Conceptual drawings of a green building, indicating features (top)  and components (bottom) .
Public and scientific focus of interest on climate changes, population increase, rapid urbanization is rising day by day. Thus, increased demand for green buildings that reduces negative impacts, and can creates positive impacts on climate, natural environment and sustainable development is a new topic. Green buildings must be not only eco-friendly...
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... is a consensus in the literature thatgreen buildings perform better than traditional (non-green) buildings in a number of performance/application areas .Green building designs are applicableforvarious real estate projects such as: (i) Residential (Housing and Development), (ii) Industrial (Plants, Factories, Industrial Parks,etc.), (iii) Corporate (Office, Research Centres) and (iv) Commercial (Retail: Hotels, Shops, Malls, Showrooms, etc.) .Conceptual drawings of a green building are shown in Figure 1 [13,14].  and components (bottom) . ...
The architectural design and environmental treatments have shown a large impact on environmental indoor performance and energy efficiency of buildings. Designers have been working on more efficient buildings using tools like the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) which is developed within the US Green Building Council (USGBC). Thi...
Green buildings play a strategic role in making an essential contribution to sustainability by increasing energy efficiency, improving indoor air quality, and treating effective waste. However, the implementation of green buildings will be much more effective if the community participates and collaborates in implementing the green building concept in the built environment. The level of community involvement is likely to be influenced by green building literacy, which can be implemented through formal and informal education. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the literacy level of green buildings in Indonesian society, especially among undergraduate students who will later play a significant role in the transition towards massive green building implementation in Indonesia. In order to determine the green buildings literacy, a framework based on the cognitive, affective, and behavior domains is used. We surveyed 466 students across Indonesia from various universities and then analyzed them by gender, year of study, and the type of university (private or public). The results indicate that the cognitive level is still low, where about two-thirds of the participants show a lack of knowledge of green building and expertise related to green building. Nevertheless, 78.2% of participants wish to seek more in-depth information about green buildings, especially to design their own houses, share knowledge about green buildings through their social media, and be involved in organizations that campaign to implement green buildings. The result of correlation analysis implies that behavior is the most important domain compared to cognitive and affective domains. Based on this finding, green buildings literacy can be done in the realm of formal and non-formal learning, with an emphasis on providing a strong behavioral understanding so that the public can participate in the implementation of green building in the future and explore the cognitive domain more deeply.
Green building product designs, which interact directly and extensively with building users through active operation (e.g., operating of a solar shade, windows, light switch) and/or aesthetic or creative features of the designs (e.g., decorations showing sustainability concepts), represent a critical link between users and buildings. Yet, the user-design interaction has received little attention in the green building design practices as shown from existing green building rating systems, which rely largely on scores obtained from simulation models without incorporating the human factor, leading to unsatisfactory performance. In this paper, we identify three factors which are important in the user-design interaction: 1) “usability” for measuring the utilitarian purposes fulfilled by product design for a green building; 2) “teachability” for evaluating the effectiveness of using a green building product design as a teaching medium; and 3) spatial configuration for assessing the spatial layout of products designed for promoting usability and teachability. Selection, weighting, and measurement of indicators for each aspect are developed through literature review, Delphi survey and analytic hierarchy process. A software tool is developed for data entry, processing, and visualization which can be adopted by the design community following two hypothetical case studies.
Sustainable/green building rating systems are utilized by both developed and developing countries based on their local context. This paper aims to develop an assessment tool that considers the triple bottom line sustainability of buildings. In Ethiopia, buildings of various types and purposes are constructed at an alarming rate with inadequate resources and wasteful uses, so this tool is in urgent need. Developing such a tool is highly appreciated due to the diversified and complicated ecological and socio-economic issues in the building construction sector. This research has developed new green building assessment categories and criteria depending upon consensus reached with 93 experienced experts working on the construction sectors. This research reviewed a total of 10 widely and repeatedly used tools that were critically studied, for instance, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method, Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen, Sustainable Building Tool, and so on. The Analytic Hierarchy Process technique was applied for weighting and prioritizing after selecting these assessment categories and criteria. The outcomes of the research with the relative priority values were materials and resources (18.66%), sustainable sites and ecology (16.92%), energy efficiency (16.78%), indoor environmental quality (12.60%), economic aspects (10.41%), management (10.30%), water efficiency (8.06%) and location and transportation (6.27%). Thus the proposed sustainable building assessment tool that best suits Ethiopian settings was developed.
With the improvement of people’s living standards and the awakening of environmental rights awareness, pollution and mass environmental incidents have become the focus of public attention. Using grounded theory analysis in qualitative research and multivariate statistical technology in quantitative research, taking residents and public officials of Shijiazhuang, Tangshan and Heng Shui as the research objects, Study 1 has defined the concept of the political cost of environmental problems (PCEP) and has constructed the PCEP scale by using the methods of interview and questionnaire survey, which provided sufficient theoretical explanation and empirical support for the research on the political cost of environmental problems. Study 2 has explored the relationship between PCEP and the environment-friendly behaviors, verified the applicability of the scale, and found the institutional PCEP, the organizational PCEP, the social PCEP, and the mass basic PCEP all have a positive impact on environment-friendly behaviors.