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A, B. Junellia spathulata var. spathulata.-A. Aspecto general (de Cabrera 33382).-B. Detalle de la inflorescencia (de Seijo 1713).-C. Junellia spathulata var. glauca. Detalle de la inflorescencia (de Ruíz Leal 26835).

A, B. Junellia spathulata var. spathulata.-A. Aspecto general (de Cabrera 33382).-B. Detalle de la inflorescencia (de Seijo 1713).-C. Junellia spathulata var. glauca. Detalle de la inflorescencia (de Ruíz Leal 26835).

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Resumen Se presenta una revisión del género Junellia Moldenke, nom. cons. El género comprende 39 especies y seis variedades distribuidas en América del Sur, desde Perú y Bolivia hasta la Argentina y Chile. Se establece un reordenamiento de las categorías infragenéricas a nivel de secciones; se cambia de subgénero Junellia subgén. Thryothamnus (Phil...

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... Botta, 1999: 182, 187, fig. ...
Context 2
... Botta, 1999: 174, 177, fig. ...
Context 3
... Sanzin, 1919: 110, fig. 14 (sub Ver- bena seriphioides); Cabrera, 1957: fig. 1; Morello, 1958: 118, fig. 50; Roig, 1970: 143, lám. 70 (sub V. seriphioides);Ruíz Leal, 1972: 241, lám. 75, fig. 282 (sub V. seriphioides); Botta, 1984: 333, fig. 1 (sub V. seriphioides); Botta, 1993: 68, fig. 29; Botta, 1999: 183, fig. ...

Citations

... arequipensis (Botta) N.OLeary & P.Peralta Description: Distinguished by its yellow to reddish colored corollas, with long tubes. Details: O'Leary & Mulgura (2014),Peralta et al. (2008).Ecology: Andean II-III: 2200-4300 m. Rocky slopes. ...
Book
The catalog describes 1362 species of ferns and flowering plants for the department of Arequipa, more than 200 species more as reported in the last systematic inventory by Quipuscoa, Dillon, & Ortíz in 2006. Ninety-five species are mentioned for the first time for Arequipa and 26 species mentioned in the literature for the department were excluded. In addition to a brief description of the species, the catalog includes information on their ecology, distribution, and human use. In addition to information on systematics and phylogeny, the most important synonyms are listed in the appendix.
... The genus Junellia, belonging to the Verbenaceae family, is represented by around 40 species distributed from Peru and Bolivia to Argentina and Chile, with mainly Andean-Patagonian distribution demonstrating strong adaptation to adverse environmental conditions (O'Leary et al., 2009(O'Leary et al., , 2011;Peralta et al., 2008). In Chile, 22 species inhabit (Rodríguez et al., 2018), five of which are endemic, distributed mainly in the high Andean areas of the arid regions of the north, a few species in the central Andean mountain range and others in the extreme south (Rodríguez et al., 2018) In the Chilean highlands, they are used medicinally to treat digestive disorders, colds, cough, fever and bladder ailments (Trivelli and Huerta, 2014;Ortiz et al., 2019). ...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance Chilean population relies on medicinal plants for treating a wide range of illnesses, especially those of the gastrointestinal system. Junellia spathulata (Gillies & Hook.) Moldenke var. spathulata (Verbenaceae), called as “verbena-azul-de-cordilleira”, is a medicinal plant native to Argentina and Chile traditionally used for treating digestive disorders. Although the species of the genus are important as therapeutic resources for the Andean population, the plants are very scarcely studied. Aims of the study The purpose of the present study was to find out the main constituents and investigate the protective effect of J. spathulata against oxidative stress induced by the potent oxidant 2,2′-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) in human hepatoblastoma cells. Materials and methods The crude methanol extract of J. spathulata and an iridoid obtained by chromatographic processes were tested to access the hepatoprotective effect and cytotoxicity in HepG2 cell. In addition, the reducing power of the samples and their ability to scavenge free radicals were evaluated using FRAP and ORAC assay systems. Results The iridoid asperuloside, the main compound of the crude methanol extract of J. spathulata, was isolated and identified by means of NMR analysis. The crude methanol extract of J. spathulata and asperuloside protected HepG2 cells against oxidative damage triggered by AAPH-derived free radicals. This effect can be credited to the ability of the extract and asperuloside to protect the liver cells from chemical-induced injury, which might be correlated to their free radical scavenging potential. Conclusions This study experimentally evidenced the ethnopharmacological usefulness of J. spathulata as a treatment of digestive disorders. Our result could stimulate further investigations of hepatoprotective agents in other Chilean Junellia species.
