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Comparison of expected and observed responses according to company size distributions.

Comparison of expected and observed responses according to company size distributions.

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Organizations increasingly recognize that environmental sustainability is an urgent problem. Green information systems (Green IS) initiatives can assist organizations in reaching their environmental goals by providing the ability to reduce the environmental impacts of information technology (IT) manufacturing, operations and disposal; facilitate tr...

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... Robust and relevant measurement principles provide the common ground for communication and represent an important opportunity for digitalization activities to support sustainability (Corbett et al., 2011). Digitalization assists organizations in extracting information, enforcing compliance, facilitating transparency, and enhancing the efficiency of organizational resources and business processes (Corbett & Mellouli, 2017;Loeser et al., 2017). ...
... Digitalization supports sustainability in data gathering and measurement principles. Based on the successful measurement of the organizational impacts on sustainability, organizations are now able to assess their effects of actions on the planet, enabling them to make better decisions in line with the organizational vision (Corbett et al., 2011;Loeser et al., 2017). Furthermore, the importance of transparency and visibility cannot be overlooked as the "effective integration of sustainability data with other operating metrics and systems has the potential to align diverse aspects of global operations" (Sroufe, 2017, p. 7). ...
... By shaping the direction of the organizational path and sharing the overall plan of what needs to be done, employees can participate and contribute much easier. While initiating and envisioning change is done by management (Loeser et al., 2017), carrying sustainable and digitalized actions and goals in the organization, integrating them in the operation and reaching for the 'moving goalposts' requires employees. ...
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Sustainability and digitalization are two megatrends posing an impetus for change and challenging organizations. Particularly in the case of sustainability, research emphasizes the impact of proactive employee actions for identifying and realizing sustainability change opportunities. However, it remains unclear why sustainability seemingly mobilizes more employee engagement, despite digitalization also offering opportunities for and benefitting from employee impulses. Building on a qualitative inductive study, we reveal how sustainability and digitalization can be successfully integrated into the organizational change management. Applying a behavioral visibility lens, we provide an explanation, why sustainability activates an additional emergent and employee-driven change, while digitalization does not, as sustainable behavior is more visible within the organization. We provide a model to understand the phenomenon of emergent vs. organizational change in the light of complex and diffuse megatrends, by explaining how behavioral visibility is a filter for enacting emerging change opportunities. We identify four different key parts for sustainability and digitalization change: 1) change enactment, 2) behavioral visibility, 3) emergent change cycle, and 4) organizational change. In addition, we derive managerial recommendations.
... The GIT literature has increased rapidly in recent decades, with studies focusing on strategic implementation framework (Melville 2010;Jenkin et al. 2011), factors of adoption (Loeser et al. 2017), and critical success factors and benefits (Asadi et al. 2017;Przychodzen et al. 2018). Studies have also examined employees' adoption of environmental IT practices (Yoon 2018;. ...
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This study explores the motivational factors that influence information technology (IT) professionals’ pro-environmental behaviors (PEBs). Based on the self-determination theory (SDT), autonomous and controlled motivations were posited as determinants of PEBs. Besides, the green human resource management (GHRM) literature was integrated to examine the direct and indirect effects of GHRM practices. The hypothesized model was tested using data collected from 333 IT professionals in Malaysia. The results supported the view that autonomous motivation and GHRM practices have significant effects on PEBs. Also, GHRM was a significant moderator of the effect of autonomous motivation on PEBs. On the contrary, the hypotheses that controlled motivation has a constraining effect, and GHRM has a moderating effect on PEBs were not supported. Thus, this study extends the SDT by incorporating GHRM literature to demonstrate that IT professionals’ PEBs are associated with environmental practices based on interest and value.
... Table 2 lists CM characteristics [14] and their applications. Machine automation, monitoring, optimization, optimization integration [31, 32], and comprehensive situational evaluation and awareness are needed to support cloud-based technology [29] (Fig. 4). ...
