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Factors affecting the composition and function of gut microbiota. While a healthy microbial community is vital to assist the host in maintaining good health, microbial dysbiosis can cause disease (Image created in CorelDraw).

Factors affecting the composition and function of gut microbiota. While a healthy microbial community is vital to assist the host in maintaining good health, microbial dysbiosis can cause disease (Image created in CorelDraw).

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... evidence suggests that dietary habits like high-sugar food and saturated fats, trans-fatty acids increases the risk of chronic vascular disease by elevating blood serum concentrations of total and LDL cholesterol, contributing to anxiety and mood disorders presenting a bi-directional associations with obesity [10]. With host genetics, factors like geographical location, stress across the life span, age and gender, excessive/inappropriate antibiotics or drug use, consequences of socioeconomic development like increased sedentariness or less physical activity has become a threat to the diversity of the gut microbiome ( Figure 1). ...

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