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DANSE system engineering life cycle, from [6]. 

DANSE system engineering life cycle, from [6]. 

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Conference Paper
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The CPSoS project is developing a roadmap for future research and innovation in cyber-physical systems of systems. This paper presents preliminary findings and proposals that are put forward as a result of broad consultations with experts from industry and academia, and through analysis of the state of the art in cyber-physical systems of systems.

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... the operational stage necessitates new engineering frameworks that support the specification, adaptation, evolution, and maintenance of requirements, structural and behavioural models, and realizations not only during design, but over their complete life cycle. An example of such a life cycle is the DANSE system engineering life cycle shown in Fig. 2 which features a continuous SoS management phase [6]. The challenges in rolling out SoS are the asynchronous life cycles of the constituent parts and also the fact that many components are developed independently and that legacy systems may only be described ...

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... It entails the continuous communication, updating and analyzing of data shared between physical devices (such as sensors) and cyber platforms and infrastructures (such as cloud computing technologies) over diverse network structures, running multiple applications [1]. Hence, it is being applied in the development of smart cities, smart healthcare, smart transport, and logistics systems, smart grids and utility systems, etc. [2]. ...
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... In [16] the environmental perception as control ability in the CPS is introduced. A very extensive overview of different definitions of CPS is given in [17]. ...
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