... Johow, citada entre las regiones del Maule y Los Lagos, Rhodolirium montanum Phil., citada entre las regiones Metropolitana y Maule, Solaria miersioides, citada para las regiones Metropolitana, Maule y Biobío y, Viola subandina J.M. Watson, citada entre las regiones Metropolitana y Biobío. Como nuevo límite sur, se da cuenta de Herniaria cinerea DC., alóctona asilvestrada, nuevo límite a nivel nacional; citada solo para la Región de Coquimbo y Junellia cinerascens (Schauer) Botta, también citada solo para Coquimbo (Peralta et al. 2008). ...
Article
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The Nature Sanctuary “Serranía El Ciprés” is considered as a hotspot for the conservation of biodiversity at regional and national level in Chile. It is located administratively in the Valparaiso Region. in the Mediterranean eco-region. The objective of this work is to study the richness and composition of its vascular flora. The results indicate that there are at least 297 taxa in the area, belonging to 293 species, 183 genera and 74 families. The best represented families are Asteraceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae. The species richness in relation to the area is greater than expected in central Chile (226-272), where 272 (92.8%) are native, of which 145 (53.3%) are endemic to Chile and 21 (7.2%) are foreign. The predominant Raunkiaer life forms were hemicryptophytes (26.4%), terophytes (23.5%) and camephytes (17.7%). Ten species were officially classified in some categories of conservation, five of them as “vulnerable”, they are Citronella mucronata, Eriosyce aurata, Placea ornata, Porlieria chilensis and Prosopis chilensis. There are also seven new species for the Region.
... Most of the studies cited above did not include any of the several Andean species of Verbeneae ( O'Leary et al., 2007 ;Peralta et al., 2008 ;O'Leary, 2014 ;O'Leary and Múlgura, 2014 ), except for the inclusion of the Ecuadorian monotypic Hierobotana in the analysis of Marx et al. (2010) . Th at study, based on plastid DNA, uncovered a tantalizing placement of this northern Andean endemic as sister to the clade of North American Verbena , but included fewer species of tribe Verbeneae than the earlier studies. ...
... In contrast to Glandularia , Junellia , and Mulguraea , Verbena is distributed throughout the Andes, albeit with diminishing diversity to the north ( O'Leary et al., 2007 ;Peralta et al., 2008 ;O'Leary and Múlgura, 2014 ). Th ough never very abundant or diverse in any particular region, Verbena is distributed mostly in the more xeric habitats in the high puna of the southern Andes, arid Andean foothills, and dry inter-Andean valleys. ...
Article
Premise of the study: Verbenaceae originated and initially diversified in South America in wet forest habitats. They have diversified extensively in arid habitats in both South and North America. This study aims to understand the origin of the North American arid-land members of Verbenaceae. Methods: A phylogenetic approach is used to examine four genera (Aloysia, Citharexylum, Glandularia, Verbena) in three distinct clades with representatives in North American deserts and disjunct South and North American distributions. Phylogenetic analyses were conducted using maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches. Analyses included both plastid and nuclear DNA regions and include the first study of Citharexylum and an expanded sampling of tribe Verbeneae (Glandularia and Verbena). Ancestral areas were reconstructed for each group. Key results: North American desert species of Aloysia and Glandularia were likely derived from ancestors in arid temperate South America, perhaps by long-distance dispersal. The pattern for Verbena was less clear, with evidence from plastid DNA implicating an Andean dispersal route to the North American clade, whereas nuclear data suggest that the Andean and North American species resulted from independent dispersals from southern South America. A previously unrecognized clade of Andean Verbeneae was discovered, raising the possibility of an Andean origin of Verbena or Verbena and Glandularia. North American desert species of Citharexylum represent multiple, independent origins from mesic habitat ancestors in Mesoamerica. Conclusions: North American arid-zone Verbenaceae are derived from South and Central American ancestors via multiple avenues, including long-distance, amphitropical dispersal, Andean migration corridors, and in situ evolution of desert-adapted species.
... Fruto son 4 núculas subtrígonas con 1 semilla en su interior. 105 Arbustiva de 60 a 80 cm de largo. Tallos estriados con pelos rígidos y paralelos. ...
