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# Finite State Machine Diagram of Vending Machine

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Nowadays, Vending Machines are well known among Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. The quantity of machines in these countries is on the top worldwide. This is due to the modern lifestyles which require fast food processing with high quality. This paper describes the designing of multi select machine using Finite State Machine Model with Auto-Billing F...

## Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... state diagram shown in figure 4 is simulated using Xilinx ISE Simulator. Simulation Waveforms for the selection of four products like snacks is shown in figure 5 and 6 respectively with servicing feature when products are not available in the machine and change return features when the money inserted is more than the money of the product. ...
Context 2
... selection of products and all the states are shown below in figure 4. • When initialize=> money_count=0; Change=0; Product=0; • When select1=> Sel1&!sel2&!sel3&!sel4 When product_available=1 => nx_st1<= waiting1; When product_available=0 => nx_st1<= service1; • When waiting1=> When rs_10&!rs_20 => nx_st1<=state_1; When !rs_10&rs_20=> nx_st1<= state_2; Change=0; product=0; When money_count>=30 nx_st1<= snacks; • When state_1=> Rs_10=1 & rs_20=0; Change=0; Product=0; ...
Context 3
... state diagram shown in figure 4 is simulated using Xilinx ISE Simulator. Simulation Waveforms for the selection of four products like snacks is shown in figure 5 and 6 respectively with servicing feature when products are not available in the machine and change return features when the money inserted is more than the money of the product. Let us take an example that the user wants to take Snacks. When one selects sel1 button, the machine will check that whether the products are available or not, if available then it will go to the waiting state and wait for total money insertion. If rs_10 note is inserted it will go to state_1 and if rs_20 note is inserted it will so to state_2 and check whether money_count>=30 or not. If the money_count >- 30 then machine will go to state snacks and vend the product. If the user wants to cancel the request, can do so by pressing the cancel button and the whole money entered will be returned to the user. This is shown in figure ...

## Citations

... Machine Learning merupakan cabang ilmu komputer yang bisa bekerja tanpa diprogram secara eksplisit. Artinya tampak ada instruksi dan input dari user maka program akan beroperasi secara automatically dan memberikan hasil yang diharapkan, sejumlah peneliti berpikir bagaimana cara untuk membuat kemajuan menuju AI terhadap tingkat (Dean, 2014;Monga, 2012). ...
Article
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Perpindahan uang kartal menjadi uang digital, merupakan salah satu dampak dari berkembangnya suatu sistem transaksi online yang didasari oleh perkembangan teknologi informasi, hal ini mengakibatkan para pelaku bisnis khususnya di bidang retail mencoba memanfaat kan kesempatan ini untuk dapat memasarkan produk – produknya agar lebih dekat dengan pelanggannya, fenomena ini merupakan suatu strategi pemasaran yang modern yang pada tahun – tahun terakhir ini, memberikan inovasi instrumen pembayaran elektronis dengan pemasaran pada suatu mesin penjual otomatis produk makan yang akhir – akhir ini sudah banyak muncul keberadaannya. Namun sayangnya penataan produk pada mesin penjual otomatis tidak menarik pembeli, sehingga banyak produk yang tidak terjual. Melihat kasus ini, penggunaan metode algoritma apriori merupakan salah satu algoritma yang dapat memberikan solusi terhadap produk yang dijual pada mesin penjual otomatis.
... The whole work is done in vivado tool. The state d nature in the state diagram are stored by the two more new staes d & e. the output of the state d in the Moore machine gets vanishes and stays no longer [13]. If in the d state x1=1 the state e output will be generated. ...
Conference Paper
This paper represents generation of a particular sequence with the help of moore machine which is a sequential device. This was implemented with the help of state diagram. The various parameters required for the generation of the sequence are also discussed in this paper. The whole generation and analysis of sequence is done with moore machine as it is very efficient and high speed bit stream generator.
... In recent past years, there were lots of vending machines developed by several research groups such as PLC based change dispensing machine, PLC based automation of multiple fluid vending machines, AVR ATmega8515 based liquid dispensing vending machine, Arduino based reversed vending machine, Finite State Machine based vending machine with auto-billing features, RFID based ration vending machine, and touchscreen-based medical vending machines [12,13,14,15,16,17]. These are commonly known as Non-IoT based vending machines. ...
... Some of the studies have been used digital weight measuring systems [19] and load cell [13] to measure the weight. The finite-state machine-based vending machine is using FBGA Spartan 2 development boards [14] as a controller and is coded by VHDL language [14]. ...
... Some of the studies have been used digital weight measuring systems [19] and load cell [13] to measure the weight. The finite-state machine-based vending machine is using FBGA Spartan 2 development boards [14] as a controller and is coded by VHDL language [14]. ...
