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Details of the head capsule and forcipules of the scolopendromorph Scolopendra hainanum (a) and the scutigeromorph Scutigera coleoptrata (b)  
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... of Venomous Animals and Their Toxins DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-6727-0_1-1 # Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015 condyles and muscles provide mobility (although limited) to the trochantero-prefemur in the three plans; the femur and the tibia are limited to lateral movements (Pleurostigmophora) or vertical movements (Notostigmophora) (Fig. ...

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... This structure is separated from more proximal parts of the conducting canal (= duct) by a conspicuous, valve-like struc- ture (cf., Fig. 4.8D in Rosenberg et al. (2011)). The gland furthermore contains a cuticle-enforced duct (calyx) before it reaches particular surface areas of the body cuticle like, for instance, the sternal pore plates in case of geophilomorph sternal (defence) glands ( Fig. 7.2) or the inner rim of the tarsungulum of the forcipule as in case of chilopod venom glands ( Dugon 2017). Accompanying muscle fibres individually lining each gland module may support the release of the secretion. ...