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Geographical Distribution of Provinces in The Rising Star Class in Sector Chemical (24) Source: Own calculation No province is in the rising star category in sectors Fishing (5) and Apparel (18) where the static RCA score is greater than 1. In sector (5), in 2011-2012, 8 provinces are in the category of falling star, 9 provinces in leading retreat and 3 provinces in lagging retreat. In the 2017-2018 period, 14 provinces are in the falling star category and 14 provinces are in the lagging retreat. Balıkesir, Isparta and İzmir, which stand out with their export performances, are included in the falling star category in both periods. Çanakkale and Mersin are in the falling star category in 2011-2012 and leading retreat in 2017-2018. Hatay and Muğla lagging retreat in 2011-2012 and leading retreat category in 2017-2018. Sinop is in the leading retreat category in both periods. Production in sector (18) spread over almost the whole country. While 34 provinces were in the Falling star class in the 2011-2012 period, this number decreased to 29 in 2017-2018. Among the provinces with high RCA scores; Amasya and Izmir are in the lagging retreat and falling star categories, Istanbul and Tekirdağ in the leading retreat and lagging retreat categories, Denizli in falling star and leading retreat, Mardin in falling star and lagging retreat, Adıyaman is in the leading retreat in consecutive periods.

Geographical Distribution of Provinces in The Rising Star Class in Sector Chemical (24) Source: Own calculation No province is in the rising star category in sectors Fishing (5) and Apparel (18) where the static RCA score is greater than 1. In sector (5), in 2011-2012, 8 provinces are in the category of falling star, 9 provinces in leading retreat and 3 provinces in lagging retreat. In the 2017-2018 period, 14 provinces are in the falling star category and 14 provinces are in the lagging retreat. Balıkesir, Isparta and İzmir, which stand out with their export performances, are included in the falling star category in both periods. Çanakkale and Mersin are in the falling star category in 2011-2012 and leading retreat in 2017-2018. Hatay and Muğla lagging retreat in 2011-2012 and leading retreat category in 2017-2018. Sinop is in the leading retreat category in both periods. Production in sector (18) spread over almost the whole country. While 34 provinces were in the Falling star class in the 2011-2012 period, this number decreased to 29 in 2017-2018. Among the provinces with high RCA scores; Amasya and Izmir are in the lagging retreat and falling star categories, Istanbul and Tekirdağ in the leading retreat and lagging retreat categories, Denizli in falling star and leading retreat, Mardin in falling star and lagging retreat, Adıyaman is in the leading retreat in consecutive periods.

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Abstract Globalization increased the importance of export competitiveness. The Balassa index (1965) tries to identify whether a country possesses a ‘revealed’ comparative advantage through analyzing relative export performance, instead of determining the underlying other sources of comparative advantage. Against the criticism for static RCA for fai...

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