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Differences in using English in ENL, ESL, EFL, and ELF contexts

Differences in using English in ENL, ESL, EFL, and ELF contexts

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Article
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In the Palestinian context, no studies have been conducted within the multilingualism perspectives. This article aims to address this gap in the literature. Recognising the multilingual perspective, current uses, the diverse norms, and the sociolinguistic reality of English, this article explored the possibility of a multilingual turn in ELT. The n...

Context in source publication

Context 1
... outer circle refers to the countries where English has a colonial history and is now used as a second language (ESL) alongside other official languages (Malaysia, Singapore, and Kenya, for example). The expanding circle represents the remaining countries where English is used as a foreign language (EFL), that is to say, in order to facilitate communication with the language's native speakers in the inner circle countries (See table 1 below). ...

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