... Fruto son 4 núculas subtrígonas, con una semilla cada una. 105,125 Junellia spathulata ( Arbustiva alta, tallos glabros y cilíndricos, de color verde, rígidos y angostos hacia su extremo. Hojas simples, espatulado-lineales, obtusas, sésiles, pilosas, enteras, revolutas, las superiores son escamiformes. ...
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La presente “Guía de Reconocimiento Especies Dominantes de la Vegetación Región de Coquimbo”, generada en el marco del proyecto “Monitoreo de Cambios, Corrección Cartográfica y Actualización del Catastro de los Recursos Vegetacionales Nativos de la Región de Coquimbo”, representa un aporte al reconocimiento, descripción y conservación de 425 especies vegetales dominantes, de las cuales 371 son autóctonas, lo que representa, aproximadamente, un 25% de la flora vascular de la región.
... Junellia spathulata belongs to the family Verbenaceae, native to Chile and Argentina and grows as a small shrub up 70 cm tall, showing blue and scented flowers (Peralta et al., 2008). ...
... 13) (Appendices S12, S13, see Supplementary Data with the online version of this article), with the exception of several Junellia species, which have enlarged style bases. Within Junellia this character has been used to distinguish the subgenera Junellia and Thryothamnus ( Botta, 1989 ; Peralta et al., 2008 ). Its reconstruction on the phylogeny shows that the presence of an enlarged style base is a nonhomoplasious synapomorphy for the clade of J. tridactylites (Lag.) ...
... 12, state 0). Within Lantaneae, all genera except Coelocarpum O'LEARY ET AL.—MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS IN VERBENACEAE Peralta et al. (2008) referred to as section Junellia , is supported by two synapomorphic traits, enlarged style base (char. 13, state 1) and shrubby or small tree habit (char. ...
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Premise of the study: A new infrafamilial circumscription of the Verbenaceae with eight tribes: Casselieae, Citharexyleae, Duranteae, Lantaneae, Neospartoneae, Petreeae, Priveae, and Verbeneae, has been recently proposed, on the basis of molecular phylogenetic studies. Two genera, Dipyrena and Rhaphithamnus, remain unplaced. The aim of this work is to reconstruct the evolutionary history of morphological characters traditionally employed in the classification of the Verbenaceae, with special attention to tribes Verbeneae and Lantaneae. Methods: Twenty-one characters, related to habit and vegetative morphology, inflorescence and floral morphology, ovary and fruit morphology, as well as chromosome number, were optimized over a molecular phylogeny of Verbenaceae. Key results: All tribes are supported by at least one morphological trait except tribes Duranteae and Citharexyleae. Suffrutescent habit, sessile flowers, and four cluses are synapomorphies for tribe Verbeneae. Gynoecium with short style and entire stigma are synapomorphic traits for tribe Lantaneae. Sessile flowers and unicarpellate ovaries are morphological synapomorphies for the new tribe Neospartoneae. Suffrutescent habit is a synapomorphic trait for tribe Priveae. Homothetic pleiobotrya and absence of the adaxial staminode are synapomorphic traits for tribe Casselieae. Undivided fleshy fruits are probably a synapomorphic trait for tribe Petreeae. Putative plesiomorphies for the ancestor of the Verbenaceae are discussed as well as synapomorphic traits within other Verbenaceae clades. Conclusions: Many of the characters traditionally employed in classification have proven to be very homoplastic, or have been shown not to support relationships within the family. Moreover, traditional assumptions concerning character polarity have in some cases been shown to be incorrect.
... The Verbena/Glandularia/Junellia complex (Verbena complex sensu Yuan and Olmstead, 2008a) contains ca. 170 species (O'Leary et al., 2007, in press;Peralta et al., 2008;Peralta, 2009), and the Lantana/Lippia/Aloysia complex comprises 200-400 species (Sanders, 2001;Atkins, 2004). Two other genera that probably have over 50 species are Citharexylum and Starchytarpheta, although species number estimates for them vary drastically among different authors (Moldenke, 1958;Sanders, 2001;Atkins, 2004). ...