Article
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Vending Machines are automated machines that dispense selling products such as snacks, beverages, lottery tickets, and etc. It is vital to save time and reduce human energy. These vending machines are developed in the way of Non IoT-based and IoT based methods. These Non IoT based machines are not smart and are not operated in real-time data, which are functioned when giving cash or card and inputs (vending things) of the machine. It is controlled by a microcontroller and distributed the given inputs. IoT-based machines are computerized, which have cashless payment facilities, order facility before going to the vending machine to order things, and can be identified the location of machines by the customer. These IoT-based machines are assisted by suppliers to identify the availability of the stocks. Simulation software and prototype are used to validate the machines. In this review, it is found that most of the vending machines developed are capable of operating without IoT technology, and nowadays, vending machine systems are required to implement using IoT with machine learning, and artificial technologies to satisfy customer preferences.
... FSM is not output used for language recognition in computers, with the input entered will be obtained whether the input is known by computer language or not. One of the uses of non-output (Monga, 2012;Moore, 2016)FSM is the compiler program, which is a program to check whether the command used by the user is true or false. Meanwhile, the output of FSM is used to design machines or systems. ...
Article
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Educational game is a game that raises local wisdom in which there are values of local wisdom that can be remembered and implemented by users in everyday life. in this educational game made in accordance with the rules needed in the world of education. starting from the elements of game design and techniques used in making games. This application was built using MDLC (Multimedia Development Live Cycle) combined with FSM (Finite State Machine) so that this educational game is very easy to understand and understand by users, especially millennial generation. after the socialization to the millennial generation there was an increase in understanding of the local wisdom of Bogor, especially the Kujang and the batik of Bogor.
... [7]. In one Patent author explain the method for detecting fraud attempts by describing the component use in reverse vending machine and also in vending machine [6], [8], [3], [4]. In [10] author explain the real time implementation of vending machine at bigger level, where user enter in mart and mobile get code through messages. ...
Article
These days the increasing in amount of waste generated by human’s and limited landfill sites for dumping waste, recycling it is one of the novel approaches to manage the waste effectively. The present recycling practice in which the people need to bring the waste in bulk to the recycling centre might bother and become a discouraging factor for them to recycle. To overcome such an issue, an automated recycle bin designed and installed in many countries on subways, malls etc. with a reward featured is developed from a reverse vending machine (RVM) concept. In present time, Reverse Vending Machine is become very popular in countries like Greece, Japan, Europe, South Korea, America and China. Reverse Vending Machine(RVM) reduce employee work, saves time and energy also motivate human’s being, even cost effective. In this paper we explain about the working of Reverse Vending Machine based on fraud detection sensors which start to work after inserting the plastic material into it and that plastic is checked by the series of sensors. There are very attractive rewards for the users of Reverse Vending Machine, they get coins as a reward. This paper explains the simulation of Reverse Vending Machine with fraud detection with Strain Gauge Weight Sensor, Capacitive Proximity Sensors and Infrared Photoelectric Sensor to detect fraud. Reverse Vending Machine process by accepting plastic items and gives coins as a reward according to the weight of plastic items. In this, Reverse Vending Machine supports only plastic items as an input, coins as an output. The Reverse Vending machine(RVM) is simulated and implement using Xilinx in Verilog.
... [7]. In one Patent author explain the method for detecting fraud attempts by describing the component use in reverse vending machine and also in vending machine [6], [8], [3], [4]. In [10] author explain the real time implementation of vending machine at bigger level, where user enter in mart and mobile get code through messages. ...
Article
Full-text available
These days the increasing in amount of waste generated by human's and limited landfill sites for dumping waste, recycling it is one of the novel approaches to manage the waste effectively. The present recycling practice in which the people need to bring the waste in bulk to the recycling centre might bother and become a discouraging factor for them to recycle. To overcome such an issue, an automated recycle bin designed and installed in many countries on subways, malls etc. with a reward featured is developed from a reverse vending machine (RVM) concept. In present time, Reverse Vending Machine is become very popular in countries like Greece, Japan, Europe, South Korea, America and China. Reverse Vending Machine(RVM) reduce employee work, saves time and energy also motivate human's being, even cost effective. In this paper we explain about the working of Reverse Vending Machine based on fraud detection sensors which start to work after inserting the plastic material into it and that plastic is checked by the series of sensors. There are very attractive rewards for the users of Reverse Vending Machine, they get coins as a reward. This paper explains the simulation of Reverse Vending Machine with fraud detection with Strain Gauge Weight Sensor, Capacitive Proximity Sensors and Infrared Photoelectric Sensor to detect fraud. Reverse Vending Machine process by accepting plastic items and gives coins as a reward according to the weight of plastic items. In this, Reverse Vending Machine supports only plastic items as an input, coins as an output. The Reverse Vending machine(RVM) is simulated and implement using Xilinx in Verilog.
... In these circumstances, numerous municipal ordinances are applied to street vending. Certain countries, such as Malaysia and Singapore, allow street vendors and have developed policies for regulating and protecting them (Lau, Hakam, & Liew, 2015;Monga & Singh, 2012). However, in most Asian cities, street vendors do not have a legal status to conduct their business and are rejected from the core areas of large cities (Bhowmik, 2005). ...
