Extended range electric vehicle (EREV) powertrain configuration and power flow. 

Extended range electric vehicle (EREV) powertrain configuration and power flow. 

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The extended range electric vehicle (EREV) can store much clean energy from the electric grid when it arrives at the charging station with lower battery energy. Consuming minimum gasoline during the trip is a common goal for most energy management controllers. To achieve these objectives, an intelligent energy management controller for EREV based o...

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... EREV powertrain model considered in this study is schematically shown in Figure 1. The black line represents the mechanical connection. ...
Context 2
... E per consumed by NN C1 , NN C2 and NN C3 is defined as E per_120 , E per_200 and E per_400 , respectively. A diagram showing the operation of the controller selection module in IEMC_NN is shown in Figure 11. The detailed control rules are described as follows: ...
Context 3
... selection module in the IEMC_NN can intelligently employ an appropriate NN controller. Its operating method is illustrated in Figure 12. The destination location is set at 165 km in this case, and the EREV is fully charged at the initial location. ...
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... CD/CS controller was also applied to this cycle as a comparison. The simulation results are shown in Figure 13. The IEMC_NN controller battery SOC slowly decreased to 30% as the EREV passed the 120-km mark. ...
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... control methods, namely, IEMC_NN, NN C1 controller only and CD/CS controller, were compared under this driving cycle. Their simulation results are shown in Figure 15. The simulation results show the battery SOC trajectory can be divided into two stages for the IEMC_NN. ...
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... one method, the NN C1 controller remained unchanged; in another, the IEMC_NN was applied to adjust the controller intelligently, and in the last method, the CD/CS algorithm was applied. The simulation results are shown in Figure 16. ...
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... equivalent economy improvements for the IEMC_NN and CD/CS controller are shown in Figure 17. All the improvement results were determined through the equivalent fuel consumption calculation method. ...

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