Effects of scoring first, quality of opposition, playing in different surface, substitutions and cards on match outcome when play at home or away (no standardized beta coefficients, standard error and standardized ß into parentheses). 

Effects of scoring first, quality of opposition, playing in different surface, substitutions and cards on match outcome when play at home or away (no standardized beta coefficients, standard error and standardized ß into parentheses). 

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Team sports performance analysis usually uses samples of high performance teams and athletes. Those studies, although useful to trainers and players, are hardly applicable on different contexts. The goal of this study was to analyze the effects of the situational variables on the final score and competition in youth soccer. To achieve this, all gam...

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... this case, when playing away, is better when the difference between the teams is less. Finally, the amount of cards has a negative influence on the match outcome on home teams, meanwhile it doesn't influence the final score on away teams (Table 3). On the other hand, standardized â coefficients show that the rival team's quality is the most important variable while playing home, whereas, while playing away, the most important variable is scoring first. ...

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... Irrespective of the methodological approach, most studies on situational variables and goal scoring, or competitive performance, have focused on professional football. Surprisingly, there is a striking paucity of research on youth football (Caballero, et al., 2017;Jaime, et al., 2022); as far as we are aware, only a handful of studies have tackled the issue. Staufenbiel et al. (2018) revealed the presence of the home advantage effect (i.e., teams are more successful playing at home than away) in high-level youth football in Germany, across all age groups (U11, U13, U15, U17, and U19), except for the U9. ...
... Remarkably, the home advantage magnitude increased with age. The importance of match location, scoring first, quality of opposition, the number of substitutions and cards received on match outcome was shown in a regional U18 football league in Spain (Caballero, et al., 2017). The quality of opposition also impacted some play patterns related to the beginning, build-up, and outcome of offensive sequences in a highlevel U17 Brazilian team (Jaime, et al., 2022). ...
... Both statistical methods revealed a significant effect of match location on the goal-scoring period. Our results showed that home teams scored more goals in the early stages of matches, which tend to be more critical for the match outcome (Caballero, et al., 2017;Carmo, et al., 2021;Martínez & González-García, 2019), and that is when players experience the most demanding passages of play (Oliva-Lozano, et al., 2021). Recent studies have indicated that home teams are more likely to score goals and win matches irrespective of their age group or competitive level (amateur, semi-professional, and professional), a phenomenon known as the "home advantage effect" (Almeida & Volossovitch, 2017;Fernández-Cortés, et al., 2022;Staufenbiel, et al., 2018). ...
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Research crossing the effects of situational variables with the temporal analysis of goals scored in football is scarce, particularly in youth football. Hence, the present study aimed to (1) analyse the effects of match location, match status, team quality, goal criticality, and age group on match periods in which goals are scored in male youth football, and (2) examine whether the age group (U17, U19, and U23) influences the emergence of critical moments in matches from the Portuguese national championships. The sample consisted of 2,591 goals scored in the U17, U19, and U23 Portuguese national championships during the 2019/2020 season. Chi-square tests revealed that match location, match status, goal criticality, and age group were significantly associated with the goal-scoring period. During the first halves, more goals were scored (1) when playing at home, (2) when teams were tied or losing by one goal (critical circumstances) and (3) by U17 teams. A multinomial logistic regression model revealed that the chances of scoring in the sixth period (vs the first) significantly decreased when playing at home, and in U17 and U19 matches. The U23 teams were more likely to score in the last period regardless of goal criticality. However, the interaction effect of team quality x age group suggests that U17 and U19 teams are more prone to score in later match periods when team ability is equated. These findings enable coaches to improve the tactical, physical, and psychological preparation for competitive youth matches depending on the target age group.
