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Different types of the trees shape  

Different types of the trees shape  

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A study on street planting was carried out in Shah Alam city. The importance of such study has become increasingly essential due to the public's awareness on landscape planting. The aim of this study is to compare the preferences of the public and the experts on the street planting composition. Using the Likert scale, 296 respondents evaluated the...

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... In order to improve the urban tree management performance, it is imperative to consider the sensitivity of local people when making urban planning and management decisions (Camacho-Cervantes et al., 2014). In general, the results of this study concur with the findings of previous studies related to life quality, human behavior and environment (Badrulhisham and Othman, 2016;Gerstenberg and Hofmann, 2016;Othman et al., 2015). Considering the requisition of MPKj's residents, using the actual of social concern in a wide sense, Table 3 shows that people's dissatisfaction with the management refers to maintenance intensity, species suitability, the tree risk management and staffing of which underlies the most safety concern (Fernandes et al., 2019;Hamzah et al., 2017). ...
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Despite the vast research by scholars on urban tree management, little is known about the perspective of public dissatisfaction in relation to the tree management status. The overall viewpoint that emerges from the literature is negative: Slow reaction, complaint-based action, mismanagement and incompetence. To justify and fully enhance landscape quality, it is important to address and minimize public dissatisfaction factors. The aim of this initial study in Kajang was to contribute to the emerging understanding of public dissatisfaction on urban tree management performance. This study presents the analysis of 640 public applications for tree removal due to dissatisfaction derived from the Kajang Municipal Council localities of which the information originates from a public complain database. From public applications for tree removal, their dissatisfaction factors are categorized into 5 major traits on tree management performance; garbage generation, dangerousness, oldness, poor workmanship and interference or obstruction under 4 criteria; management intensity, species suitability, tree risk management and staffing. The outcomes add nuance to the understanding of the trees that have received an application for removal-it indicates that they are poorly managed. This study set the standard in urban tree management journals and differences from other studies with the addition of two variables which is the poor workmanship and interference or obstruction for indicating the performance of urban tree management. In using an untapped source of primary indicators; public dissatisfaction statement with tree management; this study will contribute to future research on similar topics and light up the existing ambiguity on tree management performance.
... The paper-based instrument is the most popular instrument of the time. Among the QOL theme scholars, Sulaiman, Hasan, and Jamaluddin, (2016) and Othman and Mat (2015) studies are the examples of face to face distribution using the paper-based measurement instrument. In their quantitative research, they developed the questioner and the potential respondents self-administered the designed instrument. ...
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The use of paper-based questionnaires for data collection tends to increase costs, duration and difficulty in distributing survey instrument due to geographical factors. Meanwhile, the online distribution promises more comfortable and time-saving circulation. However, the low response rates via email are often discussed by numerous social scholars. Thus, this study adapts online applications such as an instant message via Whatsapp as a data collection tool that enables a high rate of return promptly. Therefore, this study aims to promote instant messaging application as an effective quantitative data collection method. Thus, two objectives designed in this study; (1) to identify the practical data collection method that is appropriate for facility managers and (2) to analyse the responses among facility managers received from various collection techniques employed. A total of 942 measurement instrument distributed using two appropriate procedure; (1) online questionnaire (2) paper-based questionnaire. The online questionnaire designed using the Google Form distributed by email and instant message (Whatsapp application). Meanwhile, the paper-based survey distributed via face to face interview. At the end of the study, indicates that the use of the online questionnaire survey through Whatsapp application contributes to the highest rate of return (74.14%) when compared to the distribution method via email (14.53%) shows the lowest return rate. This study has also identified that all responses via Whatsapp were usable and valid to analysed. Meanwhile, contradict with email distribution showed 30 non-usable survey responded by the respondent and need to removed in this study due to rejected and not qualified to answer the data. Indeed, the instant online communication is more likely to attract the attention of the facility manager to respond to this study. Moreover, conducting a questionnaire survey through a user-friendly method can achieve a higher return of response rates, more cost-effective, more time-saving, easy to manage and easy to control bias sampling
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Chinese commercial pedestrian streets have developed rapidly in recent years. However, people’s preferences were not sufficiently considered and reflected in the outdoor space and landscape design. With the outdoor landscapes along commercial pedestrian streets in the region south of the Five Ridges as the research objects, this study revealed the public’s different preference evaluations of the landscapes under the reciprocal effects of street characteristics. The main results were as follows: (a) When arcade spaces were available, people prefer streets with taller trees and a lower planting density (50 plants/km or less). Conversely, they preferred streets with relatively low trees (3–6 m), a higher planting density (100–200 plants/km) and two or more vertical layers of plants. People did not like the way that plants are lined in the middle of a street. (b) When there were only one or two types of signage hanging, people preferred streets with a moderate planting density (50–100 plants/km); and there were three or more types of signage hanging, people preferred the plants with low linear density (50 plants/km or less) and that were arranged along one or two sides of the street. (c) When benches were available, people preferred streets with plants on one or both sides, fewer plant colours (one or two kind of colours) and better plant growth status. Specifically, the richer the vertical structure and the bigger number of colours were, the higher the preference score. This study provided design schemes to enhance the visual quality of landscapes by improving landscape characteristics in similar outdoor spaces.
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Planting composition (PC) is designed to be aesthetically pleasing, functional utilizing and ecologically sustaining. In landscape research, a plant is a powerful element in assessing visual quality. Visual quality for each landscape depends on the visual composition of plants. The study on landscape assessment in a campus is commonly correlated with green space. However, the composition and design of planting in the green spaces on campus grounds have not been considered yet. Therefore, this study aims to explore the influence of PC towards visual quality and its relationships with the well-being of students. The conceptual model is composed of endogenous latent variables (LVs) according to the pattern of visual composition namely coherence, complexity, legibility and mystery. The exogenous LVs is PC and well-being. Positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning and accomplishment (PERMA) are the items used to test the relationship with the pattern of PC. This study applied confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with pilot data to measure the relationship between LVs. The result validates that PC should consider 5 pillars of well-being which is PERMA to serve students with better visual access to landscape on campus.
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Good tree management is the key basis for greener campus of the future. Lacking in tree management in term of knowledge is one of the factors that trees will produce hazards to the students and staffs at the campus. Two objectives of this study are (i) to determine the user comfort attributes that significantly influent the safety landscape and (ii) to create the theoretical framework for tree management in campus design. The qualitative method was chosen in this study. This study provides the guidance for the landscape architect to make the right design decision to ensure the user comfortability for safety built landscape environment.
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This study explored the role of landscape architect in choosing trees for urban fabric. Two objectives have been formulated (i) to examine the process in selecting tree species among landscape architects and (ii) to determine the relationship between process and environmental constraints in selecting tree species for urban fabric. The findings showed that certain criteria of the environmental constraints are positively correlated and have strong relationship with tree selection process. The role of landscape architect is pertinent in tree selection. The findings of this research will contribute to process improvement in selecting tree species by landscape architects in the future.