Article
Generally found in the old city, “urban crack” refers to a narrow area that is hidden behind a prosperous area and was once flourished but no longer full of energy. Street vendors often regard “urban crack” areas as their main working places because they are from lower socioeconomic groups. However, these vendors occupy cities' marginal spaces during unconventional times, which is a strategy of agency. Choosing the Longfu Temple morning market, a street market in old Beijing city as the study area, this study focused on how the vendors successfully conducted their business in the morning market, which is a type of “urban crack”. Inspired by Cresswell's framework (2010) of the six facets of mobility, the paper constructed a framework for agency to explain street vendors' activities, which includes the following six aspects: motive force, route, speed, rhythm, experience, and friction. Relying on the perspective of time and space, this study revealed that disadvantaged groups represented by morning market vendors are flexible and vigorous. By incorporating agency, these vendors' tactics consider time and space in order to support their way of life. Focusing on street vendors is not a unique case to develop the concept of “urban crack”, this study makes an original contribution to provide a research reference for other countries that are faced with similar social realities.
... In Africa, because of its popularity traditional black soaps are known with different names in different regions of the continent. For instance, in the some western part of Africa, black soap is known as Anago soap, Alata Simena in Ghana, Ose-dudu among the Yorubas in Nigeria [1].Largely ABS production in West Africa today, is still done manually which demands hours of stirring by hand and in the local soap industry, production involves strenuous human efforts. The mixing of ingredients is done with a stick or wooden ladle and this requires a lot of energy and time input by the soap producer. ...
Article
Full-text available
Information and Communications Technology has influenced the need for automated machines that can carry out important production procedures and, automata models are among the computational models used in design and construction of industrial processes. The production process of the popular African Black Soap (ABS), which is widely used for the alleviation of various skin ailments among other uses, is still mostly done manually. In this paper, an automata model was developed for ABS manufacturing process using Moore and Mealy Finite State Machines. Simulation of standard input of raw materials into the machine was achieved using Input-Output methodology with pseudo random number generated input data. The output of this methodology served as the actual fractional contents of the raw ingredients fed into the Moore and Mealy machine. The automata models were simulated for ten runs using application developed with Microsoft Visual C#. The performance of each machine was assessed in order to determine, the most efficient of the machines using execution time as parameter. The simulation results showed that the Mealy Machine is faster than the Moore Machine as evident by the time overhead of over 3hrs in the production time process of ABS.
... Monga and Singh [22] describe design of a vending machine using Finite State Machine Model. ...
... The machine will demand for servicing when the products are not available inside the machine. [22] The authors explain their methodology of design using a flow diagram, shown in figure 14. Figure 15 Figure 16 shows the FM representation of such a vending machine. First, the user pushes a button to select a certain product (1); the action is received by the machine (2) to trigger a report from the storage machine of that product of the count of items in the machine (3)(4)(5). ...
... Contrasting such an FM model with Monga and Singh's [22] diagrams shows the suitability of FM for documentation, team communication, and teaching of VHDL. ...
Conference Paper
This paper discusses the process of generating abstract graphical models from VHDL. This process can be utilized to enhance the maintenance and comprehensibility of legacy textual code by transforming it into more readable and comprehensive models. The paper proposes use of a different diagrammatic language in this field, an alternative to UML. The proposed language is applied to describe the AND gate and half-adder and also to model a vending machine. The resultant high-level descriptions provide a viable tool for understanding VHDL code written by someone else and for documenting, communicating among team members, and teaching of VHDL.
... A vending machine is a machine which automatically provides the sales of items such as food, tobacco, commuter train tickets, pay parking and consumer goods ater customers insert money or a credit card into a payment slot on the vending machine 6,7 . he innovation of the vending machine system has increased substantially. ...
... Kdif. Kint (6) where V si and V di is an integration of V s and V d , parameter C, A, Kdif and Kint are constant values realized from current and voltage signals through analog and digital sections. Electrical energy consumed by electronic device in this system is quantiied in kilowatt-hour (kWh) even though it is not an SI unit. ...
Article
Background/Objectives: Running out of battery on phones, laptops and iPads while in public places is a problem that we are trying to avoid. Power consumption of smartphone and other mobile electronics applications is one of the major concerns due to the limited battery capacity. In public places, the grid power supply socket is difficult to find. This paper describes the development of the electric source vending machine for public used. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Development of this machine involves the structural mechanical design and electronic system. The photo sensor is used to detect the Light-Emitting Diode (LED) blinking from the digital electric meter to count the total power use by the different loads. Standard coin acceptor used to determine whether coins are genuine or counterfeit. Adruino microcontroller serves as the main system that controls and process the entire machine system. Findings: The systems are able produce stable 240 V AC and 5 V DC output voltage. Mobile electronic devices can use the electric source from the machine by connecting the adapter or Universal Serial Bus (USB) wire into the ports in the vending machine. Applications/Improvements: An electric source vending machine was developed. It can it can provide an electric source system in public places. This system provides a stable source of electrical 240 V AC and 5 V DC for charging various mobile electronic devices.