight against poverty is a serious one. What is critical is the capacity of the state whether democratic or not to improve the life of its people through a well-articulated human resource development programme that can make them relevant in the rapidly globalizing and competitive world The possibility of getting rid of poverty may not be there since according to Yakes in Peter (2012) it "coincides with large and growing inequality of both income and wealth, inequalities ingrained in the laws of motion of capitalism." Capitalism has been reckoned with to possess the capacity of increasing both poverty and prosperity. ...
... The interconnectedness between poverty and inequality is indisputable. Yates cited in Peter (2012) notes that "poverty on a global scale is matched by an enormous and growing inequality of incomes." Poverty and inequality have diametrical relationship. ...
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The relation between democracy and development has been a controversial discourse in social science literature. The question is whether democracy is a necessity or compulsory for development or development should be achieved before democracy can be contemplated. This study is an examination of the progress made on the development continuum following the return of Nigeria to the path of democratic governance in May 1999. It adopts the qualitative method of research using data from official documents of government, United Nations Development Programme, Central Intelligence Agency, African Development Bank, Freedom House, and other library materials. The study uses the neo-Marxian theory to interrogate the character of the post-colonial state in Africa and its implication on development in Nigeria's fourth republic. It among others finds out that though democratic governance gives credibility and is excluded from the legitimacy crisis, a situation where votes do not count is antithetical to development. Why it submits that democracy is not the absolute necessity for development, it presupposes rather than the pursuit of the principle of the developmental state, which upholds leadership's resolve to develop the country and the capacity of the institutions and a disciplined population as more critical factors needed for development. It recommends the aggressive pursuit of indigenous education and continuous political enlightening and mass movement for the survival of democratic governance through the entrenchment of democratic values, ideals, and ethos.
... The first post-independence National Government was formed by a conservative alliance of the NCNC and the NPC, with Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, a Hausa, becoming Nigeria's first Prime Minister. The Yorubadominated AG became the opposition under its charismatic leader Chief Obafemi Awolowo (cited in Peter, 2012). ...
... Nnamdi Azikiwe) becoming Nigeria's first President. The first republic was bedevilled with untold ethnic and religious tensions heighted "by the disparities in economic and educational development between the south and the north" (Peter, 2012). The political manoeuvring of the first republic that has continued with the three major ethnic groups perpetually engaged on means of edging out one another. ...
... As Nigeria works out representational democracy, conflicts persist between the Executive and Legislative branches over appropriations and other proposed legislation. A sign of federalism has been the growing visibility of State Governors and the inherent friction between Abuja and the State capitals over resource allocation (a document of the United States Department of State cited in Peter, 2012). Despite these challenges, Nigeria has remained a democratic State 19 years after the return of democracy in 1999. ...
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Global migration of people, goods and other natural forces has become a recurrent and popular decimal in the contemporary international system. This made the world a global village that brings everybody in the world together under one opportunity and one peril. The implication of this is that whatever affects one part of the world positively or negatively naturally affects other areas of the world. This made an investigation into the dynamics of international migration and the disaster of internationalisation, particularly as it affects Nigeria in the global age noteworthy. Nigeria has been a victim of several international disasters among which is the 2012 flood disaster that emanated from the Republic of Cameroon. Nigeria's subscription to certain international treaties and obligations has also engendered several disasters among which is the continual erosion of State sovereignty, the Nigerian civil war and the recent upsurge of secessionist struggles, the latest of whose is the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) in the SouthEast and South-South parts of the country, Boko Haram insurgency and herders/farmers crises in the northern part of the country. The study adopted the qualitative method of research. The data of the study was collected from secondary sources such as published materials, internet documents and other unpublished sources. The study adopted the theory of linkage politics to explain the linkage between domestic realities and international issues. The study revealed that there are possibilities of mutual coexistence between Nigeria and her neighbours, but efforts must be intensified to ensure that the border and territorial integrity of the country is preserved.
... The indicators of economic development are: growth, development, and human development index (cited in Peter, 2012). This incorporates the income indicators such as gross domestic product, gross national product, and gross national income and non-income indicators such as the human development index. ...
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The presentation is about the Igala nation and the quest for sustainable development. It emphasis the need for unity, sacrifice and a return to the core norms and values of the Igala people as the bases for entrenching a new political order that will guarantee sustainable development in Igala land.
... The measurement of the degree of economic development of a country may be greatly dependent on its performance on the HDI (Peter, 2012). The HDI is the non-income indicator for assessing the degree of development of a country particularly with emphasis on the welfare of the human population. ...
... *Information is unavailable in the WGIs Under such scenario, no efforts at ideologization of development will work. Peter (2012) suggested that the agencies of government in Nigeria should be firmer in the fight against corruption. This premised on his believe that alleviation or eradication of corruption will significantly aid the drive at development. ...