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ELEA 9003 Computer System, design for the alphabet of a new sign system: Design:Tomás Maldonado, Gui Bonsiepe for Olivetti S. p. A. Milan. (1960/61). Source:Ulm 8/9 (September 1963): 20- 24, 22.  

ELEA 9003 Computer System, design for the alphabet of a new sign system: Design:Tomás Maldonado, Gui Bonsiepe for Olivetti S. p. A. Milan. (1960/61). Source:Ulm 8/9 (September 1963): 20- 24, 22.  

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The use of computational processes in architecture is a widespread practice which draws on a set of theories of computer science developed in the 60s and 70s. With the advent of computers, many of these methodologies were developed in research centres in the USA and the UK. Focussing on this period, this paper investigates the importance of the Ger...

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This master thesis outlines a historic perspective of digital design focusing in the architectural processes. computer use and the use of computational methods in architectural design, through specific software, has been studied by several authors in the architectural field, considering the changes in the creative process and in other forms of design. However, the origin of this change has not been emphasized, making it urgent to bring back the historical memory about the context and the protagonists of this transformation that has marked so much the of the 21st century architecture. It is intended to highlight the origins of digital design and to look at the changes that architectural design has suffered with the use of digital media, first in academia, in the sixties and seventies and later with CAD (computer-aided design) software large availability in the eighties and nineties. Ivan Sutherland’s PhD dissertation Sketchpad: A man-machine graphical communication system, submitted in 1963, marks the digital beginning of the architectural design. It is the visionary capacity of some academics, and, especially, of Sutherland that makes possible the creation of the first interactive CAD program that allowed to draw without pencil and paper. The computer screen, in a time in the computers were expensive and enormous, it assumes an important part in the paradigm shift. The outline of a digital design historical perspective at an international level is the master thesis main objective, to be done through bibliographic research of the work of academics and of relevant schools to the digital revolution of the 20th century. The dissertation is structured in three parts. In the first part, the first chapter highlights the antecedents and the connection of architecture to science, to computation and industry. The second part describes the start of the digital change through the development of the first interactive CAD systems and the contribution of five pioneers of the digital design. The third part consists in a practical case report of the application of digital media to urban renewal.