... Moreover, it considers some technologies for enabling and forming the product platform (Carlucci et al.) [90] This research represents a minority game theory approach to support simple task quantity and service/resource allocating in CM (Zhang et al.) [91] This work considering some comparative experiments shows a game theory-based method for utility-aware multi-task scheduling in CM enables handling of the data related to design, feedstock properties, and data generated during manufacturing including log data and diagnostics sensor data. CM-based additive manufacturing has enabled remote manufacturing and is disrupting the conventional supply chain-based system utilized in conventional manufacturing industries [32,33]. Additionally, a process-driven manufacturing platform such as additive manufacturing which integrates multiple functions together requires CM support at various stages from design to actual production of the part. ...
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The industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has grown to empower advantages of advanced manufacturing machinery and smarter control. The cloud-based technology of remote data collection, intelligent machine interconnectivity, and sensor monitoring provide the opportunity for a pattern modification across all manufacturing divisions including the latest and rapidly growing technology of additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing. AM is a type of direct manufacturing and revolutionary technology that enables complicated production and a formation which can shorten manufacturing processes and supply chain procedures. Data is a key factor in the age of big data, embedded IIoT solutions, and services in the new machinery and mechanism that bring an additional capability to integrate and manage data streams within the Internet of Things (IoT) cloud-based platform. Movement and merging conventional (legacy) manufacturing technology into the shared and modern machinery required for the state-of-the-art manufacturing technology such as AM is complex and challenging, but it needs to be organized and fixed resourcefully, while it remains linked, flexible, and scalable. AM is an advanced manufacturing system and technology involving the new era of complex machinery and operating systems. AM has been identified as a special value to the industry which has many applications in the different industries such as aerospace, medical and healthcare, energy, and automotive. Hence, high-performance computation and processing will be very important in AM. This research takes an overview of the cloud-based model and concept of cloud computing (CC), cloud manufacturing (CM), IoT, and their relations and influences in the AM industry 4.0 era. This study contributes as a theoretical basis and as a comprehensive framework for AM integration. Furthermore, this paper presents CM applications and integration with AM and proposes an integrated AM cloud platform.
... Los autores de la presente investigación definen un grupo de dimensiones para abordar los Sistemas y Tecnologías Sostenibles teniendo en cuenta las investigaciones (Asadi et al., 2017;Khor et al., 2015;Loeser et al., 2017). La Tabla 1 muestra las principales dimensiones de Green IT/IS. ...
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Las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones han contribuido significativamente al desarrollo económico y social de la sociedad actual. La comunidad científica internacional está debatiendo sobre los efectos negativos y positivos de éstas y su relación con el medio ambiente y buscan soluciones en las tecnologías y sistemas de información sostenibles. El presente artículo propone un procedimiento para determinar el nivel de sostenibilidad en la gestión de tecnologías y sistemas de información a través del empleo de la Lógica Difusa Compensatoria en una organización. Los resultados de la aplicación del procedimiento permitieron calcular y evaluar el nivel de sostenibilidad en la gestión de sistemas y tecnologías de información. Tras analizar los resultados, se determinaron los criterios de medida peores evaluados entre los que se encontraron: la instalación de switches inteligentes, el despliegue de sistemas de enfriamiento libre, la implantación de tecnologías inteligentes, el uso de tecnología ecológica y la gestión de estrategias de Tecnologías y Sistemas de Información Sostenibles.
... Green IT adoption impacts the organizations by affecting its culture, software development practices, business process reengineering [64]. The government sector has witnessed Green IT implementation impact in terms of improved infrastructure [1,43], efficient power utilization [65], and improved large-scale planning and efficiency. Green IT has also impacted society in the form of behavior [40], values & norms [11], and social rewards [53]. ...
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With several studies investigating the adoption of Green IT and the factors that lead to its successful adoption, it is important to look into the continuity of Green IT initiatives in the long run. We investigate the factors that contribute to the continuity of Green IT efforts using resource-based explanations and a natural resource-based view. We also devise a method to classify firms into Sustainers and Non-Sustainers from the Program sustainability view and literature. With Green IT data (primary and secondary) collected from Indian firms, we use Discriminant analysis to identify the key factors that distinguish between Sustainers and Non-Sustainers. The analysis revealed that the organizational Green IT system, organizational flexibility, Green IT service adoption, and Green IT process innovation became significant discriminators between sustainers and non-sustainers.
