Geography of infrastructure-related conflicts in the Greater Paris Region from 1975 to 2005 (litigation court sources).
This text aims to present the methodology of study of land-use conflicts performed in recent years by a multidisciplinary team, and to reveal the methods of survey and data collection, as well as the structure of the resulting database. We first define the scope of our study by providing a definition of these conflicts, of their characteristics and...
Context in source publication
... conflicts are a good indicator of the process of peri-urbanization the region has been undergoing, a process that is met with much opposition from populations that reside in the areas concerned. Figure 2 shows that the infrastructure related conflicts are not randomly distributed in the Paris Region. On the contrary, they are concentrated in the area bordering the urban centre of Paris: One can see that the highly urbanized part of the Paris metropolis (Paris and its three bordering departments, or the "petite couronne" -little crown) seems little affected. ...
The use of piles, helical anchors, in general, helical foundations has considerably increased in the last 30 years. The adoption of this technology in the international and domestic codes of each country, as well as in research and studies, and, finally, the publication of numerous books and papers in this area, and the existence of manufacturers'...
Climate change and livelihood are different but interrelated concepts. The impact of dangerous climatic change falls disproportionately on the livelihood systems. Agriculture is one leading contributors to global warming. The gradually increasing environmental degradation reduces the comforts of local communities. It shrinks income opportunities that ultimately enhance the scope of greater food insecurity. The majesty of mitigation and prevention is a significant parameter to promote more productive, resilient livelihoods. It requires policy support, capacity building, and variation in agriculture. Land zoning and land-use management need to consider the spatial parameters of physical vulnerability. Essential strategies aim to strengthen the capacities and resilience of communities to protect lives. The focused objectives of the study are to understand the role of climate on the way of life and give way out. Significant findings are rainfall dispersion, heat-stress highly influenced GDP, and human development index (HDI). Doing so demands greater attention on the societal root causes underlying differences in vulnerability and resilience. Mostly we can say to sustain these specific circumstances, a few advanced extension services such as cropping patterns and production systems would be followed to manage the extremity.
O relatório apresenta os resultados da pesquisa Dinâmicas territoriais e transformações na paisagem nas cabeceiras do Tietê, que tinha um duplo objetivo, de um lado aprofundar as possibilidades teóricas do conceito de paisagem para a análise de dinâmicas territoriais e, por outro, compreender os processos em curso na região do Sistema Produtor Alto Tietê (SPAT), um importante manancial da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, cuja bacia perpassa quatro municípios inseridos na região, Suzano, Biritiba Mirim, Mogi das Cruzes e Salesópolis. A pesquisa analisou a estrutura espacial da região, procurando compreendem, por meio dela, a estrutura social e a paisagem, bem como as alterações ao longo das últimas duas décadas. Como resultado, é possível afirmar que o SPAT se configura como uma paisagem rural, sem alterações relevantes a partir de dinâmicas de expansão das atividades de natureza urbana, embora apresente alterações própria da ruralidade, que poderão redundar em alterações na paisagem, em especial o avanço da silvicultura. Outros dois importantes resultados são a criação da linha de pesquisa Ruralidades Metropolitanas, no grupo de pesquisa Território e Natureza: Planejamento e Gestão, com a atração de pesquisadores de diversos níveis na temática e a constituição de metodologias de análise próprias, e o aprofundamento, em curso dentro desse grupo, dos estudos sobre o conceito de paisagem, em sua relação com o conceito de território.
Along the touristic coastlines, Marine Protected Areas are particularly coveted by an increasing number of visitors. This influx has encouraged the implementation of monitoring and management measures by managers of protected areas that promote tourism consistent with biodiversity conservation. However, the choices that need to be made to enforce these measures are particularly complex for they need to take into account the concerns of not only a territory that produces wealth for the local population and those who live in close proximity (due to the attraction to tourists) but also those of a territory that is sensitive and vulnerable environmentally speaking. With regard to the approach initiated by the Port-Cros National Park on the carrying capacity and character of the Park's core areas, we conducted a conflict diagnosis on Porquerolles, an island within the core area. Our aim was to bring to light the territorial realities relating to past and recent conflict situations, the reasons for disputes and the methods of managing them, thus providing focal points that would be useful to help with implementing measures relating to visitation to the island. This study, comprised of interviews, questionnaires, in-situ observations and analyses of legal documents, enabled us to go back over the conflicting history of the territory. It revealed a characterisation and spatialisation of disputes, including breaches of the Environmental Code. This research provided a framework within which the factors influencing the acceptability of visitor management measures could be reflected upon. Three conditions necessary for acceptability were identified for the island of Porquerolles using the conflict analysis: recognising and addressing a differential threshold of acceptance relating to visitation; strengthening trust between the different stakeholders and the proximities on the territory; envisaging a firmer penal policy to reduce the feeling of injustice associated with specific efforts in environmental protection.