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The pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) gene family, with hundreds of members in land plant genomes, has been recognized as a tremendous resource for plant phylogenetic studies based on publicly available genomic data from model organisms. However, whether this appealing nuclear gene marker system can be readily applied to non-model organisms remains questionable, particularly given the potential uncertainties in designing specific primers to only amplify the locus of interest from the sea of PPR genes. Here we demonstrate empirically the use of PPR genes in the family Verbenaceae and the Verbena complex. We also lay out a general scheme to design locus-specific primers to amplify and sequence PPR genes in non-model organisms. Intergeneric relationships within the family Verbenaceae were fully resolved with strong support. Relationships among the closely related genera within the Verbena complex and among some species groups within each genus were also well resolved, but resolution among very closely related species was limited. Our results suggest that PPR genes can be readily employed in non-model organisms. They may be best used to resolve relationships in a spectrum from among distantly related genera to among not-so-closely related congeneric species, but may have limited use among very closely related species.
... A recent taxonomic treatment of Junellia ( Peralta et al. 2008 ) recognized two subgenera: Junellia and Thryothamnus , each composed of three sections. Subgenus Junellia is characterized by an enlarged style base covering the mericarp apex, whereas the style base in subgenus Thryothamnus is somewhat inserted between the four mericarps, as is the case in the rest of Verbeneae. ...
... Subgenus Thryothamnus was initially recognized as a genus by Philippi (1895 ) and is distinguished by its deeply 5-sected calyx and its cylindrical stems. Junellia as currently circumscribed ( Botta 1989 ; Peralta et al. 2008 ) is not monophyletic based on previous studies using chloroplast DNA and nuclear waxy , PHOT1 and PHOT2 genes ( Yuan and Olmstead 2008a , b ). These results are here confirmed by our expanded chloroplast DNA data and the newly generated ETS/ITS data (see Figs. 1 – 2 ), which suggest that species from Junellia subgenus Thryothamnus sect. ...
... Our results show that Junellia s. s. is restricted to four of the six sections classified by Peralta et al. (2008 ). These are sects. ...
Article
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Verbenaceae tribe Verbeneae includes three major genera, Verbena, Glandularia, and Junellia, which form a recently diversified group. Junellia is a South American genus, whereas Verbena and Glandularia are distributed in temperate regions of both South and North America. Seven noncoding chloroplast regions were sequenced including intergenic spacers and/or introns in trnD-trnT, trnS-trnG, trnS-trnfM, trnT-trnL, trnG, trnL, and trnL-trnF; the nuclear ITS and ETS regions were also sequenced. Together with previous studies, these results suggest that Junellia, as traditionally conceived, is a paraphyletic group of two separate clades. Junellia should be restricted to the clade containing the type, J. micrantha, which also includes Glandularia subgenus Paraglandularia and the genus Urbania. Consequently Urbania and Glandularia subgenus Paraglandularia are reduced to synonymy under Junellia, and eight new combinations in Junellia are proposed: Junellia ballsii, J. crithmifolia, J. fasciculata, J. hookeriana, J. lucanensis, J. occulta, J. pappigera and J. origenes. The remaining Junellia species form a monophyletic group here designated as the new genus Mulguraea, with 13 new combinations: Mulguraea arequipense, M. asparagoides, M. aspera var. aspera, M. aspera var. longidentata, M. cedroides, M. cinerascens, M. echegarayi, M. hystrix, M. ligustrina var. ligustrina, M. ligustrina var. lorentzii, M. scoparia, M. tetragonocalyx and M. tridens. Verbena and Glandularia s. s. are both monophyletic based on ETS/ITS data, but neither is monophyletic based on cpDNA data. Relationships within each genus are still not wholly resolved, nevertheless there is evidence that South and North American Verbena might both be monophyletic. Verbena and Glandularia are sister groups, and together they are sister to the reconstituted Junellia. Mulguraea is sister to the group comprising all the three genera, Verbena, Glandularia, and Junellia.
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Este trabajo se enmarca en el desarrollo del ramo Botánica Aplicada de IRNR. Es el resultado de tres años de recopilación de apuntes de alumnos y la información extraída de diversas fuentes bibliográficas, el que no sólo puede ser utilizado por estos profesionales, sino que también es de gran utilidad para Ingenieros Agrónomos, Biólogos Ambientales y cualquier estudiante que desee tener conocimientos básicos sobre la flora de nuestro país. El principal objetivo de esta recopilación es que los alumnos de la carrera tengan la información taxonómica de algunas de las familias más relevantes de la flora de Chile en una sola fuente y logren aprender y comprender de mejor manera la información necesaria en su desarrollo como profesionales.