... A considerable part of the studies on tactical actions have adopted the evaluation of the players' performance based on unilateral criteria, which may neglect the interaction of different parameters that cooperate for the manifestation of tactical qualities (Folgado, Bravo, Pereira & Sampaio, 2018). In order to fill part of this gap, recent studies with multilateral perspectives aimed to understand the effects of contextual aspects, such as match location (Caballero, García-Rubio & Ibáñez, 2017;Pic & Castellano, 2017), quality of the opponent (Caballero, García-Rubio & Ibáñez, 2017;Gómez, Mitrotasios, Armatas & Lago-Peñas, 2018;Errekagorri, Castellano & Echeazarra, 2020), competitive level (Borges et al., 2019), and match status Praça, Lima, Bredt, Sousa, Clemente & Andrade, 2019) on tactical actions by players and teams. ...
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... As observed, the quality of the opponent is suggested to be a contextual variable that can significantly affect performance (Caballero, García-Rubio & Ibáñez, 2017). For example, research highlights those elite professional players, when confronting teams of inferior quality, tend to offensively occupy larger areas in width and depth (Castellano, Álvarez, Figueira, Coutinho & Sampaio, 2013), in addition to having a greater relative probability of scoring the goal at each shot, regardless of the effect of opposing pressure and the numerical relationship in the centre of the game (Gonzalez-Rodenas, Mitrotasios, Aranda & Armatas, 2020). ...
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... Similarly, there is a study that analyzed the matches in a competition during the 2009 to 2013 seasons to identify the influence of different situational variables on performance indicators and the results obtained [19]. Situational variables are frequently analyzed [20,21], including the observed score or the kind of competition [22] as well as match status (whether the team wins, ties or loses) [23,24]. Other works also analyze variables focused on the game, such as the end zones [25], the actions in attack situations [26] and processes or game models [27]. ...
... The overall success or failure in the competition is directly related to the phases that teams ultimately play, in addition to the final classification. In Fa5, as in conventional football, qualifying matches can be influenced by playing time, the number of fouls, cards shown [14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30], corner kicks received [22], and the rhythm of teams and even injuries suffered during the match. Therefore, Fa5 coaches have to design training tasks where different match situations are worked on and select the most suitable players to be successful in the crucial moments of the competition phases. ...
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Resumen. Los entrenadores y preparadores físicos deben conocer las demandas físicas y fisiológicas del hockey hierba para poder programar los entrenamientos orientados a las necesidades de la competición. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar los patrones de movimiento en competición en jugadoras de hockey hierba en a lo largo de los cuatro periodos de partido. Participaron 18 jugadoras (22.8 ± 2.9 años), las cuales fueron monitorizadas mediante GPS y pulsómetro. Las jugadoras recorrieron 6668 m, de los cuales 276 fueron a alta intensidad (>18 km·h-1), con una velocidad media de 99.33 m·min-1 y se realizaron 7.28 sprints (>20 km·h-1) por partido. Las jugadoras que completaron todo el partido disminuyeron la distancia recorrida en el último cuarto (p < .001), no siendo así en las sustitutas. La frecuencia cardiaca máxima alcanzada en el último cuarto fue menor que en los anteriores (p < .001). Podemos considerar el hockey como un deporte de intensidad intermitente capaz de producir fatiga, por lo que los cambios rotatorios en el partido deben ser bien gestionados por los entrenadores. Palabras clave: Rendimiento, sprint, aceleración, frecuencia cardiaca, patrón de movimiento. Abstract. Coaches and physical trainers must know the physical and physiological demands of field hockey to be able to tailor trainings based on the specific competition needs. The objective of the study was to analyze the patterns of movement of field hockey players during competition throughout four match quarters. A total of 18 players (22.8 ± 2.9 years of age), were monitored with GPS and heart rate monitor. The players covered 6,668 m, 276 of which were at high intensity (>18 km·h-1); an average speed of 99.33 m·min-1 and 7.28 sprints (> 20 km·h-1) were recorded by match. Those players who played the full match decreased the distance covered in the last quarter (p <.001), substitutes not displaying that trend. The maximum heart rate reached in the last quarter was lower than in the previous ones (p <.001). We can consider hockey as an intermittent intensity sport producing fatigue, therefore coaches should manage rotational changes during match with efficiency.