... Second, we seek answer calls (e.g. Loeser et al. 2017) to advance theoretical understanding of how to adopt and assimilate Green IT/IS in organizations (Cooper and Molla 2014;. We seek to show how this technological evolution overlaps with building and advancing necessary Green IT/IS capabilities (Lei and Ngai 2013;Loeser 2013). ...
Conference Paper
Green IT and Green IS are innovation types that organizations adopt so as to digitally and sustainably transform themselves. Since it is not the innovation adoption itself that leads to the desired outcomes, organizations need to build the necessary Green IT/IS capabilities. To do so, they may adhere to the IT-Capability Maturity Framework, which incorporates an explicit Green IT capability. We improve this framework and provide a better understanding of the Green IT/IS concept as well as of how to achieve Green IT/IS maturity. We map and integrate the Green IT capability to well-known understandings of Green IT/IS and find that, despite the technology-related label, most Green IT capability building blocks relate to sociotechnological and management processes. Thus, organizations need not first invest in new Green IT before building Green IT/IS capabilities; altering processes and sensitizing employees may be equally effective.
... This aspect is realized in the prototype by using sustainability dashboards, which present information to the user. This way the user can be made aware of sustainability aspects, which is an essential element for sustainability-conscious information systems (Huber, Püschel, & Röglinger, 2019;Loeser, Recker, vom Brocke, Molla, & Zarnekow, 2017;Melville, 2010;Seidel, Chandra Kruse, Székely, Gau, & Stieger, 2018). ...
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Today’s rapidly advancing technology is shaping many aspects of our personal and working lives. In the context of the continuing digitalization of the manufacturing industry Digital Twins (DT) have emerged as a new kind of networked information system, which converges real-world assets with virtual counterparts. Smart service systems (SSS) provide a new perspective on these information systems enabling a connection between the technical concepts of industry 4.0 with service science. We conduct an action design research study in the machine manufacturing industry and use the SSS as a guiding perspective for our DT design. This paper contributes three design principles for DTs in manufacturing: (1) cyber-physical (re-)configurability, (2) smartness of the product, and (3) IT platform as a boundary object. The design was evaluated with several manufacturing companies based on a user interface prototype.
... The decision-makers in organizations are interested in decreasing the whole expense of IT procedures and seeking energy efficiency in the use of IT devices to enhance environmental sustainability in their companies Jongsaguan, 2016). Green IT initiatives can help companies accomplish this aim by implementing the capabilities to decrease the environmental influences of IT production, and use and disposal (Loeser et al., 2017). The organizations are recently starting to become aware of green IT and adopt it to tackle environmental issues (Mishra et al., 2014). ...
Article
Green information technology (IT) adoption has helped enhance the overall organization's environmental sustainability. Developing the strategies for effective adoption of Green IT is one of the essential goals of decision-makers. This study purposes to investigate the factors that influence decision-makers’ intention to use Green IT and the proposed green IT adoption model in Malaysian manufacturing firms. The 183 valid data were obtained using survey questionnaires from Malaysia's manufacturing industries' industrial managers and examine collect data through two analytical techniques. Two-staged structural equation modeling and artificial neural network applied for hypotheses evaluation and finding the significance level of every factor in the model. The outcomes of hypotheses evaluation through structural equation modeling revealed that managerial interpretation and ascription of responsibility have a significant role in predicting the adoption of green information technology in manufacturing companies. Besides, the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) results showed that the managerial interpretation and ascription of responsibility are considered as the most significant factors of green information technology adoption. This study will help the decision-makers and policymakers develop policies and programs for the effective employment of green information technology in manufacturing industries.
... A necessidade de obter uma percepção favorável dos clientes (3,56) ou ainda se utilizar da presença de iniciativas ambientalmente corretas como forma de obter uma vantagem competitiva no mercado (3,61), sendo considerada uma instituição ambientalmente responsável, é parcialmente realizada pelas organizações. Para Loeser et al. (2017), as estratégias organizacionais mediam a relação entre a orientação ambiental e a implementação de práticas de TI Verde, que por sua vez conduzem benefícios organizacionais sob a forma de redução de custos, reputação corporativa, capacidades de aprimoramento e inovações ambientalmente corretas. Donaire (1992) entende que a gestão ambiental é centralizadora e atribui essa característica a um modo de integração da gestão ambiental nas organizações, que segue três fases: a percepção, o compromisso e a ação. ...
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Resumo A consciência sobre a limitação e término dos recursos naturais fez com que as organizações buscassem novas alternativas e práticas para atenuar a degradação que causam ao meio ambiente. Nesse sentido, a Tecnologia da Informação (TI) pode aliar recursos disponíveis a políticas de sustentabilidade e à economia nas organizações, beneficiando o meio ambiente e as próprias instituições, através da utilização de tecnologias e práticas ambientais aplicadas à área de TI. Neste estudo, objetivou-se identificar diferentes motivos que influenciam as organizações a adotarem práticas sustentáveis na área de TI, o que vem sendo comumente chamado de TI Verde. A metodologia utilizada foi a pesquisa survey, realizada junto a 88 organizações localizadas no RS. Identificou-se que a principal motivação para a adoção da TI Verde é a questão financeira, seguida pela motivação ambiental. Por outro lado, as pressões de mercado e de legislação ainda se mostram pouco influentes na decisão de adotar essas práticas, com exceção das instituições públicas, as quais são influenciadas pela legislação vigente com mais intensidade que as demais. Espera-se que este estudo proporcione uma maior visibilidade da TI Verde, servindo como norteador para a adoção de práticas sustentáveis na área de TI, destacando as diferentes motivações organizacionais para tal. Palavras-chave: Sustentabilidade. TI Verde. Adoção. Práticas sustentáveis.
... The IS discipline has a history of demonstrating how material, social and informational domains can be bridged with 'technology artifacts for capturing, processing, transmitting, and representing information' (Gholami, Watson, Hasan, Molla, & Bjørn-Andersen, 2016;Grover & Lyytinen, 2015, p. 272). While much of this research explores economic impacts of IS, IS scholars have also established a stream of research that explores the potentials of digital technologies to contribute to sustainable development (Malhotra, Melville, & Watson, 2013;Seidel et al., 2017) in contexts, such as energy (Ketter et al., 2016;Watson, Boudreau, & Chen, 2010;Wunderlich, Veit, & Sarker, 2019), mobility (Marett, Otondo, & Taylor, 2013;Valogianni, Ketter, Collins, & Zhdanov, 2020), work (Corbett, 2013;Loeser, Recker, vom Brocke, Molla, & Zarnekow, 2017;Seidel, Recker, & vom Brocke, 2013), or urban management (Corbett & Mellouli, 2017). Reviews of this literature attest that this work has advanced our understanding of the complex global issue that is environmental sustainability (Sedera, Lokuge, Tushi, & Tan, 2017). ...
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One of today's grand societal challenges is to replace the current "take-make-waste" economic model with a circular economic model that allows a gradual decoupling of economic activities from the consumption of finite virgin resources. While circular economy (CE) scholars have long lauded digital technologies such as sensors, distributed ledgers, or platforms as key enablers, our own community has not fully explored the potentials of information systems (IS) for a CE. Considering recent technological advances in software and hardware and our history of helping address wicked challenges, we believe the time is ripe to mobilize IS scholarship for a CE. Our findings from an interdisciplinary literature review show that research has primarily examined IS potentials for increasing efficiency of isolated intra-organizational processes while neglecting the larger sustainability potential of IS to establish circular material flows-that is, slow down and close material loops across entire product lifecy-cles. In response, we propose directions for IS research that develop our knowledge of how IS can help understand and enact circular material flows to intensify and extend use of products and components and recycle waste materials. Our directions offer pathways to building and evaluating the problem-solution pairing that could characterize a prolific CE-IS relationship.