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Degrees in computer and information sciences conferred by US postsecondary institutions. (Source: Digest of Education Statistics, 2016, US National Center for Education Statistics, https://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2017094)

Degrees in computer and information sciences conferred by US postsecondary institutions. (Source: Digest of Education Statistics, 2016, US National Center for Education Statistics, https://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2017094)

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How will continuing developments in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning influence IT professionals? This article approaches this question by identifying the factors that influence the demand for software developers and IT professionals, describing how these factors relate to AI, and articulating the likely impact on IT professionals.

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Context 1
... efficiencies through the World Wide Web drove demand for software such as enterprise resource planning (ERP) software. In turn, this demand for software accelerated the number of computer science degrees during the mid-1980s and late 1990s, as shown in Figure 1. In this way, the codification and standardization enabled by IT created significant new demand for IT and the software programming profession during the 1980s and 1990s. ...
Context 2
... this IDC estimate with the US Census Bureau data in Figure 2 and the NASSCOM data above suggests that about 15 percent of software development professionals are in the US, and about 30 percent of software development professionals are in India. Figure 1 shows that the number of bachelor's degrees in computer and information science declined by 26 percent from 2004-2005 to 2009-2010, but then increased sharply from [2009][2010] to reach an all-time high in 2014-2015. The sharp decline in computer and information science degrees might have been due to concerns about offshoring because we do not see a decline in two related fields (business and engineering/engineering technologies) from 2004-2005 to 2009- 2010, where the number of bachelor's degrees in business increased by 15 percent, and the number of bachelor's degrees in engineering and engineering technologies increased by 12 percent. ...

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... https://doi.org/10.1109/ADEVC.2004.12. Mithas, S.,Kude, T., & Whitaker, J. (2018). Artificial intelligence and IT professionals. ...
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