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Correlation matrix between variables.

Correlation matrix between variables.

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. This study investigates the main variables and policies that affect FDI inflows and evaluates the effectiveness of these policies on attracting FDI inflows in five North African countries, namely Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia. To achieve that aim, a panel data of North Africa countries is used within the timeframe of 1996 to 2013, t...

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... A study of Musabeh and Zouaoui (2020) investigated the determinants of FDI inflows and impact of FDI-policies adopted by the host countries in North Africa, namely Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia over the period 1996-2013. The independent variables have been categorized into different classifications as economic variables, institutional variables, and political variables, with two kinds of investment policies. ...
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In this increasingly globalized era, foreign direct investments are considered to be one of the most important sources of external financing for all countries. This paper investigates the causal relationship between trade openness and foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows in Romania during the period 1997–2019. Throughout this study, Trade Openness is the main independent variable, and Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Real Effective Exchange Rate (EXR), Inflation (INF), and Education (EDU) act as control variables for investigating the relationships between trade openness (TOP) and FDI inflow in Romania. The Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Bounds test procedure was adopted to achieve the above-mentioned objective. Trade openness has negative and statistically significant long-run and short-run relationships with FDI inflows in Romania throughout the period. Trade openness negatively affects the FDI inflow, which suggest that the higher the level of openness is, the less likely it is that FDI will be attracted in the long run. The result of the Granger causality test indicated that Romania has a unidirectional relationship between trade openness and FDI. It also showed that the direction of causality ran from FDI to